Complete Linux / UNIX Information, References & Resources

boot, commands, compression, distros, debugging, file systems, scripts, security, shells, utilities...

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COPYRIGHT 2005 thru 2019 - David R. Woodsmall

I created these websites ONLY to provide free information to help other people

Drivers/Embedded Windows SAN/NAS/,.../Virtualization Programming QA/Testing


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David Woodsmall's Extensive Glossary / Acronym List Computing Linux Unix Glossary Red Hat Fedora Glossary Computing Linux Unix Glossary More sites


CAN FAT PATCH AVOID MICROSOFT LAWSUITS? Flaw Endangers Debian-Based Encryption Keys Comparing Linux/UNIX Binary Package Formats SUN is buying: Cluster File Systems, Inc., creators of (LUSTRE File System - October 1, 2007 Judge Rules Against SCO Flash Player 9 Beta for Linux Gets Test Drive openSUSE 10.2 beta5 gold master being released RHEL 5 Beta - Flaky and has omissions - 9/22/2006 SLED 10 Is a Linux Distro Windows Users Can Love Novell renames its free Linux OS 'openSUSE' SuSE SLES Linux 10 Gold CDs are available


Asterisk is an open source PBX project, usually hosted on Linux, for example, AstLinux.

BASH SHELL - Bourne Again SHell

bash - GNU Manual GNU BASH Advanced Bash-Scripting-Guide - online book Bash Reference Manual Bash Reference Card - Caciano Cut down on Linux command-line typing with these 10 handy bash aliases bash commands - Linux MAN Pages Advanced Bash-Scripting Guide Bash scripting Tutorial -


BitBake is a tool for the execution of tasks. It is derived from Portage, which is the package management system used in the Gentoo Linux distribution. BitBake - Wikipedia BitBake User Manual BerliOS Developer: Project Summary - BitBake build tool BitBake - Openmoko - is the build tool used by OpenEmbedded BitBake - Freshmeat FOSDEM'06 presentation of BitBake and OpenEmbedded See also: OpenEmbedded See also: OpenMoko


BlueCurve for Windows XP BlueCurve Wiki Hooray for Bluecurve Bluecurve - CompWisdom


The Booting Process - What happens, what runs. A Detailed Look at the RHEL 9 Boot Process Dual Booting Linux and Windows GRUB See also:LILO The Linux Boot Process - Linux Home Networking Inside the Linux boot process Linux Startup Scripts Linux Start up and Run Levels Making scripts run at boot time with Debian [SOLVED] startup stall at "running local boot scripts" Adding a startup script to be run at bootup - Ubuntu Blog The Kernel Boot Process : Gustavo Duarte SUSE Linux Enterprise troubleshooting: Fixing boot problems See also: (mostly Windows) Comprehensive Booting Information


List of web browsers for Unix/Linux - Wikipedia

Bourne Shell (SH)

Bourne shell (SH) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Bourne Shell Programming Tutorial Bourne Shell Programming Bourne Shell (sh) Programming Guide Bourne shell computer dictionary definition and informaiton Learning the bash Shell Shell Scripting Tutorial v1.05r3: A Beginner's handbook Bourne Shell Tutorial Bourne Shell Programming Writing Bourne UNIX Scripts Unix shell scripting with sh/ksh sh utility - compatibility with the Korn, Bourne-Again, and POSIX shells


See also: COBOL (legacy)


Quick Reference for Linux Commands FOSSwire: Unix/Linux Command Cheat Sheet COMMANDS, Useful LINUX Linux Commands - Linux in a Nutshell, 5th Edition Linux / Unix Command: complete - Free Unix and Linux Ebook: Red Hat Linux Complete Command Reference LinuxPlanet - Tutorials - Linux Command Line For Beginners Linux Man Pages man pages - LINUX MAN PAGES ONLINE Linux MAN Pages - Linux Documentation with Search The Linux Documentation Project Works Linux man-pages home Manual Pages (man) (Linux Reviews)


Important Linux Commands Linux Miscellaneous but important commands Building the QLogic Driver for SLES 11 Linux About NetBackup commands - Symantec Installing SLES 11 on a multipath iSCSI storage device (System x only) - IBM Configuring Multipath I/O for an Existing Software RAID Quick Way to Create/Mount ISO Image in SLED and SLES using GNU/Linux Basic Commands Installing the SLES 10.0 operating system Nagios 3 installation on SLES 11 Suse Linux ( SLES10 ) IPv6 Configuration


FOSSwire: Unix/Linux Command Cheat Sheet (more) Basic Unix Commands Unix-commands-reference-card DOS to UNIX Command Translation Unix Man Pages online - The University of Alabama man pages - The FreeBSD Project Man pages - wikipedia UNIX man pages

CSH (C) shell Shell - The C Shell

csh -- C Shell, a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax Csh Programming Considered Harmful Archive for "Using csh & tcsh" Csh Csh One-Liners CSH - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia sh utility - compatibility with the Korn, Bourne-Again, and POSIX shells Archive for "Using csh & tcsh" Using csh & tcsh


Linux-like environment for Windows making it possible to port software running on POSIX systems (such as Linux, BSD, and Unix systems) to Windows. Cygwin Information and Installation - An Introduction to Cygwin WinGRASS: Session 03 Cygwin commands Cygwin Cheat Sheet - Cygwin FAQ Cygwin - Wikipedia Cygwin/X - port of the X Window System to Microsoft Windows | Cygwin Cygwin | Cygwin Ports KDE on Cygwin Cygwin | Utilities Download | PC World Using Apache with Cygwin Installing Cygwin with X11 on Windows - Blog Archive - See for Cygwin + SSH Docs The Cygwin-Apps setup.exe homepage How to install OpenSSH sshd server and sftp server on a Windows mno-cygwin - Building Mingw executables using Cygwin Lifehacker - Geek to Live: Introduction to Cygwin, part I - Downloads Lifehacker - Geek to Live: Introduction to Cygwin, part II Lifehacker - Geek to Live: Introduction to Cygwin, Part III Frequently Asked Questions about Java and Cygwin EmacsWiki: cygwin-mount.el Porting Gnome Desktop to Windows - CyGNOME - Cygwin GNOME Running Ns and Nam under Windows 9x/2000/XP Using Cygwin GNU ARM toolchain for CygWin, Linux and MacOS Cygwin/X - Wikipedia GPC for Cygwin Cygwin |

DASH - Debian Almquist shell

DASH - Derrived from NetBSD version of the Almquist Shell (ash). Debian Almquist shell (DASH) - Wikipedia Bug #61463 in dash (Ubuntu): Script that are using bash could be ... Busybox trylink shell script - doesn't work with /bin/sh ... - Tips for learning to program Unix/Linux shell scripts Dash helps Bash users relive the bad old days USALUG: - Dash Shell Aaron Toponce : DASH on Ubuntu Bug#50 4103: free() error in dash under memory pressure


dbx gdb DDD - GNU Project - Data Display Debuggers GDB GUI (Redhat, now public domain) GNU Debugger - Wikipedia Debugging with GDB gdb Tutorial Gdb - Free Software Directory - Free Software Foundation Debugging with GDB: Debugging with GDB GDB QUICK REFERENCE - PDF Panic xgdb See Also Program Debugging


O'Reilly Computer Dictionary Unix Glossary - Webmonkey Dave's dictionary URLs **

DRIVERS - Linux / Unix



FEDORA 12 - MOUNT OF AN ISO DVD (Read Only): mount -t iso9690 -o loop /dev/sdr0 /mnt/cdrom FEDORA 12 - MOUNT OF AN HDD (disk) ISO DVD IMAGE (Read Only): mount -o loop,ro /Fedora12.iso /mnt/Fedora12 One method of creating an HDD ISO image from an ISO DVD: cat /dev/sr1 > test1.iso COPY A DATA DVD to HDD: dd if=/dev/dvd of=mydatadvd COPY AN ISO DATA DVD to HDD: dd if=/dev/dvd of=mydvd.iso for a movie dvd: Use: vobcopy dvdrip lxdvdrip mplayer etc.

ELF - Executable and Linking Format

ELF file layout - wikipedia How to decode a ELF file - Linkedin Discusssion ELF standard - PDF dwarfdump The ELF Object File Format by Dissection The ELF Object File Format: Introduction ARM ELF File Format - PDF elf core file format


UNIX (Epoch) Date/Time Calculator Date Calculator SEE ALSO: DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME


"Expect is a proper superset of the Tcl/Tk programming language" - IBM Expect - Expect - Home Page Expect FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) Expect - Wikipedia Expect - Exploring Expect: A Tcl-based Toolkit for Automating Interactive ... - Google Books Result Exploring Expect | O'Reilly Media Expect Roland Giersig / Expect - Expect exceeds expectations - IBM shell_exec and expect - Exploring Expect: A Tcl-based Toolkit for Automating


(free) WHAT FONT IS THIS? - online service determines a submitted Font Type Complete Guide to Pre-Installed Fonts in Linux, Mac, and Window The Font Kingdom: Search, Explore, Create, and Download Fonts for Free]


Free Software Directory - FSF/UNESCO

Ghosting (Cloning / Backup) Linux systems

"Clonezilla, based on DRBL, Partition Image, ntfsclone, partclone, and udpcast, allows you to do bare metal backup and recovery." - nixcraft Have you tried Clonezilla? clonezilla's Howto dd - BE CAREFUL - Misuse can destory all data See also DD G4L (Ghost 4 Linux) PartImage PartImage Howto Download Ghost for Linux 0.30 for Linux

GNOME (desktop)

Coming soon, in the meantime: Changing from GNOME Desktop to the KDE Desktop


Is my hardware Linux-compatible? Find out here See also DRIVERS


concurrency - elevator simulation - Unix Coroner's Toolkit - DOWNLOAD (Unix) Filesystem Hierarchy Standard garbage collector for C and C++ Ghostscript, Ghostview & GSview Info Memory Management - Unix Pipes - capturing the first exit code Overview of UNIX Software Write Detection for a Distributed Shared Memory Unix Incompatibility Notes: String and Memory Functions Unix for Advanced Users


Linux Sockets: FAQ List Linux Sockets: Sockets FAQ bind()... listen()... accept(): The Unix Socket FAQ PF_PACKET raw sockets in Linux [Archive] - UNIX Socket FAQ Linux as router - UNIX Socket FAQ Linux Network Administrators Guide - 1.2.9. The Socket Library Sockets faq - linux kernel capabilities faq good resource for all Unix storage people Unix Incompatibility Notes


JUMPSTART / KICKSTART - GENERAL INFORMATION: Complete Kickstart: How to Save Time Installing Linux | Linux Magazine Kickstart (Linux) - Wikipedia UNIX for the masses - Blog Archive - Jumpstart TCP IP Jumpstart specs - MSN FEDORA KICKSTART: Anaconda/Kickstart - FedoraProject RED HAT - KICKSTART: Kickstart Installations - REDHAT Chapter 28. Kickstart Installations - REDHAT RedHat Linux KickStart HOWTO Customizing RedHat Linux Kickstart Installation Cdrom Kickstart Instructions install linux by kickstart - RED HAT Hacking Red Hat Kickstart ORACLE-BASE - Kickstart - Automated Installations of Red Hat Jump Start for the Linux Realm Kit SOLARIS - JUMPSTART IBM - z/OS Communications Server - APPN and TCP/IP JumpStart Program WHITE BOX LINUX KICKSTART: White Box Linux Kickstart Tricks LG #105


First Look: Revision 4 of KDE (K Desktop KDE Documentation, Online

Switching from KDE to GNOME (and Back)

Obviously, to switch back and forth between the GNOME and the KDE desktop, you must have already installed Both Desktops:

REDHAT - RHEL 4.6 and Newer

If logged in, log out (Action=>Logout) Click Session (bottom of the Login Screen) Choose A Session GNOME (or KDE) click OK Log in To make the change permanent, run the "Desktop Switching Tool" utility from the panel menu: Applications Preferences More Preferences Desktop Switching Tool

REDHAT - Older versions & Old Fedora Versions

Use switchdesk is the command to switch between GNOME to KDE. switchdesk gnome switchdesk kde

