Complete Digital Information & Resources

HDTV, DVD, LCD, Home Theater, DRM, Audio, Cameras, Monitors, Printers, Scanners, TiVo

11/19/2019 - Optimized for Firefox 70.0.1 (Quantum) - David Woodsmall

COPYRIGHT 1992 thru 2019 - David R. Woodsmall

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** CLICKING ONCE on a Desired, Listed subject will take you to that information **

I started this web page to cover my interests in HDTV, High-quality Audio and Video, Taking, Printing and Scanning of high-quality (digital) Photographs, making backups of my personal CDs, and other such things.

Go directly to the INDEX Jump Table - CLICK HERE
Go directly to HDTV - CLICK HERE

I briefly mention various flavors of DRM/Copy Protection, because I know too many people who have been burned by purchasing HD video equipment that will not be able to view Blu-ray nor HD-DVD video (see DRM and Copy Protection), because their HD equipment does not support the new standards. I usually don't mention things that are obsolete or becoming obsolete.

This information is generally in Alphabetical order, including relevant definitions, with the exception that HDTV is the first entry on this web page. All other entries are in Alphabetical order - either use the index / jump table to get to an entry that interests you, or scroll down, looking for information in alphabetical order. Of course, you could also use your browser's search function

If you don't know what you are looking for here, consider some of my basic major topics: Audio, Blu-ray, CDs, Copy Protection, Digital CAMERAs, DRM, DVDs, HD-DVD, HDMI, HDTV, Home Theater, Photo EDITING, Photo PRINTERS, SCANNING, TiVo, VIDEO, xvYCC.

If you have no preferences, I suggest you start with HDTV, which includes all subjects related to HDTV.

INDEX - DIGITAL INFO Jump Table - not all subjects have an entry

1.33:1 | 1.66:1 | 1.78:1 | 1.85:1 | 2-3 Pulldown | 2.35:1 | 3:1:1 | 3-2 Pulldown | 4:1:1 | 4:2:0 | 4:2:2 | 4x3 | 4:4:4 | 4K TV Format | 5.1 | 6.1 | 6-bit LCDS | 7.1 | 7.2 | 8-bit LCDS | 8K TV Format | 15 pin VGA | 16 by 9 | 21:9 TV aspect ratio (Cinema 21:9) | 24 fps | 30 fps | 3D TELEVISION | 3G2 | 3GP | 120 Hz Refresh Rate | 120 Hz LCDs | 240 Hz LCDs | 480i | 480p | 525/60 | 720p | 780p | 960x540 | 1080i | 1080p | 21:9 TV aspect ratio | AAC | AACS | AC3 | ACRONYMS | ACTIVE 3D | Active Matrix LCD | Adobe RGB 1998 | Aero | AIE | AIO - All-In-One Photo Printers | Aliasing | All things RGB | AMBIENT LIGHT | AMLCD |
AMOLED | Analog | Analog Hole | anamorphic | ANSI | ANSI C12.22 | Antennas | Anynet+ | AR | ARccOS | ARTICLES of Interest | Artifacts | ASA | ASF | a-si TFT/TN LCD | Aspect ratio | Associated Press's DRM | ATSC | ATSC-H/M | Audio | Automation, Home | AVC = MPEG-4 AVC = H.264 = AVC-HD | AVI | A/V | AVCHD | AVR | BACKLIGHT | Bandwidth Calculators | BATTERIES for Digital Cameras | Beginners Guide to HDTV |
Blurring (during fast motion) | Blu-Ray | Blu-ray BD-J (BD-Java) | BLURRING | Bolt DVR | Books | BOOT CDs, Floppies and Sectors | Boxee | Brightness | Broadband Amplifiers | BROTHER All-In-One PHOTO PRINTERS | Brother MFC-6490cw MFP | Brother MFC-7840W Monochrome Laser MFP | Burn / Burning | Burning DVDs | Burn-in Protection | Burr-Brown | CableCARD | CableCARD 1.0 | CableCARD 2.0 || Cable / Dish / Fibre Content Provider Companies - Ratings, Comparisons, Complaints and Reviews || Cable Modem Info | Calibrating and Testing Video and Audio Setups w/Test CDs/DVDs | CAMERA BATTERIES / CHARGERS | CANON Digital Equipment Reviews | Capable/Ready Digital/HDTV |
CASES - IPhone 4S CASES | Cb | CCI | CD / CD-ROM,,, | CD's - Playing without inserting | CD Music Burning | CD / DVD Burning Software - Commercial | CEC | Cinema 21:9 TV aspect ratio | CinemaDNG | ClipArt / Photos | Color Depth | Color Difference | Component Video (connections) | Composite Video | Condensation Algorithm | Connections - (pictures/descriptions) | CONTRAST | Converters | CONVERTER BOXES - order your Gov. Rebate | Copy DVDs w/ImgBurn | Copy Protection | Cr | Crestron | Crimping Guide (Cable connectors) | CRT - Cathode Ray Tube DISPLAYS | CSTN || Cut your cable TV Cord || CVBS | CVI | D-Link DIR-655 Wireless Router Review | Daemon Tools - Playing CD's without inserting them | Dark Frame | DBS | DCDi | DDC | Dead Pixels |
Decoder | Deep Color | Deinterlacing | Digital | Digital8 | DIGITAL CAMERAS | Digital Camera Accessories | Digital Camera Discounts | Digital Camera Info | Digital Camera Reviews, General | Digital CAMERA REVIEW SITES | Digital Camera Reviews, SPECIFIC | Digital News | Digital Picture Printing - OnLine, Kiosks or Minilabs | Digital-to-Analog Converter Boxes | Digital TV| DirectShow | Direct View | Discounts |
DisplayPort | Display Rate | DivX | DLNA | DLP | DMCA - Digital Millenium Copyright Act | DMD | DOCSIS 3.0 | DOCSIS 2.0 | DODGE / DODGING | Dolby - All types of | Dolby HDR | Dolby for Low/Mid-FI Gear | Dolby Volume | D-sub 15 connector | Doublers / Doubling (Audio) | Download Speeds | Down Mix | Downresolution | Downrezz | Downsample |
DRM | DRM Removal | DSLRs | DSP | DSTN | D-SUB | DTCP-IP | DTS | DTS-ES | DTS-HD | DTV - Digital TV| DVD (Information) | DVD-Audio | DVD Burning | DVD Conversions - to/from | DVD Image Capture | DVD Media | DVD Movies | DVD Movies Just Released| DVD News Sources | DVD SECURITY and Anti-Theft News | D-VHS | DVI | DVI-A | DVI-D | DVI-I | DVR (PVR) | Easy Media Creator | ED | EIA/CEA 861/861B | Electrical Home Wire COLORS |
Electrical (House) Wiring |
Electrical House Wiring BOOKS| Electronics on the Internet | ELP - Electroluminescent Panel | Entropy Encoding | EPSON Digital Equipment Reviews | Faroudja | FCC | File Extensions (Suffixes) | Film Scanner | Film (Video) | FiOS | FireWire = IEEE 1394 = iLink | Flash Card SPEED CLASS RATINGS | Flash, Recovering Data from | Flicker | FOLED | FORMATS (GIF, JPEG) - non-Video Formats | FPT - Front Projection | Fractals | FRC - Frame Rate Control | FRONTLIGHTS | Fujifilm Digital Cameras (Digicams) Reviews | FULL SCREEN | FVD | Generators | - Gigabit Home Networking | Ghosting | GIMP | GLOSSARIES | GuidePlus | H.264 | HD | HDCP | HDCP v 2.2 | HDCP v 2.1 | HDCP v 2.0 | HD-DVD | HD-FM | HDMI | HDMI Cables | HDMI Connectors | HDMI Version 1.4 | HDMI Version 1.3c | HDMI Version 1.3b1 | HDMI Version 1.3b | HDMI Version 1.3a | HDMI Version 1.3 | HDMI Version 1.2a | HDMI-CEC | HDMIG | HDTV |
HDTV Definitions | HDTVs That I Like | HD-VMD | HDV | HFS | Hi8 | HiFi | H-IPS | HiTi 730ps dye-sub photo printer | Home Security | HOME THEATER | How to copy DVDs w/ImgBurn | HPA | HP Digital Equipment Reviews | HPD (hot-plug detect) | HQV | Hulu | IDTV | IEC | IEEE | IETF | ILLUMINANCE | ImgBurn | IMAGES | IMAX DVDs| INCITS | Integrated HDTV sets | interlaced | iPOD | IPhone 4S CASES | IPS | IPTV | IRE | IRFANVIEW - Get the Free Graphics/Picture editor/slide shower | ISO | ISO Images | ISP | ITU | J-STD | Jaggies | JPEG Info | JPEG2000 Info | JPEG-XR | Judder | Key2audio | Kinect (for XBOX 360) | KODAK Digital Equipment Reviews | LABELS - using Sharpies on DVDs/CDs | Laser TV | Layer 10 | Layout Compositing / Layers | LCD - liquid Crystal Displays |
LCoS | LCRT | LED - Light Emitting Diodes displays | Lenticular Lens - some 3D| Lexmark Digital Equipment Reviews | LIGHTROOM (Adobe's) | LR3 and PicasaWeb | Line Doublers | LINKSYS Router Reviews | Lossless Encoding | Lossy Encoding | LPCM | .m4e | .m4p | .m4v | Macrovision | Matrix Encoding | MATTE Screens | MB | Mbps | M-CARD | Media Center and MCE (Vista) | MediaMax | Megapixel | Memory | MHL = Mobile High-Definition Link | MHz | MIB | Micro-displays | MIDI | Millenium Group | MKB | MLP | MMC | MMCD | MO | MoCA | MoCA FAILED to work for me | MoCA filter built into Motorola SB4161 Cable Modem | Modems | MONITORS, Reviews & Info | Monitor Test Patterns | Monitor Pixel resolution | Monitors - REVIEWS | Mosquitoes (Digital Artifacts) | Motorola SB6141 Cable Modem | .mov | MOVIES | Movies, Making | Movies Released on DVD|
MP3 | MP3 Pro | MP4 | MPEG | MPEG-2 | MPEG-4 | MPEG-7 | MPEG-AAC | MS HD Photo | MTS | Multi-Media and Misc | Music | Music Downloads - Legal | Music on the Internet | Native Rate / Native Resolution | NERO | Netflix || Complete NETFLIX / HULU & YouTube Information || NEWS, technical | NIKON Digital Equipment Reviews | NITS | NTSC | OCAP | ogg Vorbis | OLED | OLYMPUS Digital Equipment Reviews | ONT | ooma - VoIP provider| OPM | Organizations | OTA HDTV Antennas || Other RELATED DIGITAL Resources | Other TECHNICAL Resources (Mine) | Over the Air (OTA) HDTV |
OTT - Over The Top | PAL | PAL to NTSC | PANASONIC Digital Cameras (DIGICAMS) Reviews | PANASONIC DSLR Reviews | PAP | Paper Sizes | PASSIVE 3D | Passive Matrix LCD | PCM | PENTAX DSLR Reviews | Photo Editing, NON-PhotoShop | Photo Editing - FREE RESOURCES | PHOTOSHOP | Picture Viewers / Editors | PIP | Pixelization | Pixels, Fix Dead | Plasma | Playstation 3 (PS3)| POLARIZING FILTER | POP | Power Cleaners / Filters - 120 VOLT AC | Power Consumption | Power Consumption - Standby | PRINTERS | Printer Info/News | Printer Reviews | Printing Digital Pictures - OnLine, Kiosks or Minilabs | Profile 2.0 (also known as BD-Live) | Profile 3.0 (also known as BD-audio) |
Progressive | ProPhoto RGB | PS3 (Sony) | PS3 vs XBOX 360 | PSIP | PVP-OPM | PVP-UAB | QAM Tuner | QCIF | QT | QVGA | RA | RAM | RAW / RAW IMAGES | Rear Projection TVs | Receivers | Reel60 | REFERENCES | Refresh Rates (vertical, video) | Reon-VX HQV | Response Time | RESOLUTION | Resolution HDTV | Resolution (Pixels) | RF | RFCs | RG-6 | RG-6A | RG6Q - Best coax cable currently available | RG-7 | RGB | RGB Connector | RGBHV (cable) | Road Runner | ROKU - streaming video | ROKU-3 | Root-Kits | ROUTERS | ROUTER REVIEWS | ROXIO | RPC2 | RPT | Sample rate | SAMSUNG Digital Equipment Reviews | SB6141 Cable Modem | SBR | Scalers / Scaling | SCAN RATE | SCANNERS | Scanner Tips | Film Scanners, Film | Scanner Reviews | S-CARD | Screen Grabbers / Capture | SD | SDB | SDTV | SDV | SecuROM | SED | S-IPS | SimpleViewer-Pro (LR3 plug-in) | Slingbox | Smartphone CASES | SONY Digital; Equipment Reviews | Speaker Placement | SPDC | S/PDIF | SPEED CLASS RATINGS of Flash cards | sRGB | srgb.icm | SRS Labs | STANDARDS | Standby Generators | STB | STN | Streaming Audio and Video ||| Streaming HDTV Video Media Players ||| Streaming Services - Netflix, Hulu,... ||| Stuck Pixels |
Surge Protectors | Surge Protectors - WHOLE HOUSE | Surround Sound | SVGA | S-VHS | S-video | SWB | Switched Digital Broadcast | SXRD | sYCC | Sync | TDEL | Telecine | Terrrestrial Tuners & Antennas | Testing Audio and Video and Audio Setups | TFT LCD | THX | THX HDTV Video Display Certification | THX Select2 | THX Surround EX | THX Ultra2 | TIA/EIA-570-A | Time Warner Cable | TiVo | TiVo FIX / HELP | TiVo Hacking & Hacking Books | TiVo Series 2 | TiVo Series 3 | TiVo Premiere (TiVo Series 4) - Digital & HD | TiVo Premiere XL (TiVo Series 4) - Digital & HD | TiVo Premiere Elite (TiVo Series 4) - Digital & HD | TiVo Premiere (TiVo Series 4) - Digital & HD | TN | TN Panel | TOLED | TOSlink | Tru2Way | TrueHD (Dolby) | TV | UDI - Unified Display Interface | Ultra HD (formerly 4K HD Upconvertering |
UPS / AVR | UPS / AVR BATTERIES | Upscaling | UXGA | VA Panel | VEIL | Vertical Resolution | VFW | VGA | VGA Connector | VHS | VIDEO | Video Cameras | Video Card Reviews | Video Connectors - pictures and information | Video Conversion Software | Video Conversion - YouTube Videos | Video Help | Video Players (Windows software) | Video Resolutions | Video Sharing (personally shot videos) | Video Switchers | Viewing Distance - HDTV | Vista MCE | VMD | VR | VRAM | Watermarking | WAV | Weak Cable TV Signals - fixing |
Weak Video Signals - fixing | Whole House Standby Generators | Whole House Surge Protectors | Widescreen | WiDi | Windows Video Players | WireFreeHD | Wireless (many standards) | WirelessHD - WiHD | Wireless HDMI | Wireless High definition Interface (WHDI) | Wireless USB | WMA | WMAPro | WMV | Wobulation | WQVGA | WXGA | X-10 | XBOX 360 | XBOX 360 vs PS3 | XCP | XCP2 | XGA | XM | XMB | xvYCC | Y | YCbCr | YCC | YouTube Video Conversion | YPrPb | Z-Wave | ZigBee remote control | Sites of Possible Interest |
Electronics (Stores and Internet) Comparison Shopping (electronics) Camera Discounts
Relevant terms are listed here, alphabetically. Not all terms have "Jump Table" entries (the above table). Note: Lots more information on Terms may be found at: Click here for Acronyms.


High Definition (HD) television (HDTV) is finally becoming available, and is capable of providing a much more detailed video picture than we in the U.S, have been getting. The older, over-the-air TV signal that you and your parents watched is now referred to as NTSC or Standard Definition, (SD) TV. See also: Digital-to-Anlog Converter Boxes HDTV's most popular resolutions are 720p and 1080i. To be considered an HDTV, requires a vertical resolution (Vertical Resolution is the number of scanning lines presented by a video display from the top of the display to the bottom) of at least 720p. Horizontal Resolution is the amount of line detail (usually measured in pixels) that can be contained in a video format in each horizontal scanning line. The 'i' stands for interlaced; the 'p' stands for progressive scan. INTERLACED - Not all vertical lines of the video picture are displayed at once. Usually half the lines are displayed at a time, and all lines are displayed 30 times a minutes (standard TV). PROGRESSIVE/PROGRESSIVE SCAN/NON-INTERLACED - All lines of a video picture are displayed at once, from top to bottom, instead of displaying some, then displaying the others (interlaced). HDTV's are wider than Standard Definition (SD) TVs, and have an aspect ratio of 1.78:1 (16 by 9). 16x9 means that, for example, if your set's screen size were 16 inches wide, it would have a screen height of 9 inches (the ratio 16 to 9). Five best matte-screen TVs for bright rooms - July 13, 2013 Plasma vs. LCD vs. LED: Which HDTV Type is Best? - LED vs CCFL Backlights for LCD TVs - HDTV Backlighting Guide - NO DATE LED-backlit LCD display - Wikipedia HDTVs might be REQUIRED to have HDMI connectors in-order-to view HDTV content via AACS's DRM (Digital Rights Management). In fact, the same is expected to hold true for both Blu-ray DVDs and HD-DVDs. If AACS is used, then we can expect that HD video signals NOT handled by HDMI and AACS, will be forced into a lower quality video resolution (down-rezzing), such as 480i. HDMI is a fairly new specification for transferring both video and audio signals in a secure manner (so that hackers can't make copies of High Definition movies). The latest HDMI Spec is version 1.2a, with version HDMI 1.3 on it's way. It is expected that, sometime in the future, NO High Definition signals will allowed to be viewed on TVs/Monitors that do NOT have HDMI inputs and that do not comply with the HDCP specification. HDMI and other forms of Copy Protection and Digital Rights Management (DRM), may prevent you from being able to view high definition content on your HD equipment. BE VERY CAREFUL THAT WHAT YOU BUY WILL WORK WITH THE COMING DRM (Digital Rights Management) RESTRICTIONS. SEE ALSO: COPY PROTECTION, AACS, and HDCP. I would only buy an HDTV set that has at least Two HDMI inputs. It MUST have one HDMI input, or you may not be able tO view High Definition video content If you are buying an HDTV set, ensure that it can display at least 1080i, preferably, 1080p. Because no movie is shot at a 1.78:1 aspect ratio, there will still be black bars at the top and bottom of the screen on any movie that isn't cropped to fit 1.78:1, or if the TV (display) doesn't have the ability to adjust the display to compensate. The aspect ratio of a standard definition TVs (also called "NTSC") is 1.33:1 (4 by 3). Most movies are now shot at 1.85.1, and are cropped to get 1.78:1 (HDTV aspect ratio). Other movies, shot at 2.35:1 are usually not cropped to 1.78:1. The HDTV aspect ratio of 1.78:1 was choosen as a compromise between the typical 1.85:1 (Movies) and the older, standard TV ration of 1.33:1. Movies (DVDs) marked "ANAMORPHIC" are video enhanced for Widescreen TVs (1.78:1). Many news shows now shoot in 1080p (typically 24 or 30 frames per second refresh rate), but the highest HD broadcast and pre-recorded content is 1080i (4/2006). Digital recording is done a 30 frames per second, and filrm is recorded at 24 fps. One of the (usual) tasks of Scalers is to convert from one pseed to another. Smart Scalers can detect the rate (24 or 30 fps) at which the video content was originally shot, and using this knowledge, automatically adjust the video to create a better looking picture. 1080p HDTVs are now being sold. Some are actually outputting 1080i at twice the speed, which may, acording to Digital TV and Sound, cause a less bright picture. Note that my PERSONAL preference (some agree with me, some don't) is Toshiba, then Samsung, for the larger HDTVs (4/2006). Be certain to check on the reliability of sets sold by a specific vendor. Another format found on some TVs sold in the US is: "14:9" (centered). 14:9 video pillarboxed inside a 16:9 frame or letterboxed inside a 4:3 frame". 14:9 is a BBC invention, and has not caught in the US. There is a defined, but unused, part of the HDTV specification that would allow more information about the HD video content to be sent along with the video, allowing HDTVs to do a much better job of automatically determining how to display the HD video content. Determining the ideal viewing Distance - Click here for the info. HDTVs have a Native Resolution, and convert incoming signals to this resolution. I suggest that you purchase a true HDTV, and not an Enhanced Definition (ED) TV. Your HDTV's native resolution will either be interlaced (i) or non-interlaced (Progressive) [p]), and incoming video signals will either be deinterlaced or interlaced, if needed. Don't lose any sleep over the concepts of interlaced or deinterlaced (Progressive scan) - just ensure that you like the video quality (take a test drive). Click here for earlier Video resolutions (DVD, VHS,...) The same hardware that does the interlacing or de-interlacing often handles the job of creating additional video detail (upconverting / upscaling) or downconverting / downsizing the incoming video signal to match the characteristics of the video display. Hardware that does this conversion is usually called a scaler, and scalers may be built into your video display, or sold as a stand-alone unit. Click here for more information about Scalers MY RECOMMENDATIONS FOR HDTV EQUIPMENT: ====================================== 1] BE VERY CAREFUL THAT WHAT YOU BUY WILL WORK WITH THE COMING DRM (Digital Rights Management) RESTRICTIONS. SEE ALSO: COPY PROTECTION. 2] Ensure that the TV/Monitor has at least one HDMI input, or you may not be able to view High definition video content. More HDMI inputs is better! 3] If you are buying an HDTV set, ensure that it can display at least 1080i, preferably, 1080p. 4] Buy only a 16x9 formatted TV/Monitor. 5] Ensure that the TV/Monitor can Downconvert, so that the older 4x3 video content can be well displayed on your 16x9 aspect ratio High Definition TV/Monitor. 6] I would ensure that the TV/Monitor can upconvert lower resolution video content. 7] View the proposed HDTV at a similar distance and lighting level that you will have at your house. 8] If want to you get a large screen HDTV, try to view analog (NTSC) TV signals on it, to ensure that you will be happy viewing non-digital TV signals. Some people are not happy viewing analog TV signals on large screen HDTVs with high vertical resolution. My family is very happy with even analog video on my Toshiba 72 inch DLP Widescreen. Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules HDTV-Resolution And TV Picture Quality HDTV Defined How to Calibrate Your HDTV - PC World HDTV Buyers Guide (things to look for) Digital TV: A Cringely Crash Course HDTV brochure - pdf - CEA / PCworld How HDTV Works - Howstuffworks HDTV in Plain English HDTV Pub - High Definition Hardware, local DTV information and more... High Definition Television FAQ by Richard Gillmann HDTV World INFORMATION - HDTV DEFINITIONS - HDTV Definitions - HD Beat Digital - HDTV Glossary High-definition television - wikipedia HDTV - webopedia HDTV - High Definition Television - FAQ and Diagonal size to height and wide dimensions high-definition television - HDTV Issues, Coding, Transmission - Keith Price's Bibliography What Is HDTV: Aspec Ratio, Resolution, Displays,... - digitalhelper HDTV Info - Crutchfield Advisor ExtremeTech's HDTV Buying Guide Should you buy a wide-screen TV? HDTV World (c/net) Digital Television (DTV) Tomorrow's TV Today! - HDTVexpert HDTV Galaxy CEA - Consumer Electronics Association Digital Television (DTV) Tomorrow's TV Today! - HTV Dot Org Codec (definition) - High-Definition Television Talk High Def Forum THE BASICS OF DIGITAL TELEVISION - AVS FORUM HDTV Links MOV (definition) QuickTime (definition) Inside Look at Cables and Connectors How Televisions Work HDTV - AV Science Forum HDTV Listings IP HDTV A LARGE PART OF THIS WEB PAGE IS DEVOTED TO HDTV RELATED SUBJECTS - SKIM THIS PAGE. SEE ALSO THESE TECHNOLOGIES BEING USED FOR HDTV: See also: 3D Television See also: DLP - Digital Light Processing See also: FOLED - Flexible OLED See also: LASER TV See also: LEDDLP See also: LCD - Liquid Crystal Display See also: LCOS - Liquid Crystal on Silicon See also: Micro-Displays See also: OLED - Organic LEDs See also: SED - surface-conduction electron-emitter display See also: SXRD - Silicon X-tal Reflective Display - Sony's version of LCoS See also: TOLED - Transparent OLEDs

HDTV Capable or Digital Ready TV sets

The terms capable and ready mean that the TV requires additional tuners or cable boxes to process Digital and possibly HD video signals. Digital Ready does NOT normally mean HD Ready.


HDMI version 1.4 & 2.0 are out Loyd Installs HDTV Antenna-Hilarity Ensues Motorola Chip Could Boost Digital TV Reception

HDTV, Related Definitions

AVI (definition) CD-ROM (definition) CD-ROM Drive (definition) Codec (definition) DVD (definition) MOV (definition) MPEG2 (definition) QuickTime (definition) Video for Windows (definition)


Toshiba 72 inch DLP Rear Projection HDTVs - You may not agree

Toshiba 72MX195 Accepts 1080p from a PC's video card (15 pin connector) Toshiba 72HM195 Does NOT Accept 1080p from a PC's video card

HDTV REVIEWS (I know nothing about these links)

HDTV Lounge

THE REST OF MY DIGITAL INFORMATION WEB PAGE 1.33:1 - Standard TV's 4 by 3 aspect ratio. 1.33:1 = 4x3 = FULL SCREEN = NTSC (older, analog) screen aspect ratios. 1.37 - "Academy format" 35mm film (standard non-anamorphic full frame with sound) has an aspect ratio of 1.37 to 1. 1.50 - VistaVision (obsolete) 1.66:1 - When a film is transferred to DVD in this aspect ratio, it will have very small black bars on a standard 1.33:1 TV screen. European. Often called 1.67 1.78:1 - HDTV aspect ratio. Also called 16x9. 1.85:1 - American theatrical standard Films transferred to DVD in this ratio will have somewhat larger black bars, but still less than a third of the available space on a standard TV screen. Widely seen in the US. Click for more info on 1.85:1 2-3 Pulldown - A method of translating material originally shot at 24 frames per second (film) to 30 (really 29.97)frames per second (fps>) (digital). All movies shot on film have been shot at the rate of 24 frames per second. Digital recording is done a 30 frames per second. One of the (usual) tasks of Scalers is to convert from one speed to another. Smart Scalers can detect the rate (24 or 30 fps) at which the video content was originally shot, and using this knowledge, automatically adjust the video signal to create a better looking picture. 2.35:1 - Films on DVD in this aspect ratio will have very large black bars, roughly 40% of the available display area. Epic films and some new stuff. Also called: Scope. Click for more info on 2.35:1 2.39:1 - Anamorphic widescreen. "Academy format" 35mm film (standard non-anamorphic full frame with sound) has an aspect ratio of 1.37 to 1. 3:1:1 - Color Sampling - The Luma is sampled at a rate of 75%, and each of the two Color Componments are sampled at 1/3 the rate of the Luma signal. See also Color Sampling 3-2 Pulldown - An uncommon variation of 2-3 pulldown. The frame is repeated 3 times, instead of the usual 2. People who say "3-2 Pulldown" usually mean "2-3 pulldown".

3D HDTV - Information and How to Buy

Last I knew, there were THREE (3) (major), very different, Competing 3D television standards (1] Anaglyph, 2] Stereoscopic and 3] Auto-steroscopic). 3D TV sets are expected to be a large percentage of all sets shipped in 2013. ACTIVE 3D vs. PASSIVE 3D: What's better? 3D TV FAQ - 1/2011 - CNET Welcome to the 12 Step 3D TV Buying Guide! NOTE: if using HDMI, HDMI 1.4a (or later) is REQUIRED to transport 3D signals. If you cable, A/V receiver, or TV uses an older HDMI standard, you will NOT be able to view 3D TV information. Of course, your TV must be able to handle 3D material. A minimum (input and output) refresh rate of 120 Hz is generally required for good 3D viewing. glasses may be sold separately. 3D display 3D television - Wikipedia Buy a 3D TV Now or Wait? - 3D TV has arrived, but glitches remain - Signal Strength - CNET News 3D TV, 3D Movies, 3D Sky set-top boxes and TV Sets - All 3D TV Intelsat HBO Downplay Impact of 3D Television on Bandwidth Demand ... Format war looms over 3D TV - tech - 11 February 2009 - New Scientist Microsoft PowerPoint - 415 Impacts of 3D Television on Video and ... - PDF - COMCAST Panasonic 3D VIERA HDTVs Samsung 3D Television See also: Lenticular Lens - also used for some 3D Television .3gp and .3g2 are used by mobile phones and are a Super-set of MP4. ( 4:1:1 - Color Sampling - Consider the "4" to be 100%. The Luma is sampled at 100% and the two Color Components are sampled at 25% (each) of the Luma signal. See also Color Sampling 4:2:0 - The component digital video format used by DVD. There is one Cr and one Cb signal sample for every every four Y samples. See also Color Sampling 4:2:2 - Color Sampling - Consider the "4" to be 100%. The Luma is sampled at 100% and the two Color Componets are sampled at 50% (each) of the Luma signal. See also Color Sampling 4x3 - Old style, NTSC TV screen proportions, 4x wide by 3x high. Also called: 1.33:1 = 4x3 = FULL SCREEN = NTSC (older, analog) screen aspect ratios. Click for more info on 4x3 4:4:4 - Color Sampling - Each signal is sampled at 100% and all three signals are sampled at the same rate. See also Color Sampling 4K - A new standard for digital displays. 4K is a display resolution of 4,096 x 2,160 pixels (8.8 mega-pixels). Manufacturers have been demoing a 4K signal allowing the display of four simultaneous 1080p pictures. A 4K movie would not even fit on a 50GB blu-ray DVD - it would probably require a 300GB DVD (does not currently exist). While 4K has more picture content than HD, it is NOT considered HD. The maximum resolution for HD is 1080p, far less than either 4K or 8K. 4K resolution - Wikipedia Well, that has changed - 4K HD is now called "Ultra HD", "UHDTV" or "Ultra High Definition". CEA Designates 4K As "Ultra HD" Hmmm - I'm also seeing 4K called: 3840 x 2160 resolution. Note that in 4K, the first number is the Horizontal Resolution, whereas normally the first number is the number of vertical pixles. Studios have agreed on both 4K and 2K standards for digital movies. 2K and 4K projectors have already been installed in some theaters. 4K (now called Ultra HD) SETS WILL BE RELEASED IN 2012: LG, Sharp, Sony and others. UD (Ultra-definition TV) starts at 4K (resolution) and includes 8K (2/2012). Currently there is no 4K nor 8K content, except for Digital cinema video, but UD TVs and some Blu-Ray players can upconvert 1080p to quasi-4K resolution. 4K resolution - wikipedia Is UHDTV the Next Big Thing in HDTV? (Will 2160p Be the New 1080p?) 4K resolution Definition: TechEncyclopedia from TechWeb D-Cinema Technologies Gadgets: Sony's Ultra HD 4K Projector Isn't Quite 4K 4K resolution Definition See also: 3D TV SETS See also: 8K TV SETS See also: CINEMA 21:9 HDMI 1.4a (required for 3D over HDMI) See also: UD - Ultra-definition TV See also: 1080p See also: 1080i 5K - 5K is Apples new High resolution. Apple does some manipulation to create a 5K dispaly from 4K of data. 5.1 - 5.1 Surround Sound - consists of 5 full range speakers (2 front mains, 1 front center channel and 2 rear surrounds) along with a low frequency effects channel (the .1). Most DVDs (1/2006) are encoded in either DTS 5.1 or Dolby Digital 5.1. Dolby Digital is supposed to mean Dolby Digital 5.1 or 6.1 Surround Sound. History and Basics of Surround Sound A Surround-Sound Primer - PC World See also DOLBY See also DTS 525/60 - 525 lines per frame, 60 interlaced fields - the analog NTSC TV spec. 6.1 - 6.1 Surround Sound - Adds (to 5.1) a center rear, to make transitions more natural. 7.1 - 7.1 Surround Sound - Has three front speakers, two surrounds at about the same location as the listener and two rear surrounds. There are no 7.1 encoded movies yet (1/2006), so the receiver has to decode it from 5.1 or 6.1 sources. ecoustics discussion of 7.1 surround sound Dolby Digital EX allows 7.1 sound. 7.1 will be available on some Blu-Ray DVDs. 7.2 - 7.2 Surround Sound 8.1 - 8.1 Surround Sound. Dolby's TrueHD and the latest DTS audio formats for HD-DVD and Blu-Ray High Definition DVDs will contain 8.1 surround sound. 8K - HD resolutions of 7680 x 4320 While 8K has more picture content than HD, it is NOT considered HD. The maximum resolution for HD is 1080p, far less than either 4K or 8K. 8K TV is coming: Can networks cope? - LinkedIN 8K TV is coming, with the Tokyo 2020 Olympics promised to be the first major 8K TV transmission. ... UD (Ultra-definition TV) starts at 4K (resolution) and includes 8K (2/2012). See also: 3D TV SETS See also: 4K TV SETS See also: CINEMA 21:9 HDMI 1.4a (required for 3D over HDMI) See also: UD - Ultra-definition TV See also: 1080p See also: 1080i 9.1 - 9.1 - Dolby Pro Logic IIz Introduces 9.1 Sound 9.2 - With Receivers Packing 9.2 Performance - How Many Channels of Surround Are Too Many? Product News: Ready to Bump Your Surround Sound to 9.2? With Receivers Packing 9.2 Performance - How Many Channels of Surround Are Too Many? Front L & R Center: Surround L & R Surround Back L & R Front High & Wide - These are the two new channels beyond the "7". The ".2" is for independent left and right subwoofer zones 15 pin VGA - The standard computer VGA connector for computer monitors. Also called: an RGB Connector and D-sub 15, There is even a mini sub D15 connector. VGA is being phased out as a computer monitor standard. 16x9 - HDTV's 1.78 aspect ratio. See also 1.78 aspect ration. 24 fps - All movies recorded on film are recorded at 24 frames per second (fps. Digital recording is done at 30 frames per second. If viewing video recorded on film, but viewed on a Digital TV, the video image needs to be converted from 24 frames per second, to the faster 30 frames per second. One of the usual duties of a Scaler is to make this conversion. 30 fps - Video recorded digitally is recorded at 30 frames per second (fps). 330 lines of vertical resolution is about all you can expect from an NTSC broadcast (viewing an analog [not Digital] TV station) 480i - 480 vertical lines of inter-laced video content - NOT an HDTV format. Standard (Definition) TV (SD) has 480 lines of vertical resolution and is named "480i" (at its very best - typical over-the-air SD signals are about 330 lines of vertical resolution. "480i" is also referred to as component video quality. The best source of 480i video is the DVD. With other 480i sources, results may vary. The trouble with 480i is that it was not designed for TVs larger than 19 inches. 480p - 480 vertical lines of progressive-scan video content. Some DVD players can upconvert to 480p. 720p - 720 vertical lines of Progressive (NON-interlaced) video content. 720p is the lowest quality, true HDTV format. 960x540 - If AACS Digital Rights Management (DRM) is used to force downresolution (down-rezz) of HD signals carried by non-HDMI cables, 960x540 is the expected result, but you could also get a blank screen. Earlier rumors stated that down-rezz would result in 480p, 480i, or a blank screen (on some monitors). 1080i - 1080 lines of inter-laced vertical video resolution - this IS an HDTV format. 1080i and/or 5.1 audio needs closer to a 3GHz. CPU - I don't know about needed multi-core CPU speeds. 1080p - 1080 lines of Progressive vertical (NON-laced video content - this exceeds an HDTV format. HDTVs with 1080p are now available, 1080p computer monitors are (5/2007) now at Costco (in the mainstream). Currently, 5/2007, there is no method of creating true 1080p TV (without upscaling, also known as upconverting / up-converting), although this situation will change. 1080p Prosumer video cameras are becoming (5/2007) available. 1080p - is 1920 horizontal lines by 1080 progressive lines of video display. If you get 1080p, ensure that you are getting 1920 horizontal lines of resolution. Click for more info on Scalers Some 1080p sets actually process the signal as 1080i, drop half the input data, and re-generate this data by computer interpolation, then outputing the picture at twice normal speed (see the next paragraph). Texas Instruments current (12/2005) crop of 1080p light engines don't actually have a grid of 1920 x 1080. Instead they use half that many. Each frame is interlaced horizonatally. The TV displays alternate columns of pixels at a time, but twice as quickly as the original frame so that your eyes don't notice (Digital TV and Sound, Winter, 2005.