SuSE - Switching from KDE to GNOME (and Back)

yast2 sysconfig & 1. Desktop -> Display manager -> set it to gdm. 2. Desktop -> Window manager -> Default_WM -> set it to gnome. 3. Log out edit your .xinitrc and change the gnome line to startkde. creating a file called 'desktop' in the /etc/sysconfig directory and putting KDE in it, X fired up KDE from then on. Yes, switchdesk also worked. How to change from gnome to kde? Interchanging GNOME and KDE SLES 10 - How Do I Change To Gnome From Kde?, The option just doesn't appear! Restoring KDE Session on SUSE SLES 9 after installing SRSS

Key Safes (I have not tried them)

OpenSuSe - KeepassX - Password Manager

KSH - Korn shell

sh utility - compatibility with the Korn, Bourne-Again, and POSIX shells Korn Shell Home Korn Shell (ksh) Programming Korn shell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Advanced KSH Scripting pdksh - Public Domain Korn Shell Learning the Korn Shell Digg - Korn Shell Scripting Tutorial Done Like Never Before

KVM - (Linux) Kernel Virtual Machine

Commercial quality open source virtualization featuring Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) hypervisor technology. KVM or Xen? Choosing a Virtualization Platform - Kernel-based Virtual Machine - Wikipedia What is KVM virtualization in Linux? - The Linux Juggernaut Juniper Leans on Linux KVM for New Switch Fabric - InternetNews KVM: Main Page - KVM - The Linux Kernel-Based Virtual Machine - News, Blogs and ... Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.5 ships (w/KVM), but still no RHEL 7 in sight HOWTO - KVM WindowsGuestDrivers/Download Drivers - KVM Migration - KVM RHEL / CentOS 6.x KVM Virtualization Installation and Configuration ... /linux/include/linux/kvm.h KVM - ArchWiki - Arch Linux KVM - HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials How To Build Your Virtualized Datacenter Using Open ... - Linux KVM Presentation ( - YouTube Linux Today - How Did KVM Virtualization Get Into the Linux Kernel? KVM: Linux Virtualization That's Halfway There - Reviews ... 6.4. Installing KVM packages on an existing Red Hat Enterprise How Did KVM Virtualization Get Into the Linux Kernel? - eWeek Sick of VMWare, the story of my switch to Linux KVM. : linux - Reddit KVM - Debian Wiki How to Install KVM and Create Virtual Machines on Ubuntu How to install and configure KVM on CentOS - Linux FAQ - Xmodulo Using default VM build with KVM - TurnKey Linux docs [Phoronix] KVM Pushes Linux Virtualization Forward In Linux 3.13 Virtualization with KVM - Linux Journal

LILO Boot Loader

LILO (Linux bootloader) Tips Configuring LILO, the Linux Loader Removing the Linux LILO Boot Manager - Microsoft windows XP overwrote lilo, now I cant boot into Linux - Dev Shed LILO (boot loader) - Wikipedia LILO mini-HOWTO LILO - LILO is a versatile boot loader for Linux - ACM Debian - Package Search Results - lilo


eWEEK Labs Walk-Through: Linux Distributions - 1/23/2007 Linux Primer - Tech Republic Complete Linux Distribution Written in Perl The Linux Experiment - LindowsOS, Lycoris, Knoppix & Xandros


Commands - useful Linux Commands for the Lab DOS to UNIX/LINUX ASCII File Conversion (FLIP) LILO (Linux bootloader) Tips Linux LUNS modprobe RAM Disk - Red Hat & SuSE rpm -Uvh * RPM InformationInstructions for using RPMs RPM 4.0.4 Commands Updates - Uncompressing on Linux via TAR Linux / Unix TAR gtar - GNU version of the traditional tar archiver Booting Linux off of a USB drive USB Thumb Drive on SuSE SLES 10 w/SP1 and RHEL 5 Using a USB flash drive with Linux - Red Hat, especially USB Flash Disk on SuSE IA 64-bit Linux

LINUX - General Info

Linux/m86k frequently asked questions Linux 2.6.37: Scalability Improvements Abound Global spinlock list and usage. June 2001 Improvements in kernel development from 2.4 to 2.6 (IBM) Brennan's Guide to Inline Assembly Home of the Linux Kernel development FTP Home of the Linux Kernel development Linux - (LinxReviews)

LSB - Linux Standard Base

LSB - Linux Standard base 2.0 Linux Standard Base Advances Core Members of the Linux Standard Base Team Building Applications with the Linux Standard Base. (LSB) (IA32, 32-bit PowerPC, Itanium, 64-bit PowerPC, 31-bit S390 & 64-bit z/Architecture) (LSB 2.0 Includes C++, C99, SUSv3, NPTL and IPv6) IBM Press $45 w/cd full LSB 2.0 spec 0-13-145695-4

GNU MANUALS - subset listed below

bash Core Utilities cvs ddd - Data Display Debugger Emacs file utilities gawk - GNU AWK GDB - GNU Debugger GNU - Core Utilities GNU/Linux tutorials GCC - GNU C/C++ compiler GRUB - GRand Unified Bootloader - for PCs - GNU - GSS - GNU Generic Security Service Library m4 - macro processor - GNU make radius is a suite of programs for performing user authentication/accounting via RADIUS protocol. sed - a stream editor Linux Documentation Project ("HOWTOSs") Linux InfiniBand Project Open InfiniBand Alliance iptables tutorial Linux-iSCSI Project A Quick Guide to iSCSI on Linux Linux iSCSI target - Ardis UNIX/LINUX to DOS ASCII File Conversion KDB v1.2: Built-in kernel debugger for Linux KDE A lock-free multiprocessor OS kernel Memory Management development Linux IP NAT Forum Netfilter netfilter / iptables PCI Local Bus Specification Revision 2.2 PCI Express Performance Implications of multiple pointer sizes Software-Linux RAID Howto High Availability Linux with Software RAID Software RAID in the Linux 2.4 kernel, Part 1 Linux 2.4 Software RAID, Part 2 RAID and Data Protection Solutions for Linux Remote Procedure Call Single Unix Specification V3 HOWTO - Linux INDEX ** Virtual File System - Linux UNICODE / UTF-8: Unicode Standard All you need to know to use Unicode/UTF-8 on Unix and Linux systems UTF-8 and Unicode FAQ - Unix and Linux systems Linux SDK for UPnP Devices WINE user guide - UNIX implementation of the win32 Windows libraries


Kernel Notes Kernel Newbies (for Kernel developers) Linux kernel Online Book Linux Kernel Source Reference - bad link? Kernel Newsflash - late breaking Linux news many kernel-orientated magazine articles Linux News Linux Users Group at NCSU Linux Bugs (ZDnet) Linux Magazine


Knoppix LindowsOS - Now called: Linspire the release of Freespire 1.0 was announced - its free, Debian-based desktop Lindows becomes Linspire Lycoris (Now MANDRIVA) - acquired by Mandriva in 2005 Lycoris releasing: Desktop/LX Pocket PC Edition, running on a 2.4 kernel, for mobile devices Mandrake Mandrake Soft (Linux-Mandrake) SuSe SuSe - search the support databases Xandros
for a more complete list, press here EMBEDDED LINUX - Click here

IA-64 LINUX KERNEL - Design/Implementation/Background Information

Advanced Configuration and Power Interface Specification, Rev 2.0 Shared Memory Cosistancy Models, a tutorial Where have all of the cycles gone? - DCPI profiles Alpha (chip) systems Slab allocator: an object-caching kernel Developer's Interface Guide for IA-64 Servers Porting Linux to IA-64 Using and Porting the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) IA-64 Architecture Software Developer's Manuals


useful Linux hardening checking scripts


Comparison of Linux distributions - wikipedia Linux distributions - downloads Small Linux Distros For Every Occasion & rescue Linuxes


AIX VERSIONS - wikipedia: 7.1 - 9/2010 7.0 6.1 - 11/2007 6.0 (called AIX 6.1) 5L 5.3 - 8/2004 5L 5.2 - 10/2002 5L 5.1 - 5/2001 4.3.3 - 9/1999 4.3.2 - 10/1998 4.3.1 - 4/1998 4.3 - 10/1997 4.2.1 - 4/1997 4.2 - 5/1996 4.1.5 - 11/1996 4.1.4 - 10/1995 4.1.3 - 7/1995 4.1.1 - 10/1994 4.1 - 8/1994 4.0 - 1994 3.2 - 1992 3.1 - 2/1990 3.0 - 1989 AIX FAQ AIX (IBM) AIX 5L AIX Toolbox Download Page - Alphabetical Listing AIX 4.3

Android - Open Source Linux Mobile OS

ANDROID - COMPLETTE INFORMATION AND DEVICES ANDROID - Security Issues and Malware Android - Official Website Welcome - Android Open Source Project Android Central Android Developers Blog - blogspot Planet Android Android News - Android Google Phone Forums Android - Openmoko Android Forums Hello Android - Android OS news, tutorials, downloads android.telephony.gsm.SmsManager

Arch Linux

There are five core principles of Arch Linux: Simplicity Code-correctness over convenience Openness User-centric Freedom ArchWiki Arch Linux: The Simple, Flexible (and Fast!) Distro Arch Linux - Wikipedia Arch Linux - Arch Linux download Official Arch Linux Install Guide - ArchWiki Arch Linux Forums Arch Linux PPC Arch Linux VLC media player for ALT Linux


AstLinux is a custom Linux distribution centered around Asterisk, the Open Source PBX. AstLinux - Introduction - Click here for more information on Asterisk

blinix - for the visually impaired

blinux - Linux for the visually impaired - SuSe white paper Blind + Linux = BLINUX The BLINUX FAQ


(Community ENTerprise Operating System) - Red Hat's personal (FREE) version of it's RHEL: Tao Linux now (June 2006) rolled into CentOS and no longer separately available. CentOS - Free books CentOS - wikipedia Official CentOS site - CentOS ORG - The Community ENTerprise Operating System FAQ - CentOS IRC Chat - CentOS Forums - CentOS FrontPage - CentOS Wiki CentOS at DistroWatch CentOS 5 review on NuOnce Networks / BlueQuartz + CentOS Free ISO Downloads CentOS | HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials Planet CentOS :: CentOS 5 is a solid enterprise OS CentOS Repository of pkgs at CentOS.Karan.Org The Perfect Setup - CentOS 5.0 (32-bit) | HowtoForge - Linux ... Centos Central Logistics - Startseite My (not me) View - CentOS Bug Tracker CentOS official mirrors CentOS / Red Hat Linux: Install and manage iSCSI Volume Index of /centos/5/isos Firefox 3 vs. CentOS 4 Linux - O'Reilly News Download CentOS - LQ ISO Project details for CentOS LinuxPlanet - Reviews - CentOS 4 Offers Strong RHEL Alternative DAG: RPM packages for Red Hat, RHEL, CentOS and Fedora Setting Up Trac on CentOS Red Hat / CentOS: Chroot Apache 2 Web Server CentOS / Red Hat Linux: Install and manage iSCSI Volume CentOS VPS Hosting CentOS 5.2 x86_64 (7 CD Set) - Linux Central the /root for Linux ...

Damn Small Linux (DSL)

What is Damn Small Linux, a.k.a. DSL? Damn Small Linux, Download the ISO Damn Small Linux Damn Small Linux - Wikipedia The Official Damn Small Linux(R) Book

dg/ux - Data General Unix

DG/UX was an excellent version of Unix, but did not have enough applications ported to it. When EMC bought Data General, they killed off the Data General Server prodcution and DG/UX. DG/UX had superlative NUMA handling.

Debian Linux

Flaw Endangers Debian-Based Encryption Keys - May 16, 2008 Debian Org Debian - The Universal Operating System Debian - Details of package uboot-mkimage in sid Debian - Getting Debian - Debian GNU/Linux on CDs The Perfect Setup - Debian Etch (Debian 4.0) | HowtoForge - Linux Howtos and Tutorials Debian GNU/Linux Installation Guide Planet Debian - Aggregation of blogs of a number of Debian developers. Debian - Packages Debian Tutorial Debian GNU/Linux help made easy Debian - Wikipedia Paul's Debian Unix How To Debian - Package Search Results - lilo printing in debian/unix is hard... Overview of unionfs source package - Debian 6: First Impressions - 2/2011

fedora (free)

Fedora is a free and open source Linux OS sponsored by Red Hat.


Fedora 21 Won't Be Released Before August Fedora 14 ('Laughlin') has been released. Fedora Project Fedora - Wikipedia Fedora Project - GET FEDORA The Unofficial Fedora FAQ Home - Fedora Repository Fedora Project, sponsored by Red Hat How do I make all my folders open in the same window, when browsing the file system? Fedora 12 Double-Click Computer ICON Select EDIT Select PREFERENCES Select BEHAVIOR CHECK box that says: "ALWAYS OPEN IN BROWSER WINDOWS" CLOSE FILE => CLOSE or use the "X" in the upper right of the window to close the window Right-Click Computer ICON Select Preferences Click on the "Behavior" tab Put a check in the box marked "Always open in browser windows." gnome (terminal) window blacks out (turns solid black) - Fedora 11 & 12 In our experience, it seemns related to not having enough memory. Pressing ENTER (and some other keys) brings back the view of most of the window. Common Fedora 12 bugs - FedoraProject Red Hat Fedora Glossary Anaconda/Kickstart - FedoraProject Interchanging GNOME and KDE CentOS / Red Hat Linux: Install and manage iSCSI Volume DAG: RPM packages for Red Hat, RHEL, CentOS and Fedora Red Hat / CentOS: Chroot Apache 2 Web Server [PATCH 4/7] move syslinux and isolinux directories: msg#00174 Fedora Project - Documentation & Tutorials Features/Ext4 - FedoraProject

FEDORA 12 - codenamed Constantine

How to mount an ISO DVD image as a virtual DVD: mount -t udf -o loop,ro ./60Y0029-DS3K_SupportDVD_v1.9_update.iso /mnt/virtual How to get the Root Login to show in the login GUI Graphical Boot Problem in Fedora 12 Fedora 12 ATI Catalyst Drivers - Fedora Linux Fedora 12 Release Notes Fedora 12 - Common Bugs Fedora 12 DOCUMENTS This tutorial shows how you can set up a Fedora 12 desktop similar to a Windows desktop Fedora 12 - it's a horse, not a camel - The Register Tip of the hat: Fedora 12 a strong update - arstechnica Distro Review: Fedora 12 - Adventures In Open Source Fedora 12 Installation and Post Installation Guide - Personal Fedora 12 Installation Guide - Fedora Fedora/12 Public Active Mirrors Fedora 12 Linux Tackles Virtualization -


FreeBSD Project Getting FreeBSD BSD Unix ebook FreeBSD Handbook KDE on FreeBSD FreeBSD FreeBSD - Wikipedia The FreeBSD Mall KDE on FreeBSD - KDE on FreeBSD Opera Web Browser for FreeBSD FreeBSD Update - free binary security updates and method to apply FreeBSD (Unix) Clock Synchronization with Network Tune Protocol

Gentoo Linux

Gentoo Linux Home Gentoo Linux - Where to Get Gentoo Linux Gentoo Forums - Index Gentoo Linux - Gentoo Linux Gentoo Linux Wiki gentoo - Gentoo Linux | Linux Journal SystemAdministration: Gentoo linux Gentoo Linux Is Coming into Its Own Gentoo for All the Unusual Reasons | Linux Journal Gentoo Linux - Wikipedia gentoo - A lightweight GTK+-based file manager for Unix systems


HP-UX 11i (Hewlett Packard UniX) is based on Unix operating system, System V (initially System III). HP/UX - wikipedia 11.31 - 2007 - (11i v3) 11.23 - 2003 - (11i v2) 11.22 - 2002 - (11i v1.6) 11.20 - 2001 - (11i v1.5) 11.11 - 2000 - (11i) 11.10 - 11.04 - 11.00 - 1997 10.30 - 1997 10.24 10.20 - 1996 10.00 - 1995 9.x - 6/1992 8.x - 1/1991 7.x - 1990 6.x - 1989 HP-UX 11i - HP HP-UX - Wikipedia HP/UX Technical documentation - HP HP-UX 11.0 Operating System - Docs - HP Frequently Asked Questions from Newgroup comp.sys.hp.hpux

IBM Linux


Based on UNIX System V with BSD extensions. "Support for these products will end no sooner than December 2013" - (Wikipedia). IRIX - Wikipedia SGI - Products: Software: IRIX IRIX 6.5 IRIX Freeware IRIX Freeware - Alphabetical Order IRIX: Setting Up a Cable Modem: HOWTO -


ISOLINUX is a boot loader for Linux/i386 that operates off ISO 9660/El Torito CD-ROMs with an emulation mode - NO emulation support is needed. ISOLINUX. isolinux The Syslinux (& EXTLINUX) Project - Syslinux Wiki SYSLINUX - Wikipedia Isolinux HowTo for newbies - Part 1 UPDATED GENERAL ISOLINUX/SYSLINUX splash image mini-HOWTO Download Linux - LQ ISO isolinux.cfg - slackware Re: [gentoo-catalyst] isolinux.cfg boot an ISOLINUX-based LiveCD from the SD card reader of the Asus Eee PC small-footprint notebook computer. [PATCH 4/7] move syslinux and isolinux directories: msg#00174


KNOPPIX is a bootable Live system on CD or DVD, consisting of a representative collection of GNU/Linux software, automatic hardware detection, and support for many graphics cards, sound cards, SCSI and USB devices and other peripherals. KNOPPIX can be used as a productive Linux system for the desktop, educational CD, rescue system, or adapted and used as a platform for commercial software product demos. It is not necessary to install anything on a hard disk. Due to on-the-fly decompression, the CD can have up to 2 GB of executable software installed on it (over 8GB on the DVD "Maxi" edition). KNOPPIX 7.2.0 is the latest (12/6/2013) released version (created Feb, 2013). Knoppix - the official site "Software-Patents" in Europe: The threat prevails Patentability and Democracy in Europe - DOWNLOAD Latest KNOPPIX - KNOPPIX (offical) LINKS - How-tos,... I use FoxLingo (Firefox addon) to translate languages for me. One of it's resources is Google's translater, but it also uses a lot of others. Knoppix is a Live Linux CD / Live DVD based on Debian GNU/Linux - DOWNLOAD KNOPPIX - Linux Live CD Knoppix Cheat Codes Games Knoppix Knoppix Linux - Knoppix net Introduction to Knoppix GeekTech tests Knoppix The Linux Experiment - LindowsOS, Lycoris, Knoppix & Xandros


uses the KDE graphical environment instead of GNOME. Version 9.04 of Kubuntu has been released. Kubuntu - linux for human beings - How Can You Get Kubuntu? Kubuntu - Wikipedia Kubuntu Forums - Kubuntu If you don't know how to add a repository, you might also have a look Stuff for your Kubuntu Desktop - The Perfect Desktop - Kubuntu 9.04 - HowtoForge

LiMO Linux

LiMo - open-source wireless Linux foundation LiMo Industry consortium dedicated to creating the first truly open, hardware- independent, (embedded) Linux-based operating system for mobile devices. LiMo Foundation Introduction and Overview (PDF) - PDF Panasonic, NEC unveil 9 Linux phones LiMo Mobile Linux Becomes "Preferred OS" for Verizon - Gizmodo :: New LiMo Foundation looking to commoditize mobile Linux Video results for LiMo linux - LiMo Linux on Three Phones

LindowsOS - defunct

LindowsOS - defunct - now called Linspire. The Linux Experiment - LindowsOS, Lycoris, Knoppix & Xandros LiMo Foundation ready with mobile Linux OS | Apple - CNET News Linux LiMo phones for all? - InternetNews:The Blog - Sean Michael LiMo's Linux-based mobile OS stack makes gains - Network World Unstrung - Mobile Applications - Moto Not Dropping LiMo Linux LiMo Foundation: More Linux Phones In 2009 - The Channel Wire - IT

Linspire Linux (defunct)

Linspire was acquired by Xandros on July 2, 2008. the release of Freespire 1.0 was announced - its free, Debian-based desktop Lindows becomes Linspire becomes Xandros.

Linux on Windows

10 easy ways to play with Linux without leaving Windows

Lop - Linux on Power

Linux-on-Power - IBM'S group to put Linux on (64-bit) PowerPC 960/970 processors

Lubuntu - Ubuntu with the LXDE desktop

It's very light and very fast. Lubuntu in Launchpad LXDE - Lubuntu? LXDE Meet up with Mark Shuttleworth in Berlin First Test Images of LXDE Lubuntu Available


Mandriva acquires Lycoris assets The Linux Experiment - LindowsOS, Lycoris, Knoppix & Xandros LynuxWorks Embedded Linux - Click Here


Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrakelinux or Mandrake Linux) is an Linux operating system distributed by Mandriva (formerly Mandrakesoft). Mandriva Linux - Wikipedia


Mandriva Linux (formerly Mandrakelinux or Mandrake Linux) is a Linux operating system distributed by Mandriva (formerly Mandrakesoft). Mandriva Linux - Wikipedia Mandriva Linux - Mandrake download - Mandrake 10.2 / 10.2 -


MEPIS Linux - Home Popular MEPIS Linux Goes Commercial Palm-based Linux from MobileSoft (now owned by Palm) Moblin Embedded Linux - Click Here MontaVista Embedded Linux - Click Here

MLUG - Micro Linux Distros

MLUG Micro Linux Distros - Linux & Promotion and discussion of Open Source Software


Please Click HERE for SOLARIS Information

plinux - Linux plinux Plinux What are the differences between xLinux, iLinux, pLinux and zLinux? iLinux was for IBM i-series servers iSeries is IBM's midrange server line, formerly known as AS/400. What is iSeries? pLinux was for IBM p-series servers (PowerPC). I think it was replaced with LoP. The System p, formerly known as RS/6000, which was a Power PC architecture. IBM System p - Wikipedia IBM System p - IBM xLinux was for IBM x-series (x86) servers. Replaced with Vendors' versions of Linux: (SuSe, Red Hat,...) zLinux was for IBM z-series servers. IBM rebranded the existing System/390 to IBM eServer zSeries IBM System z - Wikipedia Linux on zSeries - Wikipedia Plinux

Puppy Linux

Easily installs to USB, Zip or hard drive media. Puppy Linux - Next to SLITAZ - A complete Desktop in 98 MB Home Page - Puppy Linux Puppy linux - Manaual - Barry Kauler created Puppy Linux - this is Barry's site - About puppylinux - Puppy linux WIKI Puppy Linux - Wikipedia Puppy Linux Discussion Forum Lifehacker - Puppy Linux 3.0 Now Available - Downloads Welcome to Puppy Linux Video Tutorials Puppy Linux Linux on a stick - The H Open Source: News and Features Puppy Linux for Windows Lifehacker - Taking Puppy Linux for a Walk - Boot CD Just another linux blog: Running PUPPY LINUX 4.0 on LINUTOP

Red Hat Linux

Red Hat has renamed it's personal Linux version to CentOS RHEL 7 GA was released (RHEL VERSION RELEASES) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Beta Debuts RHEL 6.6 has been released. Inside Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0 Beta FORCE FILE BROWSER TO ALWAYS USE THE ALREADY OPEN WINDOW: RHEL 5.5 Control Panel File Management Behavior Check "Always open in Browser Windows" CLOSE Red Hat's standalone hypervisor (RHEV)goes beta - Jun 16, 2009 Free Unix and Linux Ebook: Red Hat Linux Complete Command Reference red hat linux tutorial download|Free eBook Download RHEL Linux Released Versions release (script shows Red Hat or SuSE release information) | RHEL 6.4 - February 21, 2013 RHEL 6.3 - June 21, 2012 RHEL 5.9 - January 8, 2013 - The legacy 5.x branch RHEL 5.4 - Sept. 2, 2009: New Red Hat Linux's top five features - Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols 1) commercial quality open source virtualization featuring Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) hypervisor technology. 2) High-end processor support 3) better support for InfiniBand and Fibre Channel over Ethernet 4) Improved programming tools. 5) also includes Solid ICE/SPICE (Simple Protocol for Independent Computing Environments) RHEL 5.3 - 1/20/2009: 1) virtualization and power-saving enhancements 2) OpenJDK for Java SE 6 3) increased scalability of physical and virtualized environments 4) supported physical CPUs is increased to 126 5) maximum memory is increased to 1TB 6) full support of block or file system level storage encryption RHEL 5.2 - 5/21/2008: Added support for IPv6, and better support for Virtualization. RHEL 5.2 - May 21st, 2008 - released the second update to Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 RHEL 5.1: RHEL 5.1 will also see Windows interoperability improvements Red Hat plans to include in RHEL 5.1 as a technology preview new encrypted file system capabilities developed by IBM RHEL 5: Setting up HA iSCSI with CTDB on RHEL5 Red Hat Linux, Home of Red Hat Support Fedora Project - Documentation & Tutorials USB Thumb Drive on RHEL 5 (scroll down) RHEL 5 Beta - Flaky and has omissions - 9/22/2006 Setting up HA iSCSI with CTDB on RHEL5 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 - Kernel Modules Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 Update 3 Release Notes Linux 2.6 kernel scsi_devinfo.c missing in RHEL4? Installing QLogic FC Driver on RHEL 4 RDAC installation on RHEL 4 To configure support for multiple LUNs: 2.6 Linux Kernel - options scsi_mod max_scsi_luns changed to max_luns: If the SCSI Mid-Layer is compiled as a module, add the following line to the loadable module configuration file modprobe.conf, found under /etc directory to scan for multiple LUNs: options scsi_mod max_luns=255 NOTE: If you have multiple adapters, set max_luns to the largest number of LUNs supported by any one of these adapters (Please go to the QLogic site, look for IBM FW).