AAC - Advanced Audio Coding

AAC is a compressed audio format. Can be lossy or lossless for full quality. Also contains DRM to prevent playback on systems in the case of purchased music. AIFF is just a sound format that predates AAC, MP3, etc. It is often associated with recording high quality sounds or low quality sounds, depending on what sampling rate you choose. Neither one is inherently low or high quality. Of course, if you like the sound, what else really matters. .aac files are raw aac audio data (not encapsulated in MP4). ( AAC files can easily be used to make M4A/MP4 files.

AACS - Advanced Access Control System

A specification for guarding next-generation optical-media content created by the film, electronics, and software industries. Note, Only the not-yet-released Windows Vista operating system will allow you to play DVDs with AACS on your Windows PC. AACS could require that only HDTVs equipped with a (digital) HDMI, connector could view 720p, 1080i and 1080p video formats. HDTVs without an HDMI connector, could be forced to view only 480i (component video) formats, or 480p, not HDTV formats, or perhaps even get a blank screen. 780p - There is no 780p HD (high-definition) signal, but it’s a common mistake. There is a 768p, but even that is more often lumped in with the 720p standard. What’s the difference between 780p and 1080p HDTV? Hmm - later AACS articles another states that the enforced downsize would be 960x540 (or a blank screen). Not all monitors can handle 960x540. AACS was developed by IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Matsushita, Sony, Toshiba, Walt Disney and Warmer Brothers. Studios claim that AACS won't be used until the year 2011. Click here for more 960x540 information Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules


Now called Dolby Digital 5.1 (Surround Sound) 5.1 audio needs closer to a 3GHz. CPU - I don't know about needed multi-core CPU speeds. Comparison between AC-3, Home THX and DTS 5.1 Surround Sound Dolby

Active Matrix LCD Display

Active Matrix LCD displays generally have a brighter, sharper display, and with their wider viewing angle than Passive Matrix Displays, Active Matrix computer Displays can be seen by more than one person. Because there are more transistors in an Active Matrix display, there is more of a chance for dead pixels. There are tricks used to increase the lifespan of of a pixel.


ambient light - Wikipedia AMLCD = Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display. more TFT LCD = Thin film transistor (active) liquid crystal display. more Active-matrix liquid crystal display - Wikipedia HowStuffWorks "Passive and Active Matrix" What is active matrix display? - A Word Definition Active Matrix LCD Manufacturers and Suppliers Active Matrix LCD with Integrated Optical Touch Screen - PDF

Adobe RGB 1998

sRGB vs. ADOBE RGB 1998 See also: RGB See also: sRGB

Aero - graphics card spec - a Windows Vista option

Microsoft has defined a new class of Windows Graphics Cards, called "Aero". Microsoft Lists five quantities that a Windows Aero graphics card must have/do: 1] Run Direct-X 9 on a GPU (not using the CPU for Direct-X functions). 2] Utilize a WDDM driver (not a .sys driver). But a WDDM driver must have OPM (Output Protection Management) - (DRM). 3] Support Pixel Shader 2.0 4] Utilize at least 32-bits of information per pixel. 5] Have sufficient memory. AES - Audio Engineering Society. AGC - Automatic Gain Control. Macrovision likes to mess with this, which can cause the video being viewed to become lighter and darker (not intended by the video editor, but a symptom of Macrovision).

AIE - Automatic Image Enhancement

Xerox has invented printer software that automatically adjusts small areas in a picture, at a time, to correct contrast problems. This technique is called local contrast enhancement. Xerox has named their technique AIE - Automatic Image Enhancement. AIE will soon be found in xerox printers, and may be included in image enhacement software. AIFF - Audio Interchange File Format - created by Apple computer. AIFF is a sound format that predates AAC, MP3, etc. What is AIFF? - webopedia Aliasing - A distortion in the video or audio reproduction caused by having a signal's frequency being more than twice the sampling frequency.


Active-Matrix Organic Light-Emitting Diode. A stack of organic polymers, including layers of conductive and emissive layers are deposited on a Thin-Film Transister (TFT> substrate (used in some LCD displays). each pixel is controlled by from one to four transistors. The TFT technology provides the best resolution of all the flat-panel techniques, but it is also the most expensive. My friend just bought an LG 65 inch amoled HDTV - price over $ 12,000 - 7/18/2018. AMOLED is the most likely form of OLED to be widely used in TVs.


An analog or analog signal is any variable signal continuous in both time and amplitude. The analog signal can have any value, whereas Digital signals are either an ON ('1') or OFF (0') (discrete signals) Analog Signals - wikipedia

Analog Hole

Bill H.R. 4569 would require all analog recording and converting equipment to detect Watermarking via the use of VEIL-II. Analog Hole - analog reconversion issue See also COPY PROTECTION anamorphic - video enhanced for Widescreen TVs (aspect ratio 1.78:1 [also called "16 by 9"]) Click for more info on 16x9 ANAMORPHIC FAT - makes objects on the screen appear to be widened. Angle - Some DVDs allow the viewer to change the angle of view, as though the camera is moved to a different position.


I know nothing about these sites (Caveat Emptor) Better than Antennaweb Titan TV - from the Apple Store PSIP Org See LOTS more information about Terrrestrial Tuners (OTA) & Antennas See also ATSC see LOTS more information about OTA (Over The Air) APS - Analog Protection System

ARccOS - DVD-Video Copy Control

Sony's DVD-Video Copy Control. ARccOS is based on producing unreadable sectors on the disc in the similar manner to the Audio CD copy protections. In the strictest sense these DVDs aren't actually DVD Video discs, but crippled discs that happen to work on most DVD players. ARccOS works by creating unreadable sectors on a DVD similarly to the method used to protect audio CDs. These DVDs do not follow the DVD spec and I believe that I read that Sony was being sued for calling their ARccOS protected DVDs, "DVD's", as they violate the DVD specification. Sony apparently started using ARccOS in 2004, and has supposedly moved on (Feb, 2006) to Root-Kits and other forms of Digital Rights Management (DRM). However, Wikipedia states that some DVDs Sony released in April, 2006, use AAccOS. Sony's ARccOS site ARccOS - afterdawn ARccOS DRM - Wikipedia

ASA - Advanced Speaker Array (THX)

ASA is a proprietary THX technology which processes the sound fed to 2 side and 2 back surround sound speakers to optimize the THX experience.

ASF - Microsoft's proprietary audio/digital video format

Advanced Systems Format ASF - Wikipedia File Extension .ASF Details Microsoft Windows Media - Advanced Systems Format (ASF) Specification


The ratio of the number of horizontal scan lines vs vertical scan lines. What are some common aspect ratios? Aspect ratio (image) To top off the confusion about aspect ratios, now over 85% of all new Film Movies being produced and released on DVD/Blu-ray are shot at a 2:35 ratio, so even a 16:9 WILL have black bars! (unless some sort of aspect ratio cropping by the TV is done) In Europe and Japan (12/2008) the 16:9 (1.78:1) aspect ratio is most broadcast (and required by law, in some cases), but, of course, there is a huge legacy of 4:3 (12:9, 1.33:1) TV screens, so some broadcasters have used 14:9 for interim transmissions. The trend is certainly towards 16:9. Although there have been experiments in other aspect ratios, and 2.4:1 is still used in many blockbuster movies, only 16:9 (and legacy 4:3) is in any broadcast standard. As for existing TVs, the vast majority remain 4:3, though 16:9 is already a substantial proportion. Some older widescreen LCDs (and a few other TV displays) have 5:3 (1.67:1), 8:5 (1.6:1, often called 16:10), and 3:2 (1.5:1) aspect ratios. Artifact - An introduced effect that was not present in the original video or audio. Artifacts are sometimes called "noise", as they have corrupted the signal. ASV - Audio Still Video - a still (not in motion) picture on a DVD-Audio disk. An ATSC (Advanced Television Standard Committee) tuner just means "an over-the-air, HDTV or digital TV tuner Note that a digital TV is not necessary an HDTV.


ATSC-H/M is a new mobile TV specification that will use a small portion of the HDTV spectrum to broadcast a simultaneous, backward-compatible, mobile TV signal (digital) for use on mobile devices. This spec is not yet (5/2007) finalized. ATV - Advanced Television. There is no standard meaning, other than ATVs have significantly better audio and video than a standard TV (SD). I believe that the term ATV is disappearing from American jargon.


Hydrogenuudio - Probably THE newsgroup for advanced, high quality audio encoding Capturing Audio, Part 2 Total Recorder Professional Edition 5.2 - $33 Unlock Protected Music THAT YOU OWN extracts digital audio from CDs - now free See also Audio Connections History and Basics of Surround Sound The State of PC Audio See also 5.1 Surround Sound See also Dolby See also DTS See also ogg Vorbis See also THX


Virtual Burn software - filetransit See also: DRM removal Authoring - For video, this refers to the person(s) creating the video. For DVD-ROM, it usually refers to the actual software used to create the DVD-ROM. A/V - Audio Video. A/V Receivers


A new (9/2006) HD format that uses the MPEG-4 AVC video codec for camrecorders ONLY. At this time, 10/30/2006, only Sony software can read this format. Word is Apple will update iMovie and Final Cut Pro to work with it. AVCHD - wikipedia

AVI - Microsoft's Audio Video Interleaved

AVI seems to be on it's way out. AVI (definition) AVR - Audio/Video Receiver. A Tuner [AM/FM, perhaps XM and HD-FM], Pre-amplifier and amplifier that can process both audio and video signals. AVRs normally contain both audio and video CODECs to decode audio and vidio signals containing surround sound, video compression and perhaps, Digital Rights Management [DRM] (Copy Protection) information. See also UPS with AVR (Automatic Voltage Regulation).


backlighting Backlights are used to increase readability in low light conditions, Bi-amping: Two schemes exist to use multiple amplifiers in a traditional two-channel audio system. You can dedicate one amp per channel [horizontal bi-amping] or dedicate one amp for the tweeter/midrange band, the other for the bass register [vertical bi-amping]. Horizontal bi-amping requires identical amplifiers. Vertical bi-amping relegates the more powerful amp to drive the left/right channel woofers while the smaller amp drives the mid/tweeter drivers. Vertical bi-amping requires a means to adjust the output levels between both amps to avoid that the more powerful amplifier will cause a tonal imbalance of bloated and excessive bass. Means for adjustments are either input level controls on one of the amps or trim pots on an external crossover. Non-identical amplifiers in vertical bi-amp schemes will add their unique sonic signature to the respective frequency range they cover. This may or may not be audible and beneficial. See also Bi-Wiring Bipolar/dipolar: A loudspeaker in which either the drivers' rear waves aren't absorbed by a cabinet but allowed to freely propagate into the room, or rear-firing drivers have been added instead. All panel loudspeakers [electrostats and planar-magnetics] radiate front and back, with all backfiring radiation out-of-phase or dipolar. Dynamic designs with both front- and rear-firing drivers can be in-phase/bipolar or out-of-phase/dipolar. Sometimes, a switch can select between either mode. In designs using only front-firing conventional dynamic drivers that are mounted into an open-backed baffle or where the rear wave exits through a tunnel, the rear-wave is naturally out-of-phase [examples of this style are speakers by Alon and the new Futures by Proac]. bit - A binary digit - the smallest piece of digital data possible. bit rate - The number of bits (data sent) measured over a specified time - also called the data rate. Bi-wiring: Speakers with dual binding post pairs can be bi-wired. This means running two pairs of speaker cables between amp and speaker. This can be done in shotgun or internal bi-wire mode. In shot-gun mode, both cable pairs remain physically separate up to the amplifier where the two plus and minus legs are tied together into a common spade or banana terminal. Internally bi-wired cables require a minimum of four conductors that are then terminated as two leads on the amp, and four leads on the speaker end. Bi-wiring electrically separates the woofer from the tweeter or mid/tweeter circuit and isolates potential back-EMF [electromotive force] from the woofer at the amp instead of bleeding back into the tweeter or mid/tweeter circuit. Bi-wirable speakers connected in standard single-wire mode must have their jumpers installed so that both the hi- and low frequency drive units receive amplifier signal. In many cases, jumpers made with the same raw wire as the chosen speaker cable will sonically outperform manufacturer-provided jumpers. The subject of bi-wiring is a disputed topic even among loudspeaker manufacturer and the presence or absence of dual terminal pairs on a loudspeaker doesn't give any indication as to the design's sonic quality. See also Bi-amping

Blurring (motion blur or ghosting )

1] If you have a TV, and it can not handle the fast motion of some of the action scenes, resulting in blurring at the location of the fastest action. I see this most often in LCD TVs and in some of the cheaper plasma sets. a] For gamers and fast action movies, you want an LCD monitor with a response time of 3 microsseconds, or LESS. b] Faster LCD refresh rates help decrease pizelization - more expensive LCD sets have a ACTUAL refresh rate of 120 Hz (120 times a second). Some expensive LCD rates are even using quad-rate refreshing (240 Hz), c) A lot of manufacturers are now using software to provide higher effective Refresh Rates - the software does not work as well as a tru, native, refresh rate of the same "speed". See also 120 Hz