SCO Unix

SCO Unix and Linux Resources, Information, Tips, How-To's SCO Unix and Xenix stuff by Jeff Liebermann


Slackware The Slackware Linux Project: Installation Help

SELinux - Security Enhanced Linux

SELinux - NSA's SELinux - SourceForge UNofficial SELinux FAQ Use crypto_hash interface instead of crypto_digest for iSCSI Kerry Thompson's SELinux SELinux Link Zoo Russell Coker's SELinux (he also supports Debian SELinux) McCarty, Bill SELINUX: NSA's Open Source security Enhanced Linux O'Reilly $ 40 0-596-00716-7 SOLARIS - CLICK HERE SuSE (now owned by Novell) SUSE Linux Enterprise troubleshooting: Fixing boot problems SuSE SLES - Released Versions release (script shows RH or Suse release information)| SLES 10 SP2: Novell Delivers SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 Enhancements in Service Pack 2 How to update to SLES/SLED 10 SP2 Testing the new SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 SP2 Novell renames its free Linux OS 'openSUSE' The rebranding to openSUSEwill differentiate it from SUSE Linux Enterprise. SLED = SuSE Linux Enterprise Desktop SLES = SuSE Linux Enterprise Server SuSe Studio - Your Linux appliance construction kit USB Thumb Drive on SuSE SLES 10 w/SP1 Changes between SLES10.0 and SLES10 SP1's autoyast OpenSUSE 10.2 and Ubuntu 6.10 - eWeek SuSe Linux, Home of SuSE Products Click here for Linux USB information SLED (SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop) 10 Is a Linux Distro Windows Users Can Love SuSE SLES Linux 10 Gold CDs are available A First Look at SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SuSE 10.1 (Professional) Arrives SuSe 10.1 - free download SuSE 10 Professional, and above - Source not installed automatically - must be manually done Open SuSE Org SuSe - search the support databases blinux - Linux for the visually impaired - SuSe white paper SuSE SELinux SYSGO Embedded Linux - Click Here TimeSys Embedded Linux - Click Here

Tiny Core Linux

Tiny Core: The Little Distro That Could Tiny Core Concepts Welcome to Tiny Core Linux -


UBUNTU LINUX - (Ver 10.10 released in 10/2010) Ubuntu is a free, Debian-derived Linux distribution. Ubuntu Linux- Home Ubuntu - Wikipedia Ubuntu Cheat Sheet Unix/Linux Cheet sheet Installing Software in Ubuntu Ubuntu Forums Menu - Free software downloads and reviews - CNET Ubuntu Linux Vs. Windows Vista: The Battle For Your Desktop Ubuntu Linux Help Ubuntu GNU/Linux Installation Guide Ubuntu Linux Resources Ubuntu Forums Ubuntu Forums - Search Forums Community Web Forums | Ubuntu ForumCouncil - Ubuntu Wiki Ubuntu Forums - A help and support forum for Ubuntu Linux UbuntuForums - Ubuntu Wiki Ubuntu Forums Firefox Plugin A possible bug in Foxconn boards BIOS affects Linux ACPI - Ubuntu - Jul 26, 2008 YouTube - Ubuntu Linux Tutorial - Multimedia, Codecs, Medibuntu! How To Install A Complete LEMP (Linux - EngineX (Nginx HTTP SERVER) - Mysql - PHP) Server (Not LAMP...) On Ubuntu/Debian Ubuntu 10.10: - (Maverick Meerkat) Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) Overview / Download Ubuntu homepage | Ubuntu Ubuntu 10.10 is Released 10 things to do after installing Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat Ubuntu 10.10: Maverick Meerkat Benchmarked And Reviewed - Introduction Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope): How to Fix VirtualBox USB Support on Ubuntu 9.04 Super fast Ext4 filesystem arrives in Ubuntu 9.04 - Ars Technica Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope) Ubuntu One Opens Up The Cloud For 9.04 Users Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope? - PC World Magazine Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex) Review: Ubuntu 8.10 Is The Real Deal - Software - IT Channel News Ubuntu 8.10 released Sam Ruby: Windows 7 on Ubuntu 8.10 Ubuntu 8.10: first look at Intrepid Ibex - Ars Technica uBoot - embedded uBoot - Click Here ucLinux - embedded ucLinux - Click Here Click here for Linux USB information

White Box Enterprise Linux (WBEL)

White Box Enterprise Linux - Home White Box Enterprise Linux - Downloads White Box Enterprise Linux - Wikipedia White Box Enterprise Linux White Box Enterprise Linux | White Box Enterprise Linux 4 Respin 2 : The Linux Store Download White Box Enterprise Linux - LQ ISO Whitebox Enterprise Linux - Whitebox Enterprise Linux 4.0 and IBM xs336 - HowtoForge Forums ... Review: White Box Enterprise Linux

Xandros Linux (formerly Corel Linux)

Xandros Xandros - Wikipedia Xandros Desktop OS Support - Xandros Microsoft Gives Xandros Linux Users Patent Protection The Linux Experiment - LindowsOS, Lycoris, Knoppix & Xandros


Information about Xenix SCO Unix and Xenix stuff by Jeff Liebermann Welcome to comp.unix.xenix.sco


XFree86 dot org - now DEFUNCT ???


For IBM z-series servers. IBM rebranded System/390 to IBM eServer zSeries. IBM System z - Wikipedia Linux on zSeries - Wikipedia zLinux - Linux for IBM z-series (390) mainframes



Dave Phillips Sound & MIDI Software for Linux Portable Music Players and Linux ALSA sound driver - entirely freeware amixer - from ALSA aumix - Debian package name: aumix festival - a speech-synthesis system freeamp - Debian package name: freeamp maplay - MP3 player - Debian keyword: maplay mp3asm - cut/paste MP3 frames - Debian keyword: mp3asm mxv - MiXViews ia an advanced sound editor Open Sound System (OSS) for Linux snd - a sound-file editing environment for X sox - plays/records/converts sound files - sound effects xmms - Debian keyword: xmms xwave - XWave is a simple sound editors


An awk Tutorial gawk - GNU AWK his file contains a number of examples of how to use awk Getting Started with awk AWK programming language - Wikipedia Awk Frequently Asked Questions The AWK Manual UNIX Basics : Examples with awk: A short introduction

CDs & DVDs

cdda2wav - CD Sound sampling - Debian: cdda2wav cdparanoia - CD Sound sampling - Debian: cdparanoia XCDRoast - CD Audio - a graphical front-end to the cdrecord tool for X Writing an Audio CD-R DVD+RW/+R/-R[W] for Linux cdrecord - Linux command to burn CDs mkisofs - Linux command to create ISO images


coming soon...


Not yet


hfs - Debian: hfsutils


Dual-Boot Linux and Windows 2000/Windows XP with GRUB HOWTO Boot Loader Questions | Boot-managing your Linux+Windows box Configuring LILO, the Linux Loader Windows Overwrites Linux Boot Manager Removing the Linux LILO Boot Manager - Microsoft windows XP overwrote lilo, now I cant boot into Linux - Dev Shed See also: GRUB See also: LILO


Embedded Linux - Wikipedia Embedded Linux Tutorial materials - Free - Embedded Linux developers # Embedded Linux at the Open Directory Project Embedded Linux wiki - A wiki for developers using Embedded Linux The myth of the embedded Linux tools market Embedded Linux Tool Matrix - Metrowerks Embedded Linux mailist list archive Embedded Linux applications: An overview - wrist watches to cluster-based supercomputers - 10/2001

NEWS - Embedded Linux - Embedded Linux developer Forum Timesys Announces Embedded Linux for the Freescale i.MX31 PDK

VENDORS - Embedded Linux

Access Co


Busy box is a shell that runs on top of the kernel, like korn, bash, sh, tcsh, zsh, etc. except extremely basic - macogw. BusyBox v1.9.2 (Debian 1:1.9.2-3) multi-call binary: BusyBox is a multi-call binary that combines many common Unix utilities into a single executable. Most people will create a link to busybox for each function they wish to use and BusyBox will act like whatever it was invoked as. Busybox Screen Shot Defined functions, current as of (2008): adjtimex, arping, ash, awk, basename, bunzip2, bzcat, bzip2, cal, cat, chgrp, chmod, chown, chroot, chvt, clear, cmp, cp, cpio, cut, date, dc, dd, deallocvt, df, dirname, dmesg, dos2unix, du, dumpkmap, echo, egrep, env, expr, false, fgrep, find, fold, free, ftpget, ftpput, getopt, grep, gunzip, gzip, head, hexdump, hostid, hostname, httpd, id, ifconfig, ip, ipcalc, kill, killall, klogd, last, length, ln, loadfont, loadkmap, logger, logname, logread, losetup, ls, lzmacat, md5sum, mkdir, mkfifo, mknod, mktemp, more, mount, mt, mv, nameif, nc, netstat, nslookup, od, openvt, patch, pidof, ping, ping6, printf, ps, pwd, rdate, readlink, realpath, renice, reset, rm, rmdir, route, rpm, rpm2cpio, run-parts, sed, setkeycodes, sh, sha1sum, sleep, sort, start-stop-daemon, strings, stty, swapoff, swapon, sync, sysctl, syslogd, tail, tar, tee, telnet, test, tftp, time, top, touch, tr, traceroute, true, tty, umount, uname, uncompress, uniq, unix2dos, unlzma, unzip, uptime, usleep, uudecode, uuencode, vi, watch, watchdog, wc, wget, which, who, whoami, xargs, yes, zcat. BusyBox - Command Help busybox dot net BusyBox - The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux BusyBox - Wikipedia BusyBox FAQ Debian - Package Search Results - busybox Buildroot - Related Sites BusyBox Project details for BusyBox BusyBox Developers and Supermicro Agree to End GPL Lawsuit

LynuxWorks - (formerly Lynx)

LynuxWorks RTOS (Real-Time Operating System) for embedded real-time systems - lynuxworks LynuxWorks - Company Profile on LinkedIn Curtiss-Wright & LynuxWorks Announce Support for LynxOS SE 5.0 on Curtiss-Wright's SVME/DMV 1901 BlueCat Linux from LynuxWorks

Moblin - Mobile Linux

Moblin is an open source project for next generation mobile devices. Moblin version 2.0 version is now in beta stage (6/20009). Moblin - Wikipedia - Moblin Join the moblin development community - Test Drive Moblin - Moblin 2.0 Netbook Beta Introduction - 1.6 minute video Hands-on: Intel brings rich UI to Moblin Linux platform - Ars Technica Review: Moblin 2.0 beta OS on Acer Aspire One KAV10 Canonical announces support for Moblin v2 - Ubuntu SUSE and Moblin: Coming to a netbook near you Moblin netbook Linux preview - Computerworld Blogs Intel, Novell Will Jointly Promote Moblin Operating System - Moblin 2.0 beta impressively demoed on video - engadget Slashdot Technology Story - Moblin V2.0 Beta For Netbooks & Nettops Moblin makes the Linux 'desktop' more Mac-like - The Open Road Acer Will Use Moblin Linux Across Its Products by PC World - Yahoo Xandros Creates Enhanced User Experience for Netbook Users with Moblin Computex 2009: Ubuntu Moblin Remix Announced Gizmodo - Asus Eee Keyboard Shown Running Intel's Moblin Netbook Ubuntu and Moblin Linux to work together - Computerworld Blogs