Blu-ray - Sony's HD DVD format

DID compete with HD-DVD. NOTE: Blu-ray won the format war with HD-DVD. Price Barrier to Blu-ray Falling Away? $ 129 from BestBuy - 6/22/2009 To top off the confusion about aspect ratios, now over 85% of all new Film Movies being produced and released on DVD/Blu-ray are shot at a 2:35 ratio, so even a 16:9 WILL have black bars! (unless some sort of aspect ratio cropping by the TV is done) Blu-ray requires new DVD stamping machinery, HD-DVD does not. 23.3 to 27 GB per a single layer disk. Multilayer disks can have Eight (8) layers, allowing a total of 200 GBs per 8-layered Blu-ray disk. Blu-ray disks come with a very strong, TDK developed polymer anti-scratch coating. Backwards compatiblity (to CD/DVDs) is optional (requires a second laser). Blueray going to 1 TB (Terra Byte of data capacity) - 10/2007. A new (5/2006), ugly problem is that withOUT at least an HDMI version 1.3, connection, your HDMI probably can't handle the high speed, high bandwith of the newer lossless AUDIO content used by Dolby's TrueHD and DTS from either Blu-ray or HD-DVD. NOTE: Blu-ray won the format war with HD-DVD. Free CD / DVD Burning software - even burns Blu-Ray DVDs Profile 3.0 (also known as BD-Audio): Profile 3.0 is a separate audio only player profile. Profile 3.0 has been released. Blu-ray Disc - wikipedia Profile 3 (audio only)? - Blu-ray Forum This is the official web site of the Blu-ray Disc Association Profile 2.0 (also known as BD-Live) - IS released: Profile 2.0 adds: 1] Internet-enabled features, such as downloading movie trailers. 2] 1GB of local storage capability - probably by a method to add storage Profile 2.0 - cnet MMC, Mandatory Managed Copy, lets you make at least one copy of an HD-DVD or Blu-Ray disc to send to a server or a portable player. Click here for more MMC information. Dolby TrueHD (8 audio channels) is optional on Blu-Ray DVDs. Broadcom Unveils Blu-ray/HD DVD SoC Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules

Blu-ray BD-J (BD-Java)

Blu-ray BD-J (BD-Java) Guide Blu-ray BD-J (BD-Java) Guide Movies: Problems With Blu-ray's BD-J Spec Causes Headaches For ... Blu-Ray Disc Specifications Updating To Include BD Java PC World - New Specs for Next-Generation Blu-ray Players BD-Java interactive capability | Video Players and Recorders ... BD-Java | High-Def Digest Blu-ray Disc - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - wikipedia


Wikipedia - "Boxee is a cross-platform freeware home theater PC (HTPC) program with a 10-foot user interface and social networking features designed for the living-room TV." Streaming Netflix is available, along with Hulu. Boxee - Wikipedia Boxee - LEGALITY - Wikipedia Cut the Cable For Good with Boxee and Apple TV - Boxee - Lifehacker Hands-On With the Boxee Set-Top Box and Remote - Gadget Lab - 1/8/2010 How To Get Started With Boxee Video - Music & Video - How to Reinstall a Working Hulu in Boxee - Boxee - Lifehacker Boxee - Home Site Boxee Blog Boxee DOWNLOADS Boxee FORUM boxee on Vimeo Boxee Is XBMC with Newer Look and Social Flair Boxee and D-Link Unveil The Boxee Box with Hulu, Netflix Boxee reviews ( on blippr boxee remote for iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad on the iTunes App Store Install Boxee or XBMC on an Apple TV Boxee Windows Media Center Integration How To: Max Out Apple TV's Potential With Boxee - Boxee on apple ... (Boxee) DevWiki See also: HULU See also: NETFLIX


What is LCD Monitor Brightness? - FAQ Brightness and Contrast controls Monitor Calibration Color Management for Digital Photographers For Dummies How to Calibrate Your Monitor's Brightness and Contrast Downloads - Monitor Brightness Reducer 1.0 Freeware Software Monitor calibration and gamma Monitor brightness Problem Solving at FixYa nits - Candela per square metre - a (video / SI) measure of brightness. more


Some of us have extensive broadband coaxial cable runs (HDTV, Digital TV, TV and Road Runner). We end up splitting the cable signal a number of times and often find that our signal strength has become too low for good TV viewing or Internet connections. Therefore, a lot of us are using Motorola's Signal Booster (amplifies both analog and digital signals with a frequency range of 1 GHtz. This amplifier can even be powered via the coax cable. There is currently (7/10/2007) a $30 rebate on this amplifier, so I suspect that it is being phased out. Rumour is, that a new model that exceeds the current 1 GHtz frequency range is coming soon. To check the signal level your ISP is providing to your Motorola Cable Modem: Motorola's Cable Modem Diagnostics and Signal Level:


Using additional exposure to selected areas to make those areas DARKER in the picture (pictures from film). Using a laser to burn "pits" in CDs or DVDs, ie, a DVD burner uses a laser to create content on a CD or DVD. See also Burning DVDs


Burr-Brown was a significant leader in signal processing IC creation. I remember them most for the innovative sound processing algorithms. Burr-Brown was acquired by Texas Instruments Burr-Brown Corporation - Wikipedia


Since cableCARDs are superceded, You do NOT want to buy a device that used CableCARDs (My OPINION) (as they may disappear) - instead, you want a device that uses the newer "Tru2Way". Televisions that support CableCARD should be labeled by the manufacturer as "digital cable ready", or DCR. HOWEVER, it is taking a heckova long time for TRU2WAY to become available (10/2012). There are two versions of CableCARDs: S-CARD Single-Stream -for a single stream (can only view/record one channel at a time) M-CARD Multi-Stream - For viewing/recording more than one channel at a time. What card type (Tru2Way? CableCARD?) does Your cable company support? Will it continue to support CableCARDs (I doubt it - they want you to spend money on interactive purchases). CableCARD is an option for digital cable ready TVs that allows the User to get (rent?) a card from their cable company to decode digital cable signals (no cable box needed). NOTE that some TVs have problems accepting an area's given CableCARD. Note also that not using a cable box means (PRE CableCARD 2.0) that you can't access the cable company's on-screen channel guide, can't access video on demand (pay-per-view), and don't always have dual tuners (so that you can watch one show while you record another show). A CableCard slot is a PCMCIA slot. NOTE; Many newer Digital/HDTV TVs use a QAM Tuner, which allows viewers to view Digital NON Pay Channels (which are not encrypted). Only CableCARD VERSION 2.0 (or later) allows user interaction (for example, allows you to order a movie). Previously once a cable company invested in the Head end equipment they were locked into the STB's (Set Top Box) that were compatible. CableCARD changes all that. CableCARD 2.0 has been superseded by Tru2Way, also from CableCARD labs. CableCARD 1.0 supports only a single MPEG2 transport stream; i.e. single digital tuner. The Single Stream card (S-Card) was previously called POD; "Point of Deployment". It exists a special variant of PCMCIA. When power is applied the card, it will look and act like a 16-bit PC memory card, albeit a very small one. Only during configuration can the host determine that it is an S-Card. Once the card has been identified, the host and S-Card change personalities and the interface changes from PCMCIA to S-Card. The identification and configuration step is required to allow graceful rejection of none S-Card's since this is a PCMCIA interface.

CableCARD 2.0

Supports multiple MPEG2 transport streams, i.e. multiple tuners. A unique card detect features allow the host to identify the card as an M-Card before power is supplied to the card. Because of this, the card does not have to support the PCMCIA interface. The M-Card has the same physical form-factor as the S-Card but a significantly different electrical interface. The change from S-Card to M-Card is much more than a simple firmware change. TW rented to me a SCIENTIFIC ATLANTA PKM800 Multi Stream Cable Card - 3/2012 CableCARD - Wikipedia Cable Cards - DSL Reports Pkm802 Hack - PDF documents Multi-Stream CableCARD Module - 7009964 - PDF - Scientific Atlanta Setting Up Scientific Atlanta PowerKEY CableCARD and M-Card Modules on the DNCS Where to buy MStream Cablecard? - TiVo Community Implementing Separable Security in a DBDS - Scientific Atlanta HDHomerun Prime Owners Thread - Page 5 - AVS Forum Cablevision woes - Windows Experts Community 3 tuner Moxi and M-card AND TiVo Kind of odd - considering that the SDV adapter, at least for Tivo, plays no role in actually tuning the channel. The ONLY thing it does is resolve what frequency for the tuner to change to when first tuning. The channel map is supplied to the Tivo with SDV channels designated as such.. When the Tivo tunes one of those channels, it talks to the adapter via USB. The adapter in turn contacts the headend to find where the frequency is on the SDV carousel.. And then the adapter relays that info, again via USB, to the Tivo. The Tivo then tunes the frequency and the CableCARD takes care of conditional access. At least that is my understanding of it. You dont even need any RF cabling from the adpater to the Tivo -- the only thing required from the adapter to the Tivo is a USB cable, and the adapter of course needs a cable line to send its requests upstream. tru2way - CONSUMERS Tru2way Primer - Home Tru2way - Wikipedia Tru2way - Engadget HD Status of the tru2way cable rollout: Still disappointing - Jan 9, 2010 Lack of tru2way presence at this year's CES, but the rollout at headends across the country ... Time-Warner is NOT listed as having licensed tru2way (3/7/2010). Light Reading Cable - Cable - Cable's Tru2way Build Continues - COX is completely ready Half of US Cable Subscribers Will Have "tru2way" by 2013 Tru2way plug-and-play digital cable support still AWOL - Oct 20, 2009 (& 3/7/2010) TiVo Building tru2way Version of New Interface - March 3, 2010

Tru2Way - Supersedes all CableCARDs

Tru2Way is the new name for OCAP (OpenCable Applications Platform). Because not even CableCARD 2.0 provided complete two-way interaction, CableCARD Labs was forced to come up with another solution, which they call Tru2Way, due out in 2009. I do NOT believe that you should buy a device supporting only CableCARD (this is my OPINION) as CableCARD support may disappear [the cable company wants you to buy products interactively, thus they may want to support only Tru2Way]. CHECK WITH YOUR CABLE COMPANY TO SEE WHAT THEY SUPPORT, WHAT THEY PLAN TO SUPPORT. Sony, six cable companies adopt two-way CableCARD tech Tru2way Technology - Comcast 3.0 at CES Can Tru2way succeed where CableCard failed? Tru2way Technology a Hit at 2008 CES Sony to Build 'Tru2way' Interactive TVs - News and Analysis by PC Cable Digital News - Video - Sony Supports tru2way - Telecom News tru2way Developers' Conference :: The Cable Show '08 OpenCable officially becomes tru2way - Engadget HD tru2way - Sony + Tru2way = No More Set-top Boxes? - NewTeeVee Panasonic says Tru2way TVs on track for later this year (12/2008) | Tech Posts tagged Tru2way at Engadget HD informitv - Tru2way shows interactive capabilities at Cable Show Panasonic USA Pressroom - Plasma HDTV, Portable DVR Player and Set-top Box with tru2way Tru2way Screwed2way? - GigaOM Tru2Way - Full Brief - Slashdot | Cable Industry to Standardize Under Tru2Way Tru2way Love Broadband: "Tru2way" just another false promise from the cable ... Cable Digital News - Video - Mark Cuban: Tru2way Should Be More ... InternetNews Realtime IT News - Is 'Tru2Way' True Two-Way TV? Cable's Interactive Future Still Hazy - 5/2008 Tracking Tru2Way Believers - 6/15/2008 7:51:00 AM - Multichannel News Telcos Invited to Make Use of Tru2Way - Although it's not ... Check out for more details and other related information. BACK TO CableCARD INFORMATION: CableCARD 2.0 Specification - PDF CableLabs Issues Headend VOD Metadata Content 2.0 Specification HD Beat - CableCARD 2.0 CableCARD on Microsoft's Vista to require CableLabs certification Microsoft inks cable deal for HDTV support Cablecard and TV Guide On screen TiVo has inked a deal to use CableCARD. CableCARDs - A Primer Specifications and Formats - What Do All of Those Letters and Numbers Mean? Cable Labs Org CableCARDs - A Primer CableCARD - wikipedia CableCARD 2.0 - two-way CableCard products, known as Interactive Digital Cable Ready. See also DOCSIS - Data Over Cable Service Interface Specificatio

CABLES (Wires)

HDTV signals are digital - You'll etiher get a signal or almost no signal - NO in-betweens - says "phonglog" Discount Electronics Electronics on the Internet See also: DVI See also: HDMI

Calibrating and Testing Video and Audio Setups w/Test CDs/DVDs

Obviously, any technique created after the DVD was made, will not be on the DVD. I own a few of these. My professionals recommend these Audio/Video Setup CDs/DVDs: Avia - Guide to Home Theater (Ovation Software) - DVD - 1999 Audio Calibration Video Calibration Seems to be mostly 5.1 Includes Blue, Green and Red filters for adjusting tint on your (front projector) video system Digital Video Essentials (DVE)(for NTSC) - Optimize Your Home Entertainment System - DVD - 2001 (seems to be an updated version of: "Video Essentials") I now own this one, and I like it's capabilities a lot. * Dolby Digital * Dolby Digital Surround-EX * DTS * Audio Test Signals Dolby and DTS 5.1 * Audio Test Signals Dolby and DTS 6.1 * Good tutorials * Comprehensive Audio and Video test signals * Includes Blue filter for adjusting tint on your video system (newer microdisplays, not front projectors, don't usually need adjusting - CHECK BEFORE YOU BUY) Video Essentials - 1996 * Available Subtitles: English, Spanish * Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), English (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), Spanish (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), Japanese (Dolby Digital 5.1), Japanese (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround) * Includes Blue, Green and Red filters for adjusting tint on your (front projector) video system (newer microdisplays, not front projectors, don't usually need adjusting - CHECK BEFORE YOU BUY) * Video essential still frame presentation * Sound level meter setup * Web links Other such DVDs, but not mentioned by my Professionals (could be very good) are: (Details given are from Amazon dot com) Maxell DVD Lens Cleaner and Home Theater Set-up Tools included * about $20 at Best Buy * Audio and Video Tests. * Dolby 5.1 setup * eight languages Sound and Vision Home Theater Tune-up - 2001) ISF HDTV Calibration Wizard DVD - (by) Monster - 2006 ? * includes WMV HD (720p) with 7.1 digital audio. * Easy-to-use live video shots help you calibrate your TV without complicated test patterns. Discwasher 1509 Home Theater Calibration Disc - 2003 ? * The tests enable you to correct monitor brightness, contrast, sharpness, color and tint. * Audio calibration tests in Dolby Digital and DTS help you achieve the optimum audio experience (phase test, sweep test, level set-up and LFE subwoofer calibration). * Outstanding high-definition audio and video demo tracks illustrate the full potential of your home theater system. Ultimate DVD - Home Theater Fine Tuning Made Simple - 10/2005

CAV - Constant angular velocity

The rotation of the disk is kept at a constant speed, thus causing the read/write data head travels a longer distance as it moves away from the center of the disk.

CBR - Constant Bit Rate

Data compressed into a stream with a fixed data rate. Thus while the rate is constant, the quality, due to the need for more or less compression to maintain this constant bit rate, is allowed to vary. CCI - Copy Control Information. Denotes if the data is allowed to be copied.

CD-ROMs, CDs, MO7 and Orum Storage Devices

Latest DivX, XviD, DVD, Blu-ray, HD DVD News - Digital Digest CD Format Guide CD-Recordable FAQ - Andy McFadden's ISO Images Understanding CD-R and CD-RW by Hugh Bennett Inside a CD-ROM drive from The PC Doctor How CDs Work from CD-ROM (definition) CD-ROM Drive (definition) CDCheck - check/fix CDs Read Unreadable CDs - SCROLL DOWN to read it CD Identifier - view information about CD/DVD devices on your computer Can You Trust Important Data to CD-Rs? (NOT CD-RWs)What kinds of CD-ROM media are are there? CD-R, Life Expectancy What is a MiniDisc and How Does It Differ From a CD? CD Info- LINK CD-R FAQ CD-Rom Drives and CD-Player REPAIR Blank Media online PLAYING/USING PROGRAMS wo/HAVING TO INSERT THE CD-ROM 1) a lot of software/games do not install everything from the CD onto your hard drive, so whenever you wish to use the software, you must insert the CD-ROM into the drive. 2) There is a way to avoid this problem. 3) You need two pieces of software: A) one that can generate disc images from your CD-ROM, and B) another that can mount these images to a virtual CD-ROM drive. 4) Go to and download a small utility called DAEMON tools (200 KB). (for other, similar tools, Click here, 5) Installation is easy and results in two new icons on the desktop 6) Do NOT FORGET to assign a fairly high drive letter to your new virtual drive in Device Manager, so it won't later interfer with drive letter assignments for removable drives, network drives.,,,, 7) As with any driver that tries to pull a fast one on Windows, DAEMON tools might conflict with other drivers on your PC. If you experience mysterious lockups when using the program, check the support forums on the DAEMON tools web site, and keep an eye out for program updates, which are frequent. 8) Another option, check out the huge database of patches at gamecopyworld dot com You'll be able to download "No CD" patches and executables for just about any game out there. That is, for any game out there that you already own, naturally.

CD Music Burning & Audio Grabbers

Unlock Protected Music THAT YOU OWN Exact Audio Copy (free) Exact Audio Copy - Tips & Tricks FAQ - Exact Audio Copy - General Questions FoxTab MP3 Converter extracts digital audio from CDs - now free MusicMatch MediaMonkey RC6 - Windows Freeware CD+G - Compact audio disk plus graphics. CD-DA - Copmact Disk Digital Audio. CD-i - CD Interactive - provides interactive home entertainment. CD-Plus - An enhanced CD format using stamped multisession technology. CD-R - A CD format that allows data to be recorded (only) once. CD-ROM - Compact disc read-only memory (pre-recorded before purchase). CD-ROM XA - A version of CD allowing the interleaving of audio and video. CDV - (obsolete [no more Laserdiscs]) - Mixes CD audio with a Laserdisc's video. cDVD - DVD video content stored on a CD or CD-R/RW. Also called a mini DVD. Few players can play a cDVD.

CD / DVD Burning Software - Commercial

The most common names in commercial DVD or CD creation software are: CDBurnerXP - CDBurnerXP is a free application to burn CDs and DVDs, including Blu-Ray and HD-DVDs. It also includes the feature to burn and create ISOs. See CDBurnerXP home site CDBurnerXP Downloads CDBurnerXP FAQ NERO 7 - I've been told that NERO 7 will NOT allow to create backups of your own, purchased music CDs that employ the copy protection flag. I understand that NERO does not want to help music pirates, who does, but since NERO 7 seems to preclude making a backup copy of your own purchased, music CD, so you can use it in the car and (the same copy) at work (or for the kids), without causing any wear and tear on your original purchase, which is stored safely away, and not played: I CAN NOT RECOMMEND NERO 7, Unless you need something only NERO has. I've also read that NERO 6.6 does NOT have this problem. Nero Tutorials ROXIO's Easy Media Creator 8 Suite - I do NOT know if the latest version of Roxio, Roxio Easy media Creator 8 Suite, allows you to create one backup copy of your purchased, copyrighted, music CD or not - you might want to find out. I've heard that Easy Media Creator 7.5 does NOT have this problem. CGMS - Copy Generation Management. Also called Copy Guard Management. CGMS/A is added to analog signals, such as line 21 of an NTSC frame. CGMS/D is added to digital signals, for example, to FireWire.

CEC - Consumer Electronics Control

While CEC can be an actual data bus, it is becoming better known as a feature of HDMI version 1.3a.

CinemaDNG - Open Digital Cinema File Format

Adobe Pushes for Open Digital Cinema File Format

Cinema 21:9 aspect ratio

"The 2012 Philips 56PFL9954H or Cinema 21:9 aspect ratio is one of a new breed of HDTVs designed to playback movies in their native ultra-wide aspect ratio. It eliminates the letterbox bars which usually occupy the top and bottom of the screen so users can enjoy a more cinematic viewing experience." "A 21:9 TV more closely mimics the 2.35:1 aspect ratio used in many movies, so you will not see black bars above and below the image, as you do on a 16:9 TV. Vizeo will sell 21:9 TVs in 2012" - Consumer Reports CMI - Content Management Information


An acronym for "co der/ dec oder." CODECs are used to encode and (usually) decode audio (or video) signals to allow more dynmmic range to be recorded on the media (CD, DVD, tape) without causing noticable distortion, and, in the case of audio codecs, to enable spatial placement of sound (i.e., it enable us to hear surround sound seemingly coming from different locations. Some audio codecs can also convert digital audio to/from analog sound. SHERLOCK - The Codec Detective! (What Codecs are on your Windows system? - are they broken?) Some examples of audio codecs are Dolby and DTS. Some examples of Video codecs are DivX, MPEG-2, MPEG-4. Codec (definition)

Color Depth

The number of levels of color that can be represented by a pixel. The color depth of MPEG video in DVD is 24 bits. Color Depth is sometimes expressed by the number of colors that can be displayed.

Color Difference

A pair of video signals that contain the color components minus the brightness component


Color sampling is similar to color compression. The humans can pick out details better in luma (black and white) than in color. Because of this fact, it is possible to reduce the color information in a recorded color picture without sacraficing the picture quality. Color Sampling is usually given as a set of three numbers representing the luma sampling and the sampling of the two color components, for example, 4:4:4. The Color Components are the color difference components (red and blue) derived from the original RGB signal. The RGB video signal is converted into YCbCr (Y = Luma, Cb = Blue portion of the signal, and Cr = the Red portion).

Component Video

consists of three video cables, sometime refered to as YPrPb - they are usually colored Red, Blue and Green. Component video can carry a better video signal than S-Video, but is not quite as good as DVI or HDMI. which is better, DVI (or HDMI) or component video? COMPOSITE VIDEO (CVBS) will give you a slightly better signal than the standard 75 ohm Coax cable. A Composite-Video cable is a single video cable with RCA plugs on its ends. CVBS is an acronym for Color, Video, Blank and Sync, the four components of Composite Vide.


The process of removing redundancies in digital data to reduce the amount of data that must be stored or transmitted. See also LOSSY compression and LOSSLESS Compression.

Condensation Algorithm

The Condensation Algorithm


CONSTRAST - Wikipedia

CONVERTERS - Audio, Video, Resolution, Scalers,...

DVI / HDMI CONVERSION: I have two friends who own these great Octavia Inc. switchers - one guy owns the Octavia Inc. 4 Port HDMI Switch with TOSLINK Audio Routing (~$274) (the HDMI Switch with TOSLINK Audio Routing [see above] will switch and merge Toslink Audio and DVI ouput into HDMI) and the other guy owns the Octavia Inc. 5 Port HDMI Switch (~$200. See also: Audio Doublers See also: DeInterlacing See also: Down Resolution / Down Convert / Down Rezzing See also: Downsampling (also called subsampling) See also: DVI See also: HDMI See also: HDTV See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Scalers See also: Upconverting / up-rezzing Zamzar - free online - convert "anyformat" to "anyformat" and have it mailed back to you

CONVERTER BOXES - view Digital signals on old Analog TVs

In February, 2009, Analog TVs will no longer be able to receive TV signals (as all TV signals are mandated to become Digital signals). The US government did provide up to Two $40 coupons per family, to be used to help defer the cost of purchasing a box that will enable your old analog TV to receive Digital TV signals (THIS APPLIES ONLY TO OVER-THE-IAR- TV SIGNALS). CONSUMER'S REPORT (see link below), reviewed these three conversion units: Magnavox TB100MW9: I found this at Walmart for $ 49.87 Zenith DTT900: I found this at HHGREGG for just under $ 60. "LG" owns Zenith. Insignia NS-DXA1: A Best Buy brand, CR think's it is the same as the Zenith DTT900. READ THE CR REVIEW. Now CR has updated their review, and stated that they did not see any Component signal problems on the Zenith, but DID see that problem on the Insignia unit. Based on the CR report, only, I would recommend the: Zenith DTT900. - Digital TV converter boxes: First Look Major retailers to sell TV converter boxes Best Buy HHgreGG Radio Shack Sears Holdings Corp. and its Kmart outlets Target Sam's Club YOU CAN probably get TV Converters anywhere that sells TVs. PC World - CES Preview: TV Converter Boxes Offer Escape From Analog TV Review: Digital converters keep the old tube TV useable


I list some of the more, in use, common methods here: AACS - Advanced Access Control System. Click here for more AACS information Analog Hole - Click here for more Analog Hole information ARccOS - Sony's ARccOS copy protection. Click here for ARccOS information CD Music Burning - Click here for more information about CD Music Burning CPPM - Content Protection for Prerecorded Media. CPRM - Content Protection for Recordable Media. DRM - Digital Rights Management. Click here for more DRM information DVD Conversion - Click here for information about DVD Conversion DVD Security and Anti-Theft - Click here for more information about DVD Security HDCP - High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection. Click here for more HDCP information HDMI / DVI - HDMI - Will be a REQUIRED connection for viewing HDTV signals IF, certain AACS author content media proection "locks" are enabled on your DVD or HD video source. Both Blu-Ray and HD-DVD formats will support AACS, and could have this viewing restriction enabled. Click here for more HDMI information HDMI 1.3 (released 6/22/2006) will be required to view the lossless High Definition video content from both Blu-Ray and HD-DVD DVDs. Key2audio - Another of Sony CD and DVD copy protection schemes. Click here for more info. MediaMax - Another root-kit DRM used by Sony in 2006. Click here for more MediaMax information. MMC Mandatory Managed Copy, lets you make at least one copy of an HD-DVD or Blu-Ray disc to send to a server or a portable player. Click here for more MMC information. OPM - Micorosoft's Five flavors of Output Protection Management. More info secuROM - Sony's secuROM CD and DVD copy protection. Click here for more secuROM information SPDC - Self-Protecting Digital Content. A method whereby your HD playback device could be permanently disabled. Click here for more SPDC information VEIL - Prevents analog devices from processing video from HD devices. More info Video Conversion - Click here for more information about Video Conversion Watermark - A means of embedding hidden but detectable data. More information Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules Hollywood vs. Your PC: Round 2 Hollywood vs. Your PC It's illegal to talk about how to circumvent copy protection Copy Protection Problems Delay Hi-Def DVDs Ciao, Copy Protection; Hello, DRM Copy Your DVDs - 2003 CPPM - Content Protection for Prerecorded Media CPRM - Content Protection for Recordable Media

Content Protection System Architecture (CPSA)

CPSA is supposed to promote compatibility between various protection schemes. It can be argued that CPSA and other associated content protection measures do away with your right to make a backup copy of your purchased media (MMC)

CRT - Cathode Ray Tube DISPLAYS

Cathode ray tube (CRT) displays) - OLD style TV screens - no longer available for TVs CSS - Content Scrambling System CVBS - Composite Video. Click here for more information about Composite Video

CVI - Component Video Input

Philip's HD Component Video Input enables display of full 1080i high definition video and 480p video (both are HDTV formats) from digital sources. D/A and A/D - Digital to Analog converters, and vice-versa. Also called a DAC DBS - digital broadcast satellite. Click for more information

DCDi - Directional Correlation Deinterlacing

A digital method invented by Faroudja to improve the quality of low resolution images. See also DCDi at Wikipedia. DCR - Digital Cable Ready - Requires a CableCARD and can then receive HDTV signals over your cable. DCT - Discrete cosine transform. DCT is a mathematical process used when encoding MPEG video.


A circuit that decodes compressed audio or video, A decoder may also be used to convert from one type of signal to another.


Essentialy a Line Doubler. Frequently asked questions about deinterlacing - scanline interlaced video on a computer display - scanline What is Deinterlacing? Facts, solutions, examples. Interlace vs. Progressive Scanning Deinterlacing - Wikipedia See also: Downconverting See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers See also: Upconverting


Digital signals are either an ON ('1') or OFF (0') (discrete signals), as opposed to Analog signals. HDTV signals are digital - You'll either get a signal or almost no signal - NO in-betweens - says "phonglog"


Digital8 is the digital version of the analog Hi8 video recording format. Both Digital8 and Hi8 are obsolete, being replaced by High Definition (HD) recording.

Digital-to-Analog Converter Settop Boxes (DACS)

Digital Television (DTV) Tomorrow's TV Today! - FAQs - Consumer Corner - Converter needed after Feb. 17, 2009 for over-the-air reception - Apply starting 1/1/2008


A Microsoft standard used in Windows, developed to playback video and audio.

Direct View (TVs)

Images are displayed directly on the display media, such as a TV tube or LCD display. These sets have a fixed-pixel screen, always displaying the same number of pixels. Disc - same as a Disk. Some people, especial the English, use the term disc instead of disk. Other poepl use the term disc for disks that can be removed from their drive, such as floppy disks, CDs, DVDs and Optical Disks. disc key - Used to decrypt/encrypt a title key on DVD-Video disks. Disk - same as a Disc.


DisplayPort is a new (5/2006) digital display interface standard sponsored by the VESA (Video Electronics Standards Association). It defines a new license-free state-of-the-art digital audio/video interconnect, intended to be used primarily between a computer and its display-monitor, or a computer and a home-theater system. DisplayPort seems to be competing with UDI - Unified Display Interface DisplayPort - wikipedia DisplayPort - afterdawn Display Port Overview - Bruce Montag DisplayPort Technical Overview - white paper DisplayPort Could Introduce Protected Displays and will contain an optional audio component VESA DisplayPort Standard v1.0 New display interface standard inches closer | CNET Display Port to arrive in early 2007 - Neoseeker News Article Future Display Standard Proposed display rate - The number of times per second the video image is re-displayed. DTCP - Digital Transmission Content Protection