MontaVista (embedded open source

MontaVista - Model Driven Architecture for embedded devices. MontaVista Linux 6 - EDA Blog MontaVista Linux 6 Gets Market Specific - MontaVista has looked into OpenEmbedded and the BitBake task executor. also using OE metadata to an extent. MontaVista using Bitbake for MontaVista Linux version 6 MontaVista Software MontaVista Software (Embedded Linux) Uses BusyBox & comes in Three Flavors: MontaVista Linux Carrier Grade Edition (CGE) MontaVista Mobilinux MontaVista DevRocket MontaVista joins Moblin crew - The Register Monta Vista - MontaVista to release adaptable Linux for mobile, embedded ... MontaVista Software - Intel Embedded and Communications Alliance .. MontaVista Supports Freescale VortiQa Software, Multicore ... MySQL - MySQL AB and MontaVista Software Enhance Support MontaVista Supports Texas Instruments OMAP35x Processors MontaVista Linux Rebuilds Around Top SoCs


sysgo - Real time software, Virtualization, Embedded linux SYSGO - wikipedia About SYSGO- embedded system software for safety critical real-time SYSGO celebrates 10th anniversary of ELinOS SYSGO's PikeOS selected by DIANA European project

TimeSys Embedded Linux

Timesys - Embedded Linux software, platform, distributions About Timesys | Timesys Embedded Linux TimeSys TimeSys Linux Install HOWTO LinuxLink from Timesys Simplifies Development of Linux Products TimeSys Corporation - Company Profile on LinkedIn TimeSys Linux/RT (Professional Edition) TimeSys Linux GPL Timesys Announces LinuxLink Support for the Freescale MPC8313E Insight24: TimeSys Webcasts - TimeSys Podcasts Building a complete Linux SDK for a MIPS platform using LinuxLink 3.0

uBoot Embedded Linux Bootloader

uBoot Das U-Boot - Universal Bootloader U-boot - Wikipedia U-Boot system loader Bootloader - bootloader used on the smartphones is called U-Boot bootloaders:u-boot:compiling [Blackfin Linux Docs] Lost Art of Computer Programming: Das U-Boot: The Universal Boot Debian - Details of package uboot-mkimage in sid U-boot bootloader -


uClinux is a set of patches for Linux that supports MMUless processors ucLinux dot org uClinux - Embedded Linux/Microcontroller Project - Source uClinux - Wikipedia Blackfin uclinux Koop Introduction to uClinux - how the absence of virtual memory/memory protection is handled Embedded Linux and uClinux Developer Forum uClinux | The uClinux CVS Repository uCdot: Embedded Linux/uClinux FAQ Index of /uclinux The uClinux developers list is a forum for developers Microblaze uClinux Project Home Page uClinux for Linux Programmers Uclinux On PSP uCLinux 2.6 for MMU-less ARM Project See also BLACKFIN

VxWorks - Wind River Systems (embedded linux)

Intel bought Wind River in June 2009. I think of VxWorks is related to embedded Linux, but that may not be the case. Originally, VxWorks used the VRTX kernel, but the Kernel was later replaced by a kernel written by VxWorks. Wind River Systems Wind River Home - VxWorks Wind River VxWorks: Embedded RTOS with support for POSIX and SMP VxWorks - Wikipedia What is VxWorks? - VxWorks FAQ Index Jungo Ltd.: DriverBuilder - Device driver development toolkit for VxWorks, based on successful WinDriver, VxWorks and Tornado II FAQ WRT54G5 CFEHow to revert back to the original Vxworks based Linksys firmware VxWorks (secure) MILS Platform Building Embedded Linux Systems | O'Reilly Media Embedded Linux: Hardware, Software and Interfacing - Serving the ... EzHomeTech -- * G2Linx * T2 SDE * Qtopia * Soekris * Pico ITX * Picotux * OpenMoko * Internet Tablet OS * uClinux * OpenEmbedded * OpenZaurus * ELinOS * gumstix * Unison Operating System * DSPnano RTOS * OpenEZX

FILES & FILE SYSTEMS (Linux, Unix and Others)

UNdeleting a Linux file with lsof Distributed File System - Microsoft Linux Filesystem Information Linux filesystem explained see: EXT2 see: EXT3 see: EXT4 Filesystems HOWTO Filesystems Tips - HOWTO Large Disk - HOWTO LVM (Logical Volume Manager) HOWTO Multi Disk System Tuning - HOWTO NTFS (click here) under Linux Partitions - HOWTO See also pNFS see ReiserFS Software RAID Linux NTFS - supports filesystem used by Windows NT, 2000, XP, 2003 & LDM see XFS see ZFS Comparison of file systems - wikipedia FileSystems - FUSEWiki Kragen's Amazing List of Filesystems Filesystems HOWTO Filesystems HOWTO What is file system? - a definition from Files Reference - filesystems File File Systems - OSdata OTHER FILE SYSTEMS - MULTIPLE OPERATING SYSTEMS: THIS SECTION IS BEING REBUILT: BULMA: Journal File Systems in Linux See also ChunkFS Coda File System Commons Virtual File System - Commons VFS davfs2 - WebDAV Linux File System (davfs2) ELF - Executable and Linkable Format (Unix & Linux) FiST: Stackable File System Language and Templates GFS - Red Hat Global File System Google File System - PDF GPFS - IBM General Parallel File System GPFS - IBM General Parallel File System - IBM Hadoop Distributed File System: Architecture and Design IRON File Systems - PDF Joliet File System by Thomas Tempelmann Journaling File Systems | Linux Magazine Lustre File System - maintained by Cluster File Systems, Inc. SUN is buying: Cluster File Systems, Inc (LUSTRE File System NFS - nfsv4 - Network File System Version 4 (nfsv4) Charter NTFS File System. Data Recovery Software PVFS2 - Parallel Virtual File System, Version 2 Understanding Unix Filesystems See also UnionFS see XFS see ZFS Death of File Systems Benchmarking Filesystems LG #102 Mount a remote file system through ssh Using sshfs - Debian Admin


Btrf will be included in Fedora 13. Fedora 13 BETA released in April, 2010 Btrfs Btrfs - Wikipedia Btrfs System Rollbacks In Fedora 13 Finally, Reiser4 Benchmarks Against EXT4 & Btrfs Project: Btrfs - Btrfs Benchmarks - ext3, xfs and btrfs are compared Btrfs Battles EXT4 With The Linux 2.6.33 Kernel Testing Out The SSD Mode In Btrfs - May, 2009 Linux Don't Need No Stinkin ZFS: BTRFS Intro & Benchmarks - Linux With Linux 2.6.32, Btrfs Gains As EXT4 Recedes Articles & Reviews: Btrfs Btrfs vs ZFS - OMG!Oracle gets SUN's ZFS Btrfs Benchmarks - ext3, xfs and btrfs are compared EXT4, Btrfs, NILFS2 Performance Compared - Slashdot

ChunkFS - Open Spurce Software

"ChunkFS is about reducing the file system checking (fsck) time." - linuxfs / chunkfs I Like My File Systems Chunky: UnionsFS and ChunkFS ChunkFS - Repair-Driven File System Design "A chunkfs-style file system can be checked and repaired incrementally and online, whereas most file systems must be checked all at once while the file system is offline". - What ever happened to chunkfs? - Chunkfs Chunkfs: Using divide-and-conquer to improve file system ... ChunkFS - solution or just a kludge - we should consider is that chunkfs really requires a 64-bit inode

ext2 - (Linux) second extended filesystem

Freeware Linux EXT2 & EXT3 File Reader (no writes) for Microsoft Windows ext2 - Wikipedia Ext2fs Home Page - sourceforge Design and Implementation of the Second Extended Filesystem Three Ways To Access Linux Partitions (ext2/ext3) From Windows Access to Ext2/Ext3 from Windows XP Ext2 Documentation Project Recovering lost ext2 Linux filesystems Ext2 IFS For Windows Ext2 IFS For Windows: Download

ext3 - (Linux) third extended filesystem

Freeware Linux EXT2 & EXT3 File Reader (no writes) for Microsoft Windows ext3 Home Page ext3 FAQ Ext3 vs Reiserfs - Access to Ext2/Ext3 from Windows XP

ext4 - (Linux) fourth extended filesystem

"The ext4 or fourth extended filesystem is a journaling file system developed as the successor to ext3." - ext4 - wikipedia Ext4 (and Ext2/Ext3) Wiki Ext4 Howto - Ext4 Ext4 - Linux Kernel Newbies Migrating to ext4 First benchmarks of the ext4 file system - LinuxInsight Super fast Ext4 filesystem arrives in Ubuntu 9.04 - Ars Technica Features/Ext4 - FedoraProject The Ext4 Linux file system - The H Open Source: News and Features Ext4 Development project - bullopensource Btrfs Benchmarks - ext3, xfs and btrfs are compared EXT4, Btrfs, NILFS2 Performance Compared - Slashdot

JFS - IBM's Journaling File System for Linux

JFS - Journaled File System Technology for Linux

NFS - Network File System

NFS was developed by SUN. Network File System (protocol) - wikipedia Network file system - Wikipedia Linux NFS faq Linux NFS-HOWTO Creating An NFS-Like Standalone Storage Server With GlusterFS On Debian NFS at RFC 1094 (rfc1094) - NFS: Network File System Protocol specification Network File System (NFS) - NFS: Overview and Gotchas nfs - Linux Command - Unix Command - ASK Linux / Unix Command To Find Out NFS Clients Connected To My NFS server Linux / Unix: Show Shares on NFS Server [ Shared Directories ] linux - NFS cache-cleaning command? - Stack Overflow Command for check NFS Server. - The UNIX and Linux Forums Using the NFS Client : NFS User Commands NFS commands List of NFS commands (AIX) NFS Commands (System Administration Guide, Volume 3) - ORACLE See also: FILES & FILE SYSTEMS (Click here)

Lustre file system

- Lustre is a parallel distributed file system, generally used for large scale cluster computing. The name Lustre is a portmanteau word derived from Linux and cluster. See more about LUSTRE - click HERE


"NILFS is a log-structured file system supporting versioning of the entire file system and continuous snapshotting which allows users to even restore files mistakenly overwritten or destroyed just a few seconds ago." - NILFS - NILFS - Continuous Snapshotting Filesystem for Linux What is NILFS? - NILFS - Wikipedia EXT4, Btrfs, NILFS2 Performance Compared - Slashdot


Accessing NTFS files under Linux. The goals of the Linux-NTFS project are to develop reliable and full feature access to NTFS by the Linux kernel driver Jan Kratochvil: Captive: The first free NTFS read/write filesystem ... ntfsresize is included in Linux-Mandrake Project info for Linux-NTFS Linux-NTFS FAQ - LQWiki Linux-NTFS project - CIA Debian -- linux-ntfs Linux: NTFS 2.0.0 For 2.5 Kernel See also pNFS See also: BOOTING / BOOT CDs (Click here)

pNFS - Parallel NFS

What is pNFS? - A Word Definition - Webopedia Network File System Version 4 (nfsv4) Charter information regarding Parallel NFS & its standardization as a revision to NFS v4 through the IETF Warp speed file serving with pNFS - Storage Bits | NFS version 4.1 pNFS at NFS version 4.1 pNFS: Project Logistics at CITI: pNFS Panasas | Products | pNFS Resource Center Storage Thoughts: pNFS P-Reg is a performance regression suite and debugging tool for parallel NFS (pNFS) PNFS Development Git tree - NFSv4 PNFS information on Storage pros look to pNFS for VMware performance boost NFSv4.1's pNFS for Solaris : theShepler Parallel NFS pNFS - PDF draft-ietf-nfsv4-pnfs-block-12 - pNFS Block/Volume Layout pNFS/PVFS2 over InfiniBand - Early Experiences Microsoft PowerPoint - LSF-pNFS.ppt PNFS - getting started See also NFS See also InfiniBand See also VMware

ReiserFS - Reiser File System

ReiserFS - Wikipedia LinuxPlanet - Tutorials - An In-Depth Look at Reiserfs - Included ... Ext3 vs Reiserfs -


I Like My File Systems Chunky: UnionsFS and ChunkFS UnionFS - Wikipedia Kernel Korner - Unionfs: Bringing Filesystems Together Aufs SystemRescueCd is now based on unionfs SystemRescueCd news Overview of unionfs source package - Read/Write Compression: Combining UnionFS and SquashFS - Linux Magazine

XFS - A high-performance journaling file system

XFS for Linux home page XFS - A high-performance journaling file system - SGI XFS - wikipedia Btrfs Benchmarks - ext3, xfs and btrfs are compared