D-Terminal - an analog video connector

D1 - 480i D2 - 480p D3 - 1080i D4 - 720p D5 - 1080p D-Terminal - wikipedia


DivX Player DivX dot com

DLNA - Digital Living Network Alliance

DLNA is comprised of over 250 A/V companies to promote the the DLNA Standards - IEC 62481-1 and IEC 62481-2. DLNA is supposed to help all of your A/V devices to smoothly send A/V to anywhere in your home. DLNA - Digital Living Network Alliance - ORG THE technology alliance for connected devices and streaming media throughout the home. Discover the freedom and flexibility that DLNA and VidiPath can bring to your media consumption experience. Digital Living Network Alliance - Wikipedia DNLA was founded by a group of consumer electronics companies to develop and promote a set of interoperability guidelines for sharing digital media among multimedia devices. How to use DLNA - TechHive "DLNA separates multimedia devices into 10 certified classes subdivided into three broad categories: Home Network Devices (PCs, TVs, AV receivers, game consoles), Mobile Handheld Devices (smartphones, tablets, digital cameras), and Home Infrastructure Devices (routers and hubs). A device’s class is determined by its functional capabilities—whether it stores, controls, or plays media—rather than the type of product it is. So it’s possible (even common) for a device to fall into more than one class. Some DLNA-certified TVs, for example, can be classified as both a Digital Media Player—meaning it can locate and play media from other devices—and a Digital Media Renderer—because media can be pushed to it by an external controlling device." - How to Turn Your Computer Into a DLNA Media Server DLNA: what it is and what you need to know - TechRadar "DLNA is based on Universal Plug and Play. APPLE products are NOT DLNA compatible. DLNA-compatible devices use UPnP to communicate, and there are three classes of DLNA devices: Home Network Devices, Mobile Handheld Devices and Home Infrastructure Devices. The first category encompasses media servers, AV receivers, TVs, consoles and tablets; the second category includes smartphones and media tablets; and the third category covers routers and hubs. DLNA Certification means it'll work DLNA Certified devices have been tested to ensure that they'll play nicely with other DLNA devices. Non-certified devices can be made DLNA compatible with software (firmware), so for example PCs can be DLNA servers if they're running version 11 or later of Windows Media Player. DLNA Premium Video should make streaming simple In January, the DLNA added a new standard: DLNA Premium Video, or the not very short DLNAPV for short. The idea is to make it easier to share copy-protected content around the house by enabling a single device to act as a hub for all your other ones. For example, your set-top box might be a DLNAPV device, and it could then stream copy-protected content such as movies or TV programmes to your other, non-DLNAPV devices. The technology has been developed by partners including Microsoft, Sony and Broadcom, although as yet no DLNAPV-certified devices have been announced. DLNA is everyone but Apple That's how it looks, anyway: the current DLNA membership reads like a Who's Who of the tech world, with big hitters including Intel, HP, Motorola, HTC, Microsoft, Samsung, LG and Panasonic making products that will happily communicate with each other. Apple has decided not to join that particular party. DLNA and AirPlay won't talk to each other Choosing a home entertainment platform is a bit like picking sides in a battle: there are two rival standards, DLNA and AirPlay. Where DLNA works across thousands of different devices, AirPlay (and AirPrint) is more selective and only works on Apple or Apple-approved products. That's the official line, anyway, but there are ways around it: apps such as AirSync bring AirPlay streaming to Android phones, while apps such as media:connect offer DLNA on iOS." - quoted from Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) - Facebook %%%%%%%%% What is DLNA? - TV & DVD "DLNA is an industry-wide standard for sharing data on a home network. If you have router a in your home then you have a network and can therefore use DLNA-certified products on it, and if you have wi-fi then you can do it without wires." "The home network over which the content is shared can be either a wireless (wi-fi) network or a wired, ethernet (LAN) network." "It’s important to note that DLNA devices have the feature built-in and that there aren’t any DLNA adaptors available. This means that if your mobile phone isn't DLNA-enabled then it simply won't work on the DLNA network. Of course you'll still be able to connect it to wi-fi, but you won’t be able to share the content on the handset using this method." Read more: Consumer Champions Which? Under Creative Commons License: Attribution Non-Commercial Read more: Consumer Champions Which? Under Creative Commons License: Attribution Non-Commercial Read more: Consumer Champions Which? Under Creative Commons License: Attribution Non-Commercial DLNA Org Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) - Wikipedia Home media streaming 101: DLNA explained DLNA - Engadget Sony Global - Technology - DLNA SAMSUNG'S GUIDE TO DLNA - PDF How to choose a DLNA Media Server for Windows, Mac OS X or Linux ... - 2007 A Free DLNA Media Server For Mac, Windows, and Linux - TvMobili PS3 - Media Server Connection - DLNA Media Server DLNA Media Server Comparison Table - The Green Button Windows Media Connect (WMC) - Wikipedia DLNA Open Source Projects - DLNA server - Linux Forums DLNA Media Server for Ubuntu/Linux Mint? Set Up A Linux PlayStation 3 Media Server (CentOS 5.2 ... Why do I hate DLNA protocol so much ? - Ben's Lost World DLNA becomes IEC 62481-1 and IEC 62481-2 Standards Digital Living Network Alliance - Wikipedia Sound and Vision Magazine - DLNA Decoded How to choose a DLNA Media Server for Windows, Mac OS X or Linux PlayStation.Blog - PlayStation Tips #4 - DLNA media server DLNA Certified Products DLNA - Gizmodo DLNA middleware interconnects consumer devices talking up the iTunes/DLNA capabilities of NAS media servers - Engadget Dual-drive NAS server runs Linux, supports DLNA Posts with tag dlna - Engadget DLNA certified: how your computer, cellphone, games console, media Dlna-dev Info Page

DLP - Digital Light Projector

An RPT type Invented by Texas Instruments. DLP is now (September, 2006) Ten years old. DLP currently (9/2006) hsa more than 50% of the Projection TV market. New DLP chipsets (late 2006) are using SIX-COLORS - they added Cyan, Magenta and Yellow to the usual Red, Green and Blue - ought to be outstanding. Of course LED instead of mirrors DLP (LEDDLP) is coming on strong. Some LEDDLP sets are actually shipping (11/2006). LED DLP sets are expected to last 7 to 10 years before needed any work. DLPs sets use special bulbs, which so far, seem to last 1,000 to 2,000 hours before needing replacment. DLP dot com - (Texas Instruments)

DMCA - Digital Millenium Copyright Act

(October 1998) Processes or devices intended specifically to circumvent content protection are illegal in the USA and many other countries. DMCA also makes it illegal to discuss how to defeat copy protection.

DOCSIS 3.0 - speeds of up to 50 Mbps with Quad QAM channels

DOCSIS 3.0 hardware is available. Time-Warner in Raleigh, NC is now using DOCSIS 3. NOTE: Your througput on a DOCsis 3.0 modem will usually be limited to what your ISP is willing to sell to you. I am using the Motorola SB6141 DOCsis 3.0 Cable Modem. Throughput doubled over my SB5110 DOCsis 2.0 Cable Modem - the SB6141 also has a 1GigE Ethernet network connection. Motorola SB6141 Cable Modem Product Description Motorola's easy-to-use SB6141 SURFboard DOCSIS 3.0 Cable Modem unlocks the potential of offering innovative high-bandwidth data and multimedia services to customers. Utilizing the power of DOCSIS 3.0, the SB6141 enables channel bonding of up to eight downstream channels and four upstream channels, increasing POSSIBLE data rates of over 300 Mbps for received data and over 100 Mbps when sending data (depends on what your ISP allows). The SB6141 includes an internal filter to eliminate potential interference from MoCA signals' intermodulation beats. Supports IPv4 and IPv6 to expand network addressing capabilities. Enhanced security: supports AES traffic encryption. Cox Fires Up DOCSIS 3.0 In Connecticut - 8/12/2010 DOCSIS 3.0 yummy-yummy to cable customers Motorola debuts world's first retail DOCSIS 3.0 cable modems Comcast: DOCSIS 3 well ahead of schedule - 8/2009 New DOCSIS 3 Chipset: 320Mbps - can bond up to eight QAM downstream channels TI calls the x4 DOCSIS 3.0 the "meat and potatoes version," and says the x8 version (100 Mbps max) won't come into play until 2010. Yet Time Warner Cable has dragged its feet on DOCSIS 3 upgrades for more than a year now - Docsis3.0 -- Engadget HD Virgin Media testing DOCSIS 3.0 to new limits with 200Mbps, 3D and 1080p France does 1080p World's Fastest Broadband at $20 Per Home - Bits Blog - In Japan, its 160 Mbps service costs 6,000 yen ($60) per month. That's only $5 a month more than the price of its basic 30 Mbps service. In the Netherlands, meanwhile, it charges 80 euros ($107) for 120 Mbps service and 60 euros ($81) for 60 Mbps. Mr. Fries said that he expected these prices would fall over time - April, 2009. Click here for more info Puma 5 cable modem chip pounces on Docsis 3.0 transition

DOCSIS 2 - Fastest is 12.5 Mbps.

Time-Warner in Raleigh, NC is now DOCSIS 3.


A method of obtaining LIGHTER areas in a photograph, by masking selected areas from exposure to light (film).

DOLBY - too many formats?

Dolby Has a lot of Codecs that are used to encode and decode audio, so that the listener can hear sound coming from directions other than straight in front (can hear surround sound) . Dolby was originally designed to compress audio signals so that more dynamic range could be placed on a Cassete or Reel-to-Reel tape recording. Dolby A - older cassette usage Dolby B - older cassette usage Dolby C - older cassette usage Dolby Pro Logic II Dolby Pro Logic IIx - A newer technology enabling 6.1 or 7.1 multi-channel channel playback from 2-channel of multi-channel sources. Has Movie, Music and game modes. Dolby Volume adjusts the sound signal to compensate for the fact that the human ear hears high and low frequency sounds differently, at low volume levels. Dolby Digital (5.1 Surround Sound - previously called AC-3)
Dolby Digital is often referred to as a 5.1 channel system. However, it must be noted that term "Dolby Digital" refers to the digital encoding of the audio signal, not how many channels it has. Dolby Digital can have any NUMBER OF CHANNELS - IT CAN EVEN BE MONOPHONIC. AC-3 is now called Dolby Digital 5.1 (Surround Sound) Dolby Digital (AC-3) Dolby Digital EX - adds (from Dolby 5.1) a 3rd surround channel that is placed directly behind the listener, creating 6.1 from 5.1 by using a matrix decoder that derives 3 surround channels from the 2 in the original recording. Dolby Digital EX (AVR) setting should only be used with movie soundtracks recorded with Dolby Digital Surround EX. Dolby Digital Plus - a very flexible codec that builds off the orginal (which one is the original?) Dolby Digital technology. Dolby Digital Plus allows the content producer to have a lot of options when they are encoding the various soundtracks for their movies, so for the main track, they may chose to include a Dolby TrueHD sountrack, but for bonus material, or perhaps for some sort of secondary audio, they might decide that they don't require bit-for-bit quality and therefore chose a codec that makes use of lossy compression. Dolby THX - probably really means: "THX Surround EX", which is the THX implementation of decoding Dolby Digital EX. Click here for more info

Dolby Digital 1.0

Dolby Digital 1.0 is mono audio (single track of audio information),

Dolby Digital 2.0 = Dolby 2.0 Surround Sound

Dolby 2.0 IS AC3 (AC3 is the old name). 2.0 is stereo. What do you mean by 2.0 surround? It Means Dolby Surround (aka PL, PLII)-encoded 2.0. Dolby 2.0 interests me, as it's something I've been curious about... If 5.1 surround stands for FL, C, FR, SL, SR and ".1" for the LFE, then what does 2.0 stand for? Using the same logic as 5.1, wouldn't you think it simply means a left channel, a right channel, with ".0" representing nothing?! Yep 2.0 is just that. Left and Right. No low frequency. Though it CAN include surround information using Dolby Pro Logic. Its just not digital surround sound. what exactly is Dolby Digital 2.0? Is there a difference between this and regular stereo? Dolby 2.0 is just two channel Dolby Digital. DD can be anything from 1.0 up to 5.1. 2.0 can be stereo, or it can be that the two channels are matrix encoded for Pro Logic. Most decoders, when receiving a DD 2.0 source will give you the choice of invoking Pro Logic (or Pro Logic II), or just playing it back un-altered. Many HD TV broadcasts, as well as some movies via cable and satellite (HBO for example) are in DD 2.0, and should be decoded in Pro Logic. Dolby Digital 2.0 is stereo (in which Dolby Surround or Dolby Surround Pro-Logic can be encoded). Dolby Digital (AC-3) and other forms of Dolby Dolby 2 Prologic - doom9 What's "2.0 Prologic" ? You mean... 1.) DolbyPrologic 2 2.) DolbyPrologic (2Ch) 3.) DolbyDigital 2.0 DolbyPrologic 2 is an decoding alogo. for listen 2ch audio on 5.1 systems. DolbyPrologic is nothing else than an normal stereo file (2ch with special algo.) that can be decoded with a DolbyPrologic decoder... DolbyDigital 2.0 is a DolbyDigital file like the ones on DVD's (5.1) but only in stereo (2Ch)

Dolby Digital 4.0

Dolby Digital 4.0 have discrete audio signals for the center, left, and right channels, plus a mono audio signal that is common for the surround channels.

Dolby Digital 5.0

Dolby Digital 5.0 is like Dolby Digital 5.1, but lacks a discrete audio signal for the low frequency effects channel. Dolby TrueHD - Dolby's premium audio technology. 100% lossless - (bit-for-bit identical to the original Hollywood master. Supposed to be an 8.1 surround sound, but Dolby demoed a 14.1 system at CES 2006 - they used six speakers for different audio heights in the front. Dolby TrueHD is optional on Blu-Ray DVDs. Dolby TrueHD is an required on HD-DVDs. NOTE THAT CURRENT HDMI (version 1.2) connections can NOT handle the high bandwidth of the TrueHD lossless codec. You will need HDMI version 1.3, not yet available (5/2006). Dolby Virtual Speaker - Dolby Labs has developed a way to create a fairly accurate surround experience that gives the illusion that you are listening to a complete surround speaker system, but is utilizing just two speakers and a subwoofer. Dolby Headphone - Essentially Dolby Virtual Speaker for headphones.

DOLBY for Low and Mid-FI Gear

Dolby Sound Space Expander Dolby Sound Space for Headphones Dolby Natural Bass Dolby Intelligent Volume Cotnrol Dolby Mono-to-Stereo Converter

DOLBY HDR (High Dynamic Range) - a VIDEO technique

HDR was developed by Brightside. Dolby bought Brightside to get HDR. Most LCDs are backlit by cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFLs), but CCFLs create a constant backlight on the screen, causing sections that should be black to be lighter than black. HDR replaces CCFLs with multiple LEDs, allowing sections of an LCD screen to be either backlit or black (not lighted) - this vastly increases the LCD's contrast ratio. HDR has already produced contrast ratios of 200,000:1, and will get better. Dolby Acquires BrightSide HDR Image Technology. The Kind Of All TV Technology , Dolby HDR ! - Forums Dolby aiming to deliver HDR prototype display in Q1 2008 ... Dolby Displays Cutting-Edge Audio and Image Technologies for Digital Entertainment SEE ALso: Photomatix - Lots of good examples, and FREE Photomatrix Pro software. It is fully functional and never expires, but adds a Photomatrix watermark to every HDR image that you create, until you purchase it.


History and Basics of Surround Sound A Surround-Sound Primer - PC World Comparison between AC-3, Home THX and DTS Dolby Pro Logic II vs SRS Circle-Surround THX Surround EX (Dolby Digital EX) SRS Labs Debuts SRS Mobile HD Audio Technology for Mobile Video Services - 4/5/2006 Dolby's DP564 decoder See also 5.1 See also 6.1 See also 7.1 See also AC-3 See also DTS See also Surround Sound See also THX

DRM - Digital Rights Management

In other Words, COPY PROTECTION. I list some of the more, in use, common methods here: AACS - Advanced Access Control System. Click here for more AACS information Analog Hole - Click here for more Analog Hole information ARccOS - Sony's ARccOS copy protection. Click here for ARccOS information Associated Press invented a text DRM for their news stories. AP's rights management DRM explained CD Music Burning - Click here for more information about CD Music Burning CPPM - Content Protection for Prerecorded Media. CPRM - Content Protection for Recordable Media. DLNA - Digital Living Network Alliance. For more information about DLNA, click HERE DRM - Digital Rights Management. Click here for more DRM information DTCP - Digital Transmission Copy Protection DTCP-IP - Digital Transmission Copy Protection over Internet Protocol DVD Conversion - Click here for information about DVD Conversion DVD Security and Anti-Theft - Click here for more information about DVD Security HDCP - High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection. Click here for more HDCP information HDMI / DVI - HDMI - Will be a REQUIRED connection for viewing HDTV signals IF, certain AACS author content media proection "locks" are enabled on your DVD or HD video source. Both Blu-Ray and HD-DVD formats will support AACS, and could have this viewing restriction enabled. Click here for more HDMI information HDMI 1.3 (released 6/22/2006) will be required to view the lossless High Definition video content from both Blu-Ray and HD-DVD DVDs. HDMI 1.3a is the currently released (available in stores) version. Key2audio - Another of Sony CD and DVD copy protection schemes. Click here for more info. Macrovision - now in Adobe's CS3 and in other things. MacroVision FAQ - Fil's FAQ-Link-In Corner MediaMax - Another root-kit DRM used by Sony in 2006. Click here for more MediaMax information. MMC Mandatory Managed Copy, lets you make at least one copy of an HD-DVD or Blu-Ray disc to send to a server or a portable player. Click here for more MMC information. OPM - Microsoft's Five flavors of Output Protection Management. More info PlayReady DRM from Microsoft secuROM - Sony's secuROM CD and DVD copy protection. Click here for more secuROM information SPDC - Self-Protecting Digital Content. A method whereby your HD playback device could be permanently disabled. Click here for more SPDC information VEIL - Prevents analog devices from processing video from HD devices. More info Video Conversion - Click here for more information about Video Conversion Watermark - A means of embedding hidden but detectable data. More information Sony pleads innocent in latest rootkit fiasco ROOTKIT INFORMATION Could audio watermarking help make MP3s free? TiVo Series3 and JVC receivers throw DRM fit - Engadget DRM BLOG - Industry watchdogs Deep Links - Electronic Frontier Foundation Electronic Frontier Foundation Copy Protection / DRM - PDF - manifest-tech Digital Rights get more flexible? - Move afoot to link your rights to you, not to a device Microsoft to Update Windows DRM (after cracking program, FairUse4WM, released) Microsoft Sues DRM Hackers The Broadcast Flag is Back - HR 4861- 6/2006 On Windows Vista, DRM, and new monitors Microsoft Ramps Up DRM Work - 4/6//2006 Researcher: DRM Has Deep Flaws - 3/27/2006 Proposed French DRM-Busting Law Moves Forward - 3/22/2006 SanDisk Puts Copy Controls on Flash Cards - 9/28/2005 Sony Uncloaks Hidden DRM Code Ciao, Copy Protection; Hello, DRM - 2005 DVD Jon Breaks ITunes Security--Again - 3/18/2005 MP3s Get Copy Controls - 3/2004 Microsoft's Copy Controls Go Mobile - 5/3/2004 DRM is Not Evil - 2003 Commentary iRiver MP3 Player Unlocks Xbox 360's DRM Block Good-Bye, MP3; Hello, DRM! - 2004 What Does DRM Really Mean? - 2003 The DRM Dilemma - 2001 See also COPY PROTECTION

DRM Removal (Legal, so they say)

PLEASE use programs LEGALLY

BurnWorld - Legalities of DVD Copying - DRM

Tunebite 5 - Legal (so they say) DRM Removal

Drm-Removal - Free software downloads and reviews - CNET DRM Removal Methods - TopTenREVIEWS - WHY IS THERE NO DATE ON THIS ARTICLE? Tunebite 5 Review - DRM Removal Software - Audio Converter - Video Top 5 DRM Removal Programs - Best DRM Removal Software Shareware/Freeware: Can Cucusoft Zune Video Converter Support ... Shareware/Freeware: Is Cucusoft Apple TV Video Converter a ... TUNEBITE converts protected WMA, M4B, M4P, WMV, M4V, AAC ... Converts DRM protected videos into unprotected videos Tunebite Platinum - DRM Audio & Video Converter Bright Hub Review of Tunebite Platinum 6.0 - Bypass DRM Forum :: How to Crack DRM Video, Rip a DVD, burn DRM Converter 3 for Mac

Doublers / Doubling (Audio)

Some subwoolfers output their very lowest frequencies at a much lower volume than their first upper harmonics, causing the listener to really hear only the first upper harmonics. This doubles the frequency of the fundamental to be reproduced. Instead of hearing a 25Hz signal, you're actually hearing its 50Hz first upper harmonic an octave higher. See also LINE DOUBLERS


In DTV, the conversion from a higher-resolution input signal number to a lower one. For example, some DTV receivers can be set to downconvert an HDTV 1080i signal to a standard 480i signal that any TV can display. See also: Deinterlacing See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers See also: Upconverting


Verizon's very-well-done download speed-test page Great Visual Internet Throughput (speed) Test 1] Click on the US Flag 2] THEN ENSURE that you click on the: "Click to start MySPEED" Bandwidth Calculators and Other Speed Tests

Down Mix or Downmix

To convert a multichannel audio track into a two-channel stereo track by combining the channels via Dolby.


Delibertly decreasing the amount of video resolution. AACS and other DRM strategies may cause this (downresoultion) problem. The expected mandatory downresolution of HD video signals carried over cables other than HDMI cables is expected to be 960x540. Earlier rumors suggested that down-rezzed signals would be either 480p or 480i. See also: Deinterlacing See also: Downconverting See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers See also: Upconverting

Downsampling (also called subsampling)

To reduce spatial resolution by increasing the sample size - this results in a file or chunk of data that is smaller in size, but not as good a quality as the original. DSD - Direct Stream Digital. Sony's alternative to PCM. Used for SACDs.


Digital signal processing, used in audio for digital-to-analog conversion, surround sound decoding, speaker correction and certain digital amplifier circuits.

DTCP - Digital Transmission Content Protection

DTCP is the leading technology for protecting content sent over digital connections. Often called 5C for the companies that developed it. DTCP focuses on Firewire (IEEE 1394), but can be applied to other transmission protocols. Under DTCP, devices that are digitally connected exchange keys and authentication certificates to esablish a secure connection. Since encryption is done by the DVD player, no encryption is needed on the DVD media (sounds risky to me).

DTCP-IP = Digital Transmission Content Protection over Internet Protocol

DTCP-IP allows home networking of copy-protected cable signals DTCP-IP has been approved by both CableLabs and the Digital Living Betwork Alliance for both bidirectional (interactice) and uni-directional digital cable products. DTLA - Digital Transmission Licensing Administrator What is DTCP-IP? - Webopedia Dr. Dobb's | DTCP-IP: Developing a Technical Foundation for ... Cable Digital News - Cable Digital - CableLabs Okays DTCP-IP ... Cable Digital News - Security - CableLabs, CEA Agree on DTCP-IP ... DRM: AACS, DTCP-IP, and your rights to video content | Paul ... - Headline :: IDF Fall 2004: DTCP/IP : Page - 1/1 DTCP-IP Resources on ZDNet D-Link Wireless Media Player will support DTCP-IP at this year's ... CableLabs Approves DTCP-IP Content Protection for Digital Cable ... Posts tagged DTCPIP at Engadget HD Intel Software Network - Is DTCP-IP Plug-in Available for Digital ... Meet the new boss, Cable Labs' DTCP-IP DTLA - Digital Transmission Licensing Administrator What is DTCP-IP? - A Word Definition From the Webopedia Computer ... Dr. Dobb's | DTCP-IP: Developing a Technical Foundation for ... DRM: AACS, DTCP-IP, and your rights to video content | Paul ... Cable Digital News - Security - CableLabs, CEA Agree on DTCP-IP ...

DTS - Digital Theater Sound

DTS consists of several different codecs that can be used to encode and decode audio signals to provide a high-quality surround sound. DTS-ES Discrete 6.1 is a true 6.1-channel format, as the back surround audio channel is discretely encoded into the DTS bitstream.

DTS-ES - DTS Extended Surround

DTS Extended Surround refers to the Digital Theater Sound's version of the new "6.1"-channel surround sound format that extends the 5.1-channel surround sound format with one (or two) additional speaker(s) located in the back of the audience (i.e., back surround channel). DTS Extended Surround (or DTS-ES for short) comes in two flavors: (1) DTS Extended Surround Matrix, or (2) DTS Extended Surround Discrete 6.1 DTS Extended Surround (Matrix or Discrete 6.1) DTS-ES Matrix is actually a 5.1-channel format with the back surround audio channel matrixed into those of the right and left surround. Industry Roundup Comparison between AC-3, Home THX and DTS dts...A lesson in sound, and why dts is better DTS Digital Surround

DTS-HD - DTS High-Def

Agoura Hills, CA - based DTS (Digital Theater Systems, Inc.) has announced "DTS-HD Master Audio," the new trademarked brand name for its lossless technology. Previously known as "DTS++," the DTS-HD mark will denote media, source players and decoders that are compliant with the next generation high definition disc formats, Blu-ray Disc and High Definition DVD (HD-DVD). "DTS-HD is a set of extensions to the Coherent Acoustics audio coding system, which also encompasses DTS Digital Surround, DTS-ES, and DTS 96/24. The introduction of DTS-HD will provide manufacturers and content providers with a complete range of DTS-branded technologies, incorporating lossless technology for next generation formats," (press release). DTV - Digital TV. DTV usually displays both HD and SD and come in both common aspect ratios (16:9 and 4:3). Note that DTV is NOT necessarily the same thing as HDTV. See also ANTENNA information See also: 3D Television DV - Digital Video - Sony and JVCs format. Originally called DVC. DVB - Digital Video Broadcasting - a European standard. DVCAM - Sony's proprietary version of DV. DVCD - Double Length VCD - 100 minutes.


The DVD-R format is the most compatible with all stand-alone DVD players. NOTE: Blu-ray won the format war with HD-DVD. DVD Media Format Compatibility Tests on Warner Home Video just recently (10/2006) filed a patent to develop a triple-layer DVD disc that can contain a movie in three formats: 1] HD-DVD 2] BLU-RAY and 3] "normal" DVD. NOTE: Blu-ray won the format war with HD-DVD. DVD FAQ - Does it work with NTSC, PAL, and SECAM? - what about Animation? Note - I believe that the Highly recommended $80 "DVD Demystified" Book comes from this FAQ. DVD Info (Pro) - about $30 - shows you most everything about your Devices, Media & Recorded Meda DVD (definition) DVD Frequently Asked Questions (and Answers) - dvddemystified DVD FAQ - Official DVD Background info - thefreedictionary DVD - wikipedia DVD Formats explained - iDVD DVD recorder formats explained DVD Definitions and Glossary How DVD Works MyCE (CD Freaks) Creating a Multi-Boot DVD See also: Bluray See also: NTSC See also: PAL See also: Converting PAL to NTSC Dave's DVD Image Capture Ultimate DVD Resource and Format Page DVD-Video Information - mpucoder Forrester Research DVD CCA WEBSITE

DVD Audio = DVD-A

A high-resolution 24bit/192kHz audio format that's based on the existing video DVD standard and allows for up to 6 channels of music. DVD-A discs are backward compatible with all video DVD players and offer audio quality superior to CD DVD-Audio definition extracts digital audio from CDs - now free What are DVD-A and SACD? by Jagan Seshadri

DVD Burning information

the DVDs were pretty robust - except the Verbatims - PC Magazine's DVD Flambe Preserve Vital Data - Burning tricks CD and DVD Burning How to Burn a CD - YouTube video iPhoto: How to burn a CD or DVD with pictures for a Windows-based computer - July 01, 2009 How to make DVD Movies Internet Video Magazine DVD Burning Glossary See also: CD DVD Burning Software


If no other method is available to you, try this one

1) it is not possible to capture a screen image from your DVD, (this is possible wity some hardware and software) as you watch it, by pressing the Print Screen button, because DVD players avoid hogging all of your bandwidth by writing directly to the VGA signal by a method called "colorkey". 2) In order to capture the video from your (computer's) DVD player, you need to be able to disable hardware accell- eration in the DVD player application that you use, (IF the option is available), which will force the decoders to write to standard video memory. 3) With InterVideo WinDVD there is a command that captures the movie frame as a picture. Friends of mine use it sometimes and it was working OK. WinDVD now allows users to capture a static image during movie playback. Press the "P" key at any time to capture a BMP file of a moving or static image. Capture does not work on zoomed regions and on some hardware motion compensation graphics chips. If you are having a problem, try disabling hardware motion compensation and capturing again. Captured bitmaps are stored in the Capture subdirectory of the WinDVD directory on your hard drive. Captured files are numbered sequentially: cap001.bmp, cap002.bmp, and so on. I tried it and it worked! - Robert Zurga 4) PowerDVD offers this disable hardware accelleration option, which is very HANDY for taking a few shots when your watch your movie.


Please do things legally!

Digital Video Guide: Converting Tapes to DVD - PCmag DVDs MPEG-2 Does not Map to NTSC Screen Size >PAL to NTSC Conversion Doom9 NET DVDDigest Forum Mr Bass Clonead e-Lunatic ORG e-Lunatic COM Hydrogenuudio - Probably THE newsgroup for advanced, high quality audio encoding Video Help mpucoder


Please use only for legal copies!

Hamster Free Video Converter - PCworld recommended During installation choose CUSTOMIZATION and DIS-able BING and other Toolbar installation You may wish to read the reviews (on the download page) SUPER (Freeware) Simplified Universal Player Encoder and Renderer (PCMag) - SUPER (freeware) handles these formats SUPER, a Free Multimedia Files Converter HandBrake - Convert your video to MPG-4 HandBrake is an open-source, GPL-licensed, multiplatform, multithreaded video transcoder, available for MacOS X, Linux and Windows. Even converts AVI to MPEG-4. Cinema Craft Encoder (CCE) DVDRebuilder DVDremake DVDZone - seems to be defunct ??? IfoEdit How to record video or audio streaming Capture Video Screenshot Using Windows Media Player Zamzar - free online - convert "anyformat" to "anyformat" and have it mailed back to you VideoLAN - VLC media player - a software project, which produces free GNU software for video VLC is a free cross-platform media player. It can also be used as a streaming server, with extended features. DOWNLOAD Windows (9 MB) version - cross-platform VLC media player (VideoLAN project) VLC FAQ ZS4 Video Editor - Windows, Linux and OSX and is free to download and use. ZS4 Tutorials DivX for Windows with DivX Player (NOT for Vista) Windows Movie Maker (Windows XP) - Microsoft - not well rated MediaCell Video Converter 2.1 - for MP4/3GP file conversion of portable video device such as iPod/PSP/Mobile Devices OneClick iPod Video Converter - MP4 file conversion for iPod device - trial, then $24 OneClick Mobile Video Converter 1.04 - trial, then $24 List of video editing software - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia GOPchop. Become commercial free! - open source tool for losslessly cutting and merging hardware-encoded MPEG2 video files afreeCodec is exclusively for audio and video software, codecs and support. afreeCodecVT - Which will detect the audio and video codecs required to play your .AVI files Software: Video software: Video codecs and filters Software: Video software Looking for Itunes for video software, any ideas? Forums: Software discussion Tools - Video software list - Videohelp "Multimedia Software Online" See also Linux AUDIO and SOUND information See also Linux CD/DVD information See also Linux IMAGE EDITORS information See also Linux MULTIMEDIA information See also Linux VIDEO information

Download & Convert Youtube & Flash Videos to other Formats

Online Video Converter Sites

McAfee thinks that the sites are safe, But I would

Use your antiVirus program to Scan the converted file before using it. : Online FLV (Flash Video) Converter : Download online videos direct to ... - convert YouTube videos - Zamzar - Free online file conversion - KeepVid: Download and save any video from Youtube, Dailymotion ... - AUDIO Converter Youtube to MP3 - Youtube to MP3 converter within seconds ... - Media Converter - the fastest free online audio and video converter - Free Online Video Conversion - the Free Online YouTube Video Converter ... - Download YouTube Videos as an MP3, WMV, AVI, MOV, MP4 and more! - How to record video or audio streaming Capture Video Screenshot Using Windows Media Player


DVD Recorders Review (has good info for 11/2004) DVD Drives and Media DVD Recorders: A Simple Shopping Guide - 4/2005 DVD Recorders Do Double Duty - 1/2004 DVD+RW/+R/-R(W) for Linux Blank Media online


Instant Reference Guide to Creating DVDs and CDs - 9/2004 Making Movies: Polish Your Videos With a DVD Menu Make Video DVDs - Internet Video Magazine Burning DVDs Tutorial - 2003 DVD Identifier - Who made your DVD media


Internet Movie Database - IMDb VideoETA - The best source [they say] for DVD release dates Now available on DVD - Film Jabber DVD and video reviews, release information from Yahoo! ... New on DVD Read Movie Reviews, Watch Movie Trailers, Find Movie ... Home Video and DVD | DVD Movies, Video DVD Reviews, Releases, Hardware Channel 4 Film - Latest DVD releases Future Movies | New Movie Releases and Related Features DVDs: Online guide to DVDs, new DVD movies, new DVD releases, TV ... This Week's DVD Releases By SUBJECT- New DVD Release & Reviews: New Romantic Comedies On Dvd | Sci-Fi, Fantasy & Horror Movie & DVD - The Sci-Fi Movie Page MOVIES PLAYING in RTP DVD Ark - Region 2 and Region 0 DVDs from 1997 onwards Easter Eggs in DVDs Making Movies - (moving them) from VHS to DVD - PC World How to make DVD Movies Internet Video Magazine


pending ...


Ultimate DVD Resource and Format Page ALTERNATE - Secrets of Home Theater and High Fidelity CNET CyberTheater: The Internet Journal of Home Theater EE Times EMedia Live! Internet Video Magazine New Line Cinema - In Theaters - CINEMA New Line Cinema - DVD - New Releases Released DVDs Secrets of Home Theater and High Fidelity STEREOPHILE GUIDE TO HOME THEATER


Intel's Pentium D Equipped with DRM Capability FCC's Broadcast Flag Overturned TV Limits Copies (now illegal to do so) DVD-V - DVD Video on DVD-ROMs. D-VHS - digital VHS tapes, for the recording of HDTV and DTV content. if you want to record HDTV onto a D-VHS VCR, you need FireWire ports.

DVI - Digital Visual Interface

(1) (Digital Visual Interface) A digital flat panel interface from the Digital Display Working Group ( The DDWG was formed to create a universal standard for attaching a flat panel monitor, and DVI is expected to become widely used. Based on TMDS signaling, the final draft of DVI was introduced in early 1999. See flat panel display and LVDS. DVI-A - Carries the Analog DVI signal to an Analog Display. DVI-D - Carries the Digital DVI signal to a Digital Display. DVI-I - Carries both Analog and Digital on the same connector. Pictures of DVI connectors (2) (Digital Video Interactive) An earlier compression technique for data, audio and full-motion video from Intel. It provided up to 72 minutes of full-screen video on a CD-ROM with up to 100:1 compression ratio. Intel acquired DVI in 1988 from RCA's Sarnoff Research labs in Princeton, New Jersey, but DVI never caught on. DVI handles WXGA (the whole 1,280 x 768 pixels), anlog uses 983,040 pixels. DVI TV connections are being replaced by HDMI. HDMI may be required to view HD video, if certain AACS content management features are enabled by the content Author. Click here for more DVI info BUT if your HDTV has the first-generation DVI input, you may have a big problem: First-generation DVI did not support HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Conent Protection) back then, these early DVI connectors can't handle Blu-ray or HD-DVD copy protection. The result could be down-rezzing or worse, a blank screen. which is better, DVI (or HDMI) or component video? DVNR - Digital Video Noise Reduction.