ZFS - open-source

A SUN filesystem, now owned by Oracle. "Self-Healing, Self-Managing File System". Solaris ZFS Solaris Operating System - ZFS Learning Center ZFS at ZFS - Wikipedia ZFS - FreeBSD Wiki Sun setting dedupe up for ZFS - The Register Sun Tussles With De-duplication Startup, GreenBytes - ZFS - the future of file systems? Incremental back up of Windows XP to ZFS ZFS - Ubuntu Wiki ZFS Best Practices Guide (Solaris) ZFS Configuration Guide - Siwiki (Solaris)

Files and File Systems (WINDOWS)

CIFS FAT FAT12 FAT16, FAT32, NTFS - File Systems Unravelled FAT16 FAT32 .MSI PROBLEMS - Windows files .MSI Files - Windows NFS (really Unix) NTSF VFAT find command find . -name foo find - Linux Command - Unix Command Example uses of the Linux Command find


Linux Networking / Firewalls - O'Reilly Linux Example Firewall Scripts Firewall Tools SmoothWall Express is an open source firewall (GNU) Firestarter Linux Firewall IPCop Firewall Firewall and Proxy Server HOWTO Linux Firewall - single shell executable written in bash Linux @home - Firewall Quick HOWTO : Ch14 : Linux Firewalls Using iptables - Linux Home ... Coyote is a personal firewall distribution of Linux LinuxGuruz Netfilter IPTABLES Firewall The netfilter/iptables Project X/OS IP Firewall Administration The Perfect Linux Firewall Part I -- IPCop | HowtoForge - Linux ... How To Test Your Linux-Distro Firewall | HowtoForge - Linux Howtos ... Firewalls for Linux Linux Online - Category: Networking / Firewalls IPTables Linux firewall with packet string-matching support Firewall and Proxy Server HOWTO Mark Grennan, v0 ... Firewall - LQWiki Loads of Linux Links: Firewalls / Routers / Gateways Linux firewalls from old PCs - ZDNet UK Insight - Quick install & configure a linux ipchains or ... SEE ALSO - FIREWALLS See also: IP Info See also: IP Addressing See also: IP Masquerade See also: Linux IP Masquerade See also: IP ROUTING - START HERE and go down the page See also: IP Sub-Netting See also: IP Filters/Filtering, Port Forwarding & IP Firewall Administration See also: IP Management See also: IP Multitask

GCC - GNU Compiler Collection

GCC: GNU Compiler Collection GCC online documentation GCC Online Documentation Gcc - fsf.rog GNU Compiler Collection - Wikipedia Using the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) GCC Software & Documentation Center

GPL - GNU General Public License

Why Linus Torvalds doesn't see the usefulness of GPL version 3


Hardware Detection

WILL BE EXPANDED SHORTLYdmidecode - Finding Out Hardware Details Without Opening The Computer Case command to detect hardware - anaconda detect (GenToo) Linux Hotplug Project - hwinfo Kudzu lshw lspci -vv lsusb CPU:: /proc/cpuinfo HD: /sbin/fdisk -l NIC: /sbin/ifconfig -a /sbin/mii-tool Linux: Red Hat v9.0: Hardware: Detect: How to detect new hardware from the command line? [etc/fstab] AMD's MCE - Linux x86_64: Detecting Hardware Errors


GIMP - GNU Image Manipulation Program - similar to Photoshop in function

MY PERSONAL OPINION - IF A COMPANY WILL ONLY LEASE/RENT YOU THEIR SOFTWARE - I WOULD LIKE THEM TO GO OUT OF BUSINESS I PERSONALLY SUGGEST THAT WE BOYCOTT ADOBE PHOTOSHOP. The current stable release of GIMP is 2.8.22 (2017-05-11) Want to check out the GIMP 2.9.6 development release? GIMP - GNU Image Manipulation Program - GIMP is a cross-platform image editor available for GNU/Linux, OS X, Windows and more operating systems. It is free software, you can change its source code ... GIMP - The GNU Image Manipulation Program - USE THIS ONE GIMP - Free download and software reviews - CNET GIMP - Wikipedia GIMP Portable - - Portable software for USB ... Gimpshop - The Free Photoshop Alternative GIMP - Tutorials - GIMP - The Basics Tutorial - GIMP Basics -Introduction + Beginner tutorial exercise - YouTube GIMP Tutorials - Tips and Tutorials for Learning The GIMP 25 GIMP Video Tutorials to Help Get You Started 30+ Exceptional GIMP Tutorials and Resources - noupe Gimp Tutorials - Tutorialized Gimp-Forum: GimpChat: GimpUsers: Reddit: 60+ Best GIMP Tutorials of 2010 - Scott Photographics - Free Meet the GIMP! - Video tutorials for GIMP and other free graphics -

GIMP Magazine

GIMP Magazine Issue 1 GIMP Magazine Issue 2 GIMP Magazine Issue 3 GIMP Magazine Issue 4 GIMP Magazine Issue 5

GIMP & GIMP 2.6.7

GIMP - Gnu Image Manipulation Program ***** GIMP for Unix GIMP - Windows installers GIMP - Wikipedia script skeleton - sourceforge GIMP Portable - - Portable software for USB drives GIMP on OS X GIMP Documentation Download Gimp for Mac - Powerful image editing application ... Drawing with the Gimp Gimp Tutorials - Search for Gimp Tutorials on Pixel2Life


Irfanview - FREE PhotoScape - CNET "PhotoScape is a free image editor that is designed to be fun and easy to use. It not only resizes, edits, and tweaks your digital snapshots and other image files but also creates slideshows and animated GIFs, captures screenshots, combines and splits images, and more." - CNET VLC Media Player ACDSee Pro 7 - CNET


anaconda - Red Hat system installer used in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 3.0 RPM SmartPM Keeps Linux Package Management Simple


iscsid - (Linux command) A Quick Guide to iSCSI on Linux Linux-iSCSI Project A Quick Guide to iSCSI on Linux Linux iSCSI target - Ardis Setting up HA iSCSI with CTDB on RHEL5 Linux and iSCSI Device Driver Code Getting to know the Solaris iSCSI stack - PDF Setting up HA iSCSI with CTDB on RHEL5 DTracing iSCSI (Solaris and OpenSolaris ) Click here for LOTS more iSCSI info Testing iSCSI on Linux

KERNELS - Kernel Information

Linux 2.6.37: Scalability Improvements Abound Kernels 2.6.35 and 2.6.36: Storage Updates The big guns of Linux kernel development Kernel Newbies (for Kernel developers) Linux kernel advances - An introduction to what's new in versions 2.6.28 and 2.6.29 2.6.35 (released August 1, 2010) highlights Linux Kernel 2.6.23-rc1 Newbie Guide To Compiling A Kernel Go get the kernel source paco - Display kernel patch contents - a tool rpmfsu - RedHat Package Manager search file utility kernelinfo - Up-to-date Linux kernel info mailer

Loadable (Linux) Kernel Modules (LKMs)

(nearly) Complete Linux Loadable Kernel Modules Linux Loadable Kernel Module HOWTO Linux Loadable Kernel Module HOWTO - PDF Loadable kernel module - Wikipedia Anatomy of Linux loadable kernel modules - IBM Introduction to Linux Loadable Kernel Modules The Kernel Newbie Corner: Your First Loadable Kernel Module The Linux Loadable Kernel Module How-To - 11.2. Using the Kernel Linux Online - Writing Your Own Loadable Kernel Module Linux Resource Center: Linux Kernel Architecture: Loadable Kernel How To Insert And Remove LKMs

LOG FILES of Interest

Most error and debugging messages are logged by the syslogd and klogd daemons. General system logging is done by syslogd. Kernel activity logging is done by klogd. What gets logged is controlled by information in /etc/syslog.conf. Not all versions and vendors of Linux or Unix create the same log files, or store them in the same location. As Security gets tighter, expect more changes. Unix log files are typically in /var/log. Most log files reside in the /etc/log directory. Red Hat includes a desktop Systems Logs window (System Tools -> System Logs) that you can use to search system log files. Log files that are usually located in the /var/etc directory: boot.log - System services start and stop messages boot.msg - Alternate name for the boot.log file cron.log - Contains status messages from crond dmesg - Kernel startup log maillog - Mail log messages - if not logged elsewhere, log messages usually go to the messages file mysqld.log - MySQL Server Log rpmpkgs - Installed RPM packages secure - Security log - records login attempts and sessions spooler - News log - messages from the Usenet News server, if its running up2date - Messages from actions by the Red Hat Update Agent utmp - The utmp file allows one to discover information about who is currently using the system. There may be more users currently using the system, because not all programs use utmp logging. xferlog - FTP log wtmp - The wtmp log file logs all instances of superuser login XFree86.0.log - includes messages from the XFree86 server. Linux / Unix Security information Using LogSentry to filter log messages and email them to the administrator logwatch


Introduction to Make Advanced makefiles


reference missing - need a new one

MGETTY - a Getty for Modems

last source no longer good - I need some new ones


DSL HOWTO - tldp org Linux PCMCIA HOWTO Linux Kernel 2.6 PCMCIA - HOWTO Linux PCMCIA HOWTO: General information and hardware requirements Linux Dialin Server Setup Guide - mgetty, PPP, SLIP, modem,... ***** PPP HOWTO - tldp org How do I configure PPP - See Sections 11 & 17 - Linux FAQ Unruh's Web Page - PPP/Linux/ISP/... ***** Serial HOWTO - tldp org VPN - Crypto IP Encapsulation (CIPE) over - VPN - Red Hat "official" software modem site for Linux database for PCTEL Modems - SourceForge Linmodem support page APC modem (Mwave) driver for Linux - IBM DVD-Create a framework for DVD-Video creation DVD Burning Under Linux - Erik How to create a DVD-Video image under Linux with mkisofs - Ubuntu ... Blu-ray Disc/DVD+RW/+R/-R[W] for Linux Index:HOWTO Create a DVD - Gentoo Linux Wiki How to burn high resolution DVD-Audio DVDs on Solaris and Linux ... LogSentry (Red hat) (formerly called LogCheck). LogSentry checks log files that were produced by the standard Linux syslog facility, and either filters out or filters in log messages based on type(s) selected by the Admin. LogSentry is not part of the normal distribution, and must be downloaded and installed. LogSentry sends a daily email to the root user on the local host computer, containing the specified, filtered log messages. Hmm - other documentation states that LogSentry runs hourly. Anyway LogSentry (there are different versions of this utility),installs the script logsentry.cron in the /etc/cron.d directory. /etc/cron.d/logsentry.cron simply invokes /usr/sbin/ script (at least in LogSentry-1.1.1-i686.rpm). Cisco has acquired Psionic, the maker of LogSentry, but (earlier) versions are available to the public. Sentry Tools software has been released to the open source community following the acquisition of Psionic Technologies by Cisco Systems in 2002. SourceForge - Sentry Tools - PortSentry, Logcheck/LogSentry, and HostSentry Automated Log Monitoring with LogSentry and a Central Syslog Server - Part 1 Configuring a Central Syslog Server - Part 2 Index of /gentoo-portage/app-admin/logsentry lf274, SystemAdministration: Intrusion detection with Debian GNU/Linux HOWTO setup a home-server - Gentoo Linux Wiki See also SECURITY See also SECURITY RELEASES Recently Red Hat has added logwatch to the distribution. Logwatch is not as powerful as LogSentry. Logwatch will email a synopsis of what it thinks are log messages about dangerous events, to the computer system's administrator, daily. OTHER SUCH TOOLS SourceForge - Sentry Tools lf274, SystemAdministration: Intrusion detection with Debian GNU/Linux Linux log surfers secure webserver The /etc/security directory contains files that set a variety of default security conditions for the computer. These files are part of pam (pluggable authentication modules) package. See also SECURITY See also SECURITY RELEASES


YoLinux Tutorial: Video, DVD, TV and Multimedia Linux Online - Category: Multimedia / Video DVD to Mp3 iPod Video Converter Audio Ripper DVD Player Freeware See also Video

NTP - Network Time Protocol -- home of the Network Time Protocol Project Network Time Protocol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia NIST Internet Time Service ntp - Date and Time - Displaying USNO NETWORK TIME SERVERS This document describes the Network Time Protocol (NTP) RFC 1305 (rfc1305) - Network Time Protocol (Version 3 ... A tutorial on how-to install free Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers and clients A list of the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) time servers ... RFC 1165 Network Time Protocol (NTP) FreeBSD (Unix) Clock Synchronization with Network Tune Protocol Network Time Protocol (NTP) at the University of Michigan RFC 958 (rfc958) - Network Time Protocol (NTP) rfc1119 network time protocol version 2 specification What is Network Time Protocol? - a definition from ...