DVR - Digital Video Recorders

I've used Scientific Atlantic's Explorer 8300 HDs and TiVos. From what I've read, do not get anything older than the 8300 HD model The HDMI output of the 8300 HD works and is really good, but the HDMI connection, may not provide the audio signal (still rare for HDMI connections [audio cables may be neccessary]). Just learned (1/2006) that Time-Warner is having trouble getting the audio to output through the HDMI connection (requiring separate audio cables). 8300HD DVR Drive Upgrade (add external SATA drives) Scientific Atlantic (purchased by Cisco in 11/2005) Scientific Atlanta Explorer 8240 and 8300 - UPGRADES - WeaKnees MythTV - Linux based DScaler ED - Enhanced-Definition - a video "standard" between SD and HD. If the vertical resolution is less than 720p, but equal to, or greater than, 480p, then the TV is considered to be an Enhanced Definition TV (EDTV).

ELP - Electroluminescent Panel

ELP - Electroluminescent panel

Entropy Encoding (Lossless Compression Algorithms)

Entropy Encoding compression algorithms are lossless, meaning that the compressed signal, when played back, can not be discerned from the original source. ENTROPY ENCODING 1] The source of the data is NOT taken into account when doing the compression 2] Remove repititive sequ3ences 3] Statistical encoding 4] Lossless and reversible SOURCE ENCODING 1] The data is transformed based on the source and its known characteristics 2] lossy or lossless Other common entropy encoding techniques are 1] range coding and 2] arithmetic coding. Entropy encoding - Wikipedia entropy encoding - Lossless Compression Algorithms (Entropy Encoding) Entropy Encoding Summary Information Theory, Inference, and Learning Algorithms arithmetic coding - Paul E. Black NIST Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures EPG - Electronic Program Guide (an on-screen TV guide), There is a defined, yet currently unused, part of the HDTV specification which allows the inclusion of EPG (Electronic Program Guide). Hopefully, this feature will one day be utilized.


Faroudja invented DCDi in 1996, and became especially well-known for their NRS (Native rate Series) video enhancing products, based on Genesis Micro technology. Faroudja Support, Troubleshooting and Customer Service by FixYa Delivering Better Images with Faroudja Technology - PDF Faroudja DCDi Explained DCDi: Information and Much More from Delivering Better Images with Faroudja Technology Faroudja DILA1080pHD and DVP1080 D-ILA Video Projector and HD Digital Video Processor Genesis Faroudja DCDi Genesis Faroudja DCDi Cinema Genesis Faroudja DCDi Edge

FILM Info (Video)

Film Formats (Video) IMDb Film Glossary FiOS - Fiberoptic Service - HDTV over (telephone company) optical cables FireWire = IEEE 1394 = iLink) - FireWire is often used to carry either signal, commands or both in HDTV setups. FireWire was and is(?) the medium of choice for connecting video cameras. FireWire can carry audio, video and control signals all in one high-speed connection. Click here for more information on FireWire

Flash - Recovering Data On

Recover Photos and Files Deleted From Flash RAM Flicker - Click here

FOLED- Flexible OLED

FOLEDs are organic light emitting devices built on flexible substrates. Click here for more information about FOLED

FORMATS (GIF, JPEG) - non-Video Formats (CLICK HERE)

There are 18 different formats in the ATSC standard. Video formats are discussed in this web page (listed alphabetically).

FPT - Front Projection TV

Images are projected forward, to an external screen. Contrast with RPT - Rear Projection TVs.


perfect-resize (was"> ) Altamira Genuine Fractals - allows much larger prints Review of Genuine Fractals Res Up Your Images with Altamira Group's Genuine Fractals

Fractals and Fractal Design Painter

Gardenhose (Fractals)


frontlights - Wikipedia FULL SCREEN = 1.33:1 = 4x3 = NTSC (older, analog) screen aspect ratio.


Taiwan-developed DVD format FVD (forward versatile disc). Taiwan Makers Plan To Produce FVD Burners, FVD-R Discs

GLOSSARIES - HDTV, HOME THEATER and Related Information

A lot of my HDTV related terms are listed in alphabetical order in this web page - not all of these are listed in the Jump table at the top of the page. MY other, large Technical Acronyms and Glossary information is located HERE. SOME OTHER HDTV/HOME THEATER/AUDIO GLOSSARY SITES ARE: Audioholics Glossary Digital Photography Glossary DVD Definitions and Glossary Glossary - DVD Burning Glossary High Def Glossary Home Theater Magazine: Glossary Acronyms - hometheaternetwork DataHiding Glossary, Abbreviations and Acronyms Digital HDTV - Glossary | DigitalTV - DTVMAG Digital - HDTV Glossary Glossary - afterdawn John McGowan's AVI Overview: GLOSSARY build-as-we-go listing of terms used in our reviews - streettech TV and HDTV Glossary - Crutchfield GLOSSARY OF VIDEO TERMS Video Terms / Glossary - videoexpert Video Terms and Acronyms - 1 - D - Part 1 of 3 - Tektronix Video Terms and Acronyms - E - O - Part 2 of 3 - Tektronix Video Terms and Acronyms - P - Z - Part 3 of 3 - Tektronix

GuidePlus - built into some TVs

GuidePlus works no more. UNC PBS is no longer supplying the on-TV channel Guide, GUIDEPLUS (not their fault). Greensboro / Raleigh / RTP NC TVGOS data H.264- MPEG-4 AVC Advanced Video Coding. Cick here for more info HD - high-definition video. HD is usually considered to require at least 720 of vertical resolution (720p) up to and including 1080p. Any resolution greater than 1080p is not currently condidered HD (although it is capable of a an even better picture than is HD. See also: 4K TV RESOLUTION See also: 8K TV RESOULUTION See also: CINEMA 21:9 See also: 1080p See also: 1080i See also COPY PROTECTION. Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules - Gigabit Home Networking - Click HERE

HDCP - High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection

HDCP is Intel's content protection scheme for digital displays, and IS supported by most currently (1/22/2019) available PC monitors. HDCP is also refered to as the EIA/CEA 861/861B Standard If your HDTV or Monitor does not have HDCP, you may not be able to view a High Definition (HDTV) video signal. What is HDCP? HDCP - wikipedia On Windows Vista, DRM, and new monitors Earlier rumors were that HDTVs/Monitors without HDCP would (if the content manufacturer so desired) down-rezz the video signal to a resolution of either 480i (a standard DVD) or 480p. Lately, AACS articles make it seem that the downsizing would be to 960x540 - twice that of a standard DVD, but only one-fourth the possible rsolution of HDTV. HDCP - High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection. HDCP – A Technical Overview - Extron Electronics Click here for more info HDCP v 2.2 12:20 PM 11/10/2014 - is NOT backwards compatible. ALL video equipment in your video viewing MUST be upgradedto HDCP v 2.2. HDCP 2.2 will probably be applied to 4K video signals (movies). HDCP 2.2: What you need to know - CNET Digital Content Protection - HDCP Specifications Everything you know about 4K is wrong thanks to HDCP 2.2 HDCP 2.x Hardware-Assisted Software Client for Android HDCP v 2.1 - was Breached. High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection - Wikipedia A cryptanalysis of HDCP v2.1 - A Few Thoughts HDCP v 2.0 - was Breached. High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection - Wikipedia revision 2.0 - Digital Content Protection LLC


Competes with Sony's Blu-Ray HD DVD format. HD-DVD can use the same DVD stamping equipment (as non-HD DVDs), Blu-Ray can not. A new (5/2006), ugly problem is that withOUT HDMI version 1.3 (not yet [5/2006] available), connection, your HDMI probably can't handle the high speed, high bandwith of the newer lossless AUDIO content used by Dolby's TrueHD and DTS from either Blu-ray or HD-DVD. MMC, Mandatory Managed Copy, lets you make at least one copy of an HD-DVD or Blu-Ray disc to send to a server or a portable player. Click here for more MMC information. Dolby TrueHD is an option on HD-DVDs. Broadcom Unveils Blu-ray/HD DVD SoC Blu-ray backer LG preparing HD-DVD drive Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules


New, Digital FM stations that broadcast a very good digital FM signal with advanced audio encoding, such as Dolby Digital 5.1. Currently, 6/2006, there are not very many of these stations or HD-FM tuners available, although I see that Yahama just released an AVR that can handle HD-FM.


IDIOTS - Version numbers to be banned on HDMI cables IDIOTS - Version numbers to be banned on HDMI cables - HDMI will be a REQUIRED connection for viewing HDTV signals IF, certain AACS advanced content media protection locks are enabled on your DVD or High Definition (HD) video source. Both Blu-Ray and HD-DVD formats will support AACS, and could have this viewing restriction enabled. HDMI 1.4a includes the capability of carrying 3D signals to your TV If your system (A/V Receiver, or HDMI cables) can NOT handle HDMI 1.4a, the 3D signal will NOT be passed to your TV (which also needs to be HDMI 1.4a compliant). HDMI Version 1.4 Spec is out HDMI Version 1.3c is out HDMI Version 1.3b is out HDMI Version 1.3a is now (9/2007) available in AV equipment. I PERSONALLY WOULD ACCEPT ONLY HDMI VERSION 1.4a or LATER (1/2012) Actually, I would always make certain that I had the latest HDMI version! A new (5/2006), ugly problem is that withOUT HDMI version 1.3 (released 6/22/2006), connection, your HDMI probably can't handle the high speed, high bandwith of the newer lossless AUDIO content used by Dolby's TrueHD and DTS from either Blu-ray or HD-DVD. HDMI supports 1080i and 1080p (and lower resolutions). You can purchase a cable (adapter) to convert HDMI to DVI. HDMI 1.2 is capable of transferring data at up to 5 Gbps. In HDMI version 1.3, Speed increased to 340 MHz (10.2 Gbps). The danger with older HDTVs/Projectors, is that HDCP may disallow them from being used because they don't come native with HDMI or DVI inputs. Luckily, there are some guys who have started building HDCP compliant interface boards. DVI and HDMI are completely compatable (I'm not so certain). Yes, HDMI is fully backward-compatible with DVI using the CEA-861 profile for DTVs. The only signal difference (the connectors are physically different) is that HDMI also carries the audio signal, along with the video signal. DVI only carries the video signal. So how do you get your digital audio signal into your HDMI enabled HDTV/Digital Dolby 5.1 AVR? BUT if you your HDTV has the first-generation DVI input, you may have a big problem: First-generation DVI did not support HDCP (High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection) back then, these early DVI connectors can't handle Blu-ray or HD-DVD copy protection. The result could be down-rezzing or worse, a blank screen. From the start, HDMI was defined to carry 8-channels, of 192kHz, 24-bit uncompressed audio, which exceeds all current consumer media formats. In addition, HDMI can carry any flavor of compressed audio format such as Dolby or DTS. HDMI FAQ HDMI cables can carry bi-directional signals, allowing a playback device to interrogate the video monitor and determine what resolutions it can support, and whether or not the display device supports any required Digital Rights Management (DRM). This bi-directional connection can allow a "one-button play", which where the push of a single button can turn on, configure and start delivering content. Do not spend more than $10 for a standard HDMI cable.'s FAQ The Ins and Outs of HDMI HDMI - wikipedia What is HDMI switching? - cnet HDMI switcher roundup - CNET HDMI Video Bus - Info and Pinouts HDMI Swichers - Information about

HDMI Cables

Never spend more then about $10 for a standard 6 foot HDMI cable. Since HDMI is digital, these ultra shielded, expensive cables from your local HDTV store are a waste of money. What HDMI cable should I buy? - CNET


There are now (11/2006) Three different HDMI connectors defined: 1] Type A HDMI Connector - 19 pins and bandwidth support for SDTV, EDTV and HDTV. The connector is 13.9 mm wide by 4.45 mm high. Type A is will work electronically with single-link DVI-D 2] Type B HDMI Connector - Allows a higher resolution than does Type A HDMI connector. Type B has 29 pins (21.2 mm wide) and can carry very high video resolutions, such as WQSXGA (3200x2048). Type B is electronically compatiblewith dual-link DVI. and was defined in HDMI version 1.0. 3] Type C HDMI mini-connector is intended for devices needing smaller sized plugs, such as portable devices. It is the smallest of the HDMI connectors at 10.42 mm by 2.42 mm, but still has the same 19 pin configuration. Type C was defined in HDMI version 1.3. 4] Type D HDMI Connector - an HDMI 1.4 Mini connector, uses the 19 pins of types A & B, but is physically smaller. HDMI Connectors - wikipedia

HDMI Version 1.4

HDMI utilizes three physically separate means of communication: "1] Display Data Channel (DDC). DDC provides a path for devices to report their audio & video specifications. 2] Transition Minimized Differential Signaling (TDMS) 3] Consumer Electronics Control (CEC)." - Maximum PC, September 2010 Introducing HDMI 1.4 INDUSTRY'S FIRST HDMI 1.4 TRANSCEIVER FOR CONSUMER AUDIO/VIDEO HDMI Ethernet Channel - Adds high-speed networking to an HDMI link, allowing users to take full advantage of their IP-enabled devices without a separate Ethernet cable. HDMI Ethernet Channel - 100 Mb Ethernet. In-order-to use Ethernet over HDMI, you will need a NEW HDMI cable, bearing the "with Ethernet" designation (this upgraded HDMI cable shields each wire to eliminate cross-talk). Ethernet data is carried over the existing DDC/CEC ground, HPD hot-plug detect, and Utility pins. Audio Return Channel - Allows an HDMI-connected TV with a built-in tuner to send audio data "upstream" to a surround audio system, eliminating the need for a separate audio cable. Audio Return Channel 3D Over HDMI - Defines input/output protocols for major 3D video formats, paving the way for true 3D gaming and 3D home theater applications. 3D over HDMI. 1.4 source devices must support at least One of the mandatory formats: 1] 1080p/24 with frame packing for gaming content, OR 2] 720p/60 OR720p/50 with frame packing for gaming. The display device identifies it's 3D capability with EDID (Extended Display Identification Data), HDMI 1.4 3D Spec Released to the Public 4K x 2K Video Support - Enables video resolutions far beyond 1080p, supporting next- generation displays that will rival the Digital Cinema systems used in many commercial movie theatres. 4K x 2K Video Support Additional Color Spaces - Adds support for additional color models used in digital photography and computer graphics. Additional Color Spaces Micro HDMI connector - A new, smaller connector for phones and other portable devices, supporting video resolutions up to 1080p. Micro HDMI Connector This connector includes a locking mechanism.

HDMI 1.3c was released on August 25, 2008

HDMI 1.3c changed testing requirements for active HDMI cables, ONLY. So as far as the comsumer is concerned, HDMI version 1.3c is identical to HDMI Version 1.3b.

HDMI Version 1.3b1 - released 3/26/2007

Adds testing requirements for HDMI Type C mini-connector. creates no operational changes from HDMI Version 1.3b and 1.3a.

HDMI Version 1.3b - released 11/9/2007

Version 1.3b is (7/2008) being tested by Manufacturers. Q. What is the difference between HDMI 1.3 and HDMI 1.3a, or 1.3b From HDMI.ORG: For consumers, there is no difference between HDMI version 1.3 and 1.3a or 1.3b. These minor revisions to the specification typically relate to manufacturing or testing issues and do not impact features or functionality. In addition, HDMI Licensing, LLC is actively working with manufacturers to reduce confusion for consumers by de-emphasizing version numbers and focusing instead on product features and functionality. PERSONALLY, I PREFER MANDATORY VERSION LABELLING. Furthermore, I believe (MY OPINION) that only 1.3a, or later, seems to have the correct CEC commands and CEC limits, along with sRGB range clarifications.

HDMI Version 1.3a

HDMI Version 1.3a was released in early November of 2006. BUT, I have yet to personally see any gear supporting HDMI 1.3a (4/2008). 1] Removed undershoot and maximum rise/fall time limits. 2] RGB video quantization range clarification 3] CEC capacitance limits changed. 4] Makes Source termination recommendations. 5] Cable and Sink modifications for Type C 6] CEC CEC Commands for timer control brought back in an altered protocol, audio control commands were added in HDMI 1.3a. ALSO KNOWN AS HDMI-CEC. Samsung calls HDMI-CEC Anynet+ HDMI 1.3a can utilize CEC