Open Source Linux

AstLinux - centered around Asterisk CentOS Damn Small Linux Debian Gentoo Knoppix MontaVista (embedded) OpenSolaris openSUSE Ubuntu

See Also: Woodsmall's Technical Books

POSIX / PThreads

Gallmeister, Bill O. POSIX.4: Programming for the Real World O'Reilly 30 0-56592-074-0 Lewis, Bil & Daniel J. Berg Multithreaded Programming with Pthreads (Posix threads) PH/Sun Microsystems $35 0-13-680729-1 Nichols, Bradford, Dick Buttlar et al Pthreads Programming O'Reilly 33 1-56592-115-1 See also: LINUX Driver references See also: UNIX Driver references


Postscript Quick Tips Ghostscript - Prints Postscript (*.ps) File Ghostscript / Postscript SEE ALSO: POSTSCRIPT


Preparing a DVI file for Printing - dvips - Debian: tetex-bin Preparing a PDF file for Printing - ghost - Debian: gs Preparing a Postscript file for printing - Ghostscript


A Closer Look at Processes on the Linux Operating System


Call Center, Bug Tracking and Project Management Tools for Linux


System Rescue CD PLD LINUX Rescue CD Roll your own Linux Rescue or Setup CD - Linux to the rescue: A review of three system rescue CDs Small Linux Distros For Every Occasion & rescue Linuxes


ntp - Date and Time - Displaying

RPC - Reverse Procedure Call

Remote Procedure Calls (RPC) XML-RPC Specification Remote Procedure Call - a definition from - see also: RPC Remote procedure call - Wikipedia ONC RPC ws-xmlrpc - Apache XML-RPC


to locate scanners, run: scanimage List-devices


KSnapshot - Linux Screen Capture program


chkrootkit - locally checks for signs of a LINUX rootkit New Linux Rootkit Discovered Injecting iFrames - 11/22/2012 USB driver bug exposed as "Linux plug&pwn" - March 2011 The First Linux Botnet Help Net Security - Software for Linux Spyware Horror Story: Toxic Wine - A WINE Virus effecting Linux systems Unix Security: System & Network Security, HP-UX Unix Security - System & Network Security, HP-UX Multiple Vendor X Server Render Extension AllocateGlyph() Integer Overflow Vulnerability- Month of Kernel Bugs Eliminating Root with Sudo wtmp command IP Filters / Filtering, Port Forwarding & IP Firewall Administration See also LOGSENTRY See also LOGWATCH Complete SECURITY Information Security Problems - IP


TA08-137A - Debian/Ubuntu OpenSSL Random Number Generator Vulnerability - May 16, 2008 TA08-079B - MIT Kerberos Updates for Multiple Vulnerabilities - March 19, 2008 Mandriva Linux - Pie Cart Pro Site Builder contains a flaw that may allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands. Ubuntu Security Notice - krb5 vulnerabilities (USN-449-1 ) Gentoo Linux Security Advisory - MIT Kerberos 5: Arbitrary remote code execution (GLSA 200704-02) Debian Security Advisory - file (DSA-1274-1) SUSE Security Announcement - SUSE Security Summary Report (SUSE-SR:2007:005)


Sendmail Consortium Sendmail FAQ Sendmail - Wikipedia Sendmail Sendmail Security Sendmail disasters CERT Advisory CA-2003-12 Buffer Overflow in Sendmail Red Hat Linux uses Sendmail Sendmail Security Advisory - FreeBSD project Hints about sendmail/e-mail sendmail.exe is a simple windows console application that emulates sendmail's "-t" option


Five pitfalls of Linux sockets programming Boost socket performance on Linux Programming IP Sockets on Linux, Part One Linux Network Programming, Part 1 Linux Howtos: C/C++ -> Sockets Tutorial Linux Socket Programming In C++ LG #74 socket - Linux Command - Unix Command See also: DRIVERS - Linux / Unix See also: KERNEL - Linux / Unix See also: Posix Threads - Linux


AbiWord - a WYSIWYG editor - can read MS Word files ae - Anthony's Editor DEdit - can read compressed text & display Japanese characters ee - Easy Editor GNU Emacs - GNU Project - Free Software Foundation (FSF) XEmacs: The next generation of Emacs nano - inspired by the Pico editor SED: sed - a stream editor - GNU Sed - An Introduction and Tutorial - Bruce Barnett Bruce Barnett's Cheat Sheet for SED - PDF Famous Sed One-Liners Explained, Part I - good coders code, great reuse REXX: the - a configurable editor using REXX VIM: vim - VI iMproved xedit xemacs - advanced capabilities for use in X TEXT - Reading Linux/Unix text on Windows

TUTORIALS & Newbie Articles

UNIX / Linux Tutorial for Beginners 13 Of the Best Linux Tutorials and OpenCourseWare on the Web Useful Tutorials on Linux and UNIX for Beginners and Experts Alike Norman Matloff's Unix and Linux Tutorial Center The Complete Linux Introduction :: Free ANSI C for Programmers on UNIX Systems UNIX / Linux Tutorial for Beginners Norman Matloff's Unix and Linux Tutorial Center How to complete an Oracle installation on Linux Linux basic configurations Linux Tutorials - Tutorialized Writing device drivers in Linux: A brief tutorial - Kernel 2.6.8 Linux Tutorials Linux Tutorials, Guides and Tips Ultimate Linux Newbie Guide Tutorial - How to Install Linux (Ubuntu) GNU/Linux tutorials Linux Tutorials and Articles The Linux Blog - Quick Linux Tutorials How To Install A Complete LEMP (Linux - EngineX (Nginx HTTP SERVER) - Mysql - PHP) Server (Not LAMP...) On Ubuntu/Debian Linux tutorials - unix-tutorials Qemu SLAX Persistent Linux tutorial - QemuSLAX | USB Pen Drive Linux linux Tutorials & Websites - Proprofs Free Webschool Linux Tutorial - clockwatchers LinuxGuruz Linux Tutorials - littleigloo Online Documentation Guides - littleigloo SSH Tutorial for Linux - Suso Technology Services - SEE ALSO INDIVIDUAL SUBJECTS AND DISTROS.


groff LaTeX project: LaTeX - A document preparation system LaTeX Symbols - LaTeX help 1.1 - Table of Contents LyX (uses LaTeX as a back-end) SGMLtools StarWriter - part of StarOffice - can read MS Word files TeX Texinfo - GNU


USB Thumb Drive on SuSE SLES 10 w/SP1 Using a USB flash drive with Linux - Red Hat, especially USB Flash Disk on SuSE IA 64-bit Linux USB Guide for Mass Storage USB Kernel Docs Linux USB Booting Linux off of a USB drive LINUX BOOT INFO Programming Guide for Linux USB Device Drivers Linux USB sub-system see also USB Info USB for DOS


Drivers & Software - ATI ATI Proprietary Linux x86 Display Driver 8.40.4 Ease your Linux video driver blues - The INQUIRER Linux Display Driver Archive Unix Drivers Portal Page - NVidea - Linux Hardware Compatibility Lists & Linux Drivers Linux video driver problem? ExtremeTech - Find Articles Linux - Display Drivers & Application Notes Beta Driver - Linux Display Driver - x86 by Install the Video for Linux drivers LCDproc - Home Transcoding of MPEG-2 streams to MPEG-2/MPEG-1 DRI Wiki - FrontPage - Several 3D accelerated drivers have been written to the DRI ExtremeTech: Top Tip: Linux video driver problem? Linux Forum: Linux Video Problems YoLinux Tutorial: Video, DVD, TV and Multimedia VideoLAN - VLC media player - a software project, which produces free GNU software for video VLC is a free cross-platform media player. It can also be used as a streaming server, with extended features. DOWNLOAD Windows (9 MB) version - cross-platform VLC media player (VideoLAN project) VLC FAQ Video4Linux - is for getting video and still images through your Linux server and onto the Internet. :: Open source video editing still has a long way to go Easy video creation using only FOSS software Linux video creation and editing open source software list RealPlayer 10 for Linux - the best audio and video player - I DO NOT LIKE THEM HMM - I no loger see a Linux version - Download mtv for Linux & Unix Linux Software > Video in the Yahoo! Directory The Status of Home Video Editing on Linux & Unix MPEG . ORG - Configuring your Web Browser to Play MPEG Video Linux and UNIX x command help Software that can be used for conferencing purposes - IT PRO Flash Player 7 for Linux The GNU VideoCD Image Maker/Ripping Tool Loads of Linux Links: Video Linux Tutorial: Video,DVD,DVD player,TV and Multimedia Video < Linux Software in the Yahoo! Directory Ronald's Room: Main - video or multimedia, and will mostly run only on Linux boxes Linux Software at - Multimedia / Video Linux Digital Video - K9Copy is a small utility which allows the copy of DVD on Linux - uses Vamps See also VIDEO See also Multi-Media


Ghostview - preview PostScript, EPS or PDF file in X PDF file viewer (on X) - xpdf X - basic viewer for - xli xloadimage - views images in the root window zgv - views images in a Virtual Console (but NOT in X) See also Multi-Media




Wine is a program loader capable of running Windows applications on Linux and other POSIX compatible operating systems. WINE HQ WineHQ - Wine Binary Downloads Wine (software) - Wikipedia WINE (WINdows Emulator) Frequently Asked Questions Wine the MS-Windows emulator WINE WINdows Emulator FAQ FAQ - The Official Wine Wiki WINE Windows Emulator - Mombu the Microsoft Forum eWindows eLinux Tips and Tutorials: WINE (WINdows Emulator) Discussions -


Linux News: Wireless : Symbian Syncs with Microsoft Exchange Wireless LAN (WLAN or Radio Ethernet) resources for Linux See also WIRELESS


Afterstep Org PDF file viewer (on X) - xpdf X - basic viewer for - xli xloadimage - views images in the root window FVWM Org GNOME gnome (terminal) window blacks out (turns solid black) - Fedora 11 & 12 In our experience, it seemns related to not having enough memory. Pressing ENTER (and some other keys) brings back the view of most of the window. KDE Org


I have not checked how old these are

Learning guide: Linux tools Call Center, Bug Tracking and Project Management Tools for Linux Porting Solaris* Applications to Linux: Tools - INTEL Wireless Tools for Linux UNIX/Linux utilities - PC-Tools Linux tools for geocaching Cygwin is a Linux-like environment for Windows. Linux Tools for Hagenuk Speed Dragon / Power Dragon / Surf M.A.X. / Speed Viper Linux Online, Inc. GNU/Linux Command-Line Tools Summary FOCUS on Linux: Security Tools Linux Tools for IomegaWare AIX Toolbox Download Page - Alphabetical Listing OGMtools - gnokii provides tools & a user space driver for use w/mobile phones under Linux, various unices & Win32 XML Hack Linux Tools For Network Analysis Linux SNMP Network Management Tools Index of /public/ftp/pub/linux/apps IPv4 - Linux: Tools Linux Tools and Techniques Linux tools by Markus Gaugusch


15 Power tools for Linux that you cant afford to miss 20 Linux System Monitoring Tools Every SysAdmin Should Know 10 Linux and open source developer tools you should not overlook GNU/Linux Command-Line Tools Summary Wireless Tools for Linux Linux video tools - Video software and downloads - Linux USB Tools Linux Diagnostic Tools Tools to access Linux Partitions from Windows - Ubuntu Gee Rick Richardson's Linux tools for geocaching A survey of free and commercial Linux SQL databases and Tools Creating professional documentation with Linux tools Linux development tools from Metrowerks Index of /pub/linux/utils/kernel/module-init-tools Linux System Administration Tools


I need to relocate some


ALSA - Advanced Linux Sound Architecture Apache Authenticating Linux against Active Directory BIND - makers of DNS - Howto emuse dot net - General Linux Links ESD - providing advanced graphical libraries, tools,... KDE web site GIMP - GNU Image Manipulation Program GNOME Web Site HOWTO Articles Linux Apps Linux Documentation Project Linux Journal Linux Online linux Start Linux Today Linux World MySQL Netscape - browser installation pciutils - library for portable access to PCI bus Quest Partition Magic QIP - QIP is BIND with a twist RPM Packages on SuSE and Red Hat RPM 4.0.4 Commands -Red hat send mail - configuring Squid - proxy server - Need new reference StarOffice SunSite USE CAUTION - TUNING MAY MAKE YOUR SYSTEM INOPERABLE: Linux Performance Tuning - Linux Forums Server Oriented System Tuning Info TCP Tuning Guide - Linux TCP Tuning - linux tuning tips with sample settings IBM Redbooks | Linux Performance and Tuning Guidelines Tuning and Optimizing RHEL for Oracle 9i and 10g Databases (Red ... MySQL Performance Tuning | Linux Magazine Linux: Tuning The 2.6.9 Kernel With A Genetic Algorithm | KernelTrap Linux: Tuning Swappiness | KernelTrap WordPerfect (Corel) X Consortium


Kernel 2.7 ATA-6 Linux Draft Proposal Changes for "vender-unique" Is It Time for Linux Linux SCSI HOWTO Linux SCSI Howto Requirements Linux Users Group at NCSU


Adding new hardware Articles - How to create a live boot CD containing your favorite Linux Distro Creating a Complete Distribution on CD HP Linux Inkjet Driver Project NOVELL Developer's Guide to Multiple Linux Installations (Cool Solutions for Developers)


Linux on zSeries - Wikipedia IBM System z - IBM Linux on IBM zSeries and S/390: High Availablity - Form: REDP0221 Linux on IBM zSeries and S/390: Server Consolidation - plug-in Form#: REDP0222 Linux on eServers - Application development - Form: SG24-6807 IBM eServer zSeries 900 Technical Guide - Form: SG24-5975 Linux for IBM eServer zSeries and S/390 - Form: SG24-6264 Getting started with zSeries Fibre Channel Protocol - Form: SG24-6299 Linux on zSeries and S/390: Systems Management - Form: SG24-6820 Enterprise Integration with IBM Connectors and Adapters - Form: SG24-6122

z/OS - IBM's flagship OS designed for zSeries mainframes

Security on z/OS - IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 40, No. 3

z/VM - IBM's current VM product - can support hundreds of CMS users

Cloning Linux images in z/VM - plug-in Form#: REDP0222


I will have to find some new links for this subject.

Performance Tuning

Unix Performance Tuning - SarCheck

Linux File Permissions

Linux / Unix File/Folder permissions are fairly easy to understand. All files (and Folders) have an owner - the User who created the File (or Folder). All Users belong to some Group, even if it is a default group. All files and folders in Linux (and Unix) have three types of permissions: r = Read permission x = Execute permission w = Write permission All files and folders in Linux (and Unix) have three types of users: 1] Owner of the file (or Folder) 2] Group 3] Other users File (or Folder) access permissions can be obtained by using the ls command. For example, "ls -alF", provides a list similar to: ------ Owner Permissions (characters 1 through 3) | | | | | | | | | | | | ------ permissions for Other (those in neither Owner nor Group) | | | | | | (characters 7 through 9) | | | | | | | | | | | | vvv vvv drwxrwxrwx Owner Group Filename ... 0123456789 - rwxrx- r - - Owner Group Filename ... ^ ^^^ | | | | | --------- Group permissions (characters 4 through 6) | -- Directory (can be used for Link (l) or a Regular file (-). NOT a permissions bit. Note that if the parent Folder denies you permission to do Write, for example, you can not create files in thatr Folder. The chmod command is set to set or change permissions. Be careful with permissions. If Folder A allows all users to have Write access, but File X, in Folder A denies a user access to write (update, overwrite) that File, the user can use the "chmod" command to change the User's file access permissions to include the ability to write (overwrite/update) that file. Also note that if the Folder gives you write permission, but the File blocks your write permission, you can move or rename the file, substituting a malware or virus file. DO NOT ALLOW THIS TO HAPPEN TO YOU chmod tutorial Every file or folder in Linux has access permissions Getting to grips with Linux Permissions - PDF Understanding Linux file permissions Linux: File: Permission: Set Linux Permissions - linux permissions [Archive] - The Cellar Unix/Linux permissions how many possible file permission combinations are there? Getting to Know Linux Security: File Permissions


The Grinch That Tried to Exploit Linux - 12/2014


SAMBA Workshop


Progress Status in Xterm Titlebar Remove just the files, not the directories TAR only the files useful Linux hardening checking scripts UNIX Shell Script Tutorials & Reference Linux - Shell Scripting Tutorials Linux Tutorial: CGI Shell scripts EEE.314 Embedded Systems Shell-script tutorial

SCRIPTING LANGUAGES - Common (partial list)

ActivePerl Aspect - Procomm's Aspect script Bash - Bourne Again SHell Bourne - SH - All Bourne Shell scripts should begin with the sequence #!/bin/sh bsh - BeanShell (light weight scripting for Java) CSH (C) shell Shell - The C Shell Dash - Debian Almquist shell Expect Firewall - scripts GNU Smalltalk Google Apps Script GRUB - Linux Startup Scripts HARDENING - Linux Hardening Scripts HyperTalk Java JavaScript JAWS scripting language - JSL JCL JRuby - is an implementation of the Ruby programming language atop the Java Virtual Machine Jython JCL - Job Control Language - IBM Korn - ksh Perl Perl DBI PowerShell - Windows PowerShell Information, Tips, Articles PowerShell Books - search for more 'powershell' Python REXX Ruby sed SH Shell Scripts Smalltalk YX SOLARIS Scripts Tcl - Tool Command Language tcsh - improved version of csh Toad - VBScript PowerShell Information, Tips, Articles PowerShell Books - search for more 'powershell' VIM Scripts Windows Script Host - WScript Scripting Languages - Wikipedia SERIAL PORTS - CLICK HERE


To find all available shells in your system type following command: cat /etc/shells Linux Shell Scripting Tutorial - A Beginner's handbook Free Resources, Information, shells, e-mail, etc shell-fu - collection of useful shell scripts Linux Shell Scripting Tutorial v1.05r3 - A Beginner's handbook Tutorials - Have a Bash With This Linux Shell ... - LinuxPlanet Free Redhat Linux shells - Requires registration with advertisers Ultimate Newbie Guide to the GNU/Linux Shell - Guide - Short-Media Linux Shells and Utilities Tutorials PERL sh utility - compatibility with the Korn, Bourne-Again, and POSIX shells Archive for "Using csh & tcsh" Using csh & tcsh


You can Use Minicom as a terminal emulator. Minicom - Linux / UNIX minicom Serial Communication Program


Fedora Package Database - Fedora 12 Help With Serial Port - Fedora Fedora 12 & VirtualBox 3.1.2 containing XP - How to add serial port 'physically' connected to /dev/ttyUSB0 VirtualBox serial port setup frustration - Page 2 - RPM resource gtkterm - similar to Minicom and hyperterminal Fedora 12 problem with USB serial device - msg#02494 - users How to install Huawei E220 USB Modem on Fedora 12 Features/VirtVNCResourceTunnel Install Arduino on Fedora 12 (x86_64) How To Use Host Serial Port From Guest In VirtualBox - Software .. Device-SerialPort/SerialPort - cpan Log Serial Port Data to a Specified Logfile Serial Experiments: Fedora 12 with VirtualBox 3.1 bridged networking how to connect to a switch on its serial port from Fedora Echolink Wine Fedora Serial Ports -


not yet...

SOLARIS (was Sun, Now Oracle's)

Please Click HERE for SOLARIS Information


Please Click HERE for SOLARIS JUMPSTART Information SUDU - sudo allows (Linux / UNIX) a permitted user to execute a command as the superuser or another user. sudu Manual


Sysadmin's Universal Translator (ROSETTA STONE) Sysinternals Freeware - now owned by Microsoft

Unix System V

UNIX System V - wikipedia

Tcl - Tool Command Language

Tcl is both a scripting language and an interpreter for Tcl. Tcl originated on Unix, but has since been ported almost everywhere. Tcl is open source and now often used embedded. Tcl Developer Site Tcl/Tk Manual Pages Tcl URL DATABASE Tcl software Tcl software - SourceForge Tcl - wikibooks Tcl FAQ - SourceForge Tcl FAQ - FAQs ORG Tcl Reference Manual Tcl Tutorial - activestate Online Tcl and Tk Tutorials Tcl/Tk Tutorial - techiwarehouse Tcl Tutorial Tcl/Tk Tutorial - Create GUI using Tk with Tcl Language Cameron Laird's personal notes on online Tcl tutorials Tcl tutorial - a very short introduction to the Tcl script language. Tcl2008 Tutorials Tcl Programming - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks Tcl for Web Nerds Tcl Language Usage Questions And Answers Tcl - Wikipedia Apache Tcl Tcl SourceForge Project VisualTcl The DejaGnu Testing Framework - Tcl Overview Apache Tcl ActiveState - ActiveTcl - The industry-standard Tcl distribution 1 Tcl Fundamentals Tcl Tcl - SourceForge cgi.tcl Homepage Book results for tcl - Google cgi.tcl - Home page Tcl FAQ Index See also: TK - often used with Tcl See also: Tcl Books (Click here, then search for "tcl") TEXT - Reading Linux/Unix text on Windows

TCSH Shell

Tcsh is an enhanced, compatible version of the Berkeley UNIX C shell. TCSH: Welcome TCSH: Home Project details for tcsh TC shell (tcsh) The TCSH module Features of the TCSH Shell | Linux Journal THE T IN TCSH tcsh from FOLDOC UNIX man pages : tcsh () Tcsh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Archive for "Using csh & tcsh" Using csh & tcsh sh utility - compatibility with the Korn, Bourne-Again, and POSIX shells


Linux Help Net Migrate To Linux | Unix To Linux Migration | Solaris Migration Linux Questions Beginner Help Page - Website for Linux Beginners LinuxSelfhelp - Need Linux Help? Unix and Linux commands, information and help Unix and Linux commands, information and help SUSE Linux Enterprise troubleshooting: Fixing boot problems Linux Online - Documentation Welcome to JustLinux: Wanna learn Linux? Open Source and Linux Forums Linux Information Portal: Howto, Help, Tutorials and Information linux help online Linux Kernel Configuration Help Texts Community Resources | Linux Journal Unix, Linux, Mac OS X Help, Tutorials and support pages - LINUX TUTORIAL - INTRODUCTION help made easy Help-Site: Linux Computer Help Linux Help Forums Help Net Security - Software for Linux Linux Support & Linux Help: Novell (SuSE) - Website for Linux Beginners Linux distributions - downloads LINUX SERVER TROUBLESHOOTING - GOOD REFERENCE BOOK

Tk - Tool Kit

Tk is an ipen source cross-platform library for building GUIs. Tk (framework) - Wikipedia Tcl/Tk SourceForge Project Tcl/Tk Software The New Tk Toolkit See also:Tcl - often used with Tk See also: Tk Books (Click here, then search for "tk") RPM TAR / GTAR

UNIX TURORIALS & Newbie Articles

Crash-course in using the UNIX operating system, with Linux being an example


DOS to Linux/unix ASCII File Conversion (FLIP) General Unix Utilities and Applications


vi Lover's Home Page How to auto-complete words with the vi editor (linux/unix) vi is often linked to the more modern vim editor.

VIM - usually replaces VI on most Linux System

How to deal with DOS and UNIX End-Of-Line (EOL) sysmbols with the VIM editor. VIM Scripts


IPSec is probably the most commonly used VPN technology on Linux. Some examples of Linux VPNs: IPSec VPN's (Openswan, KAME) SSL-Based VPN's (OpenVPN) PPTP-Based VPN's (PoPToP). Linux VPN Masquerade HOWTO Linux VPN Technologies and Solutions Linux VPN Masquerade - impsec Building Linux VPNs Linux VPN Technologies | Linux Journal Project details for Linux VPN Masquerade - Freshmeat types of vpn available on linux Quick HOWTO : Ch35 : Configuring Linux VPNs - Linux Home Networking Project details for linvpn Configuring Linux for VPN OpenVPN - An Open Source SSL VPN Solution by James Yonan Using a Linux L2TP/IPsec VPN server Linux VPN Solutions: A guide to implementing a Linux VPN Resources for "Linux VPN Technologies" | Linux Journal See IP ROUTING Information - Click here Other VPN INFORMATION - Click here


Linux-Unix cheat sheets - The ultimate collection - Scott Klarr Linux Group -



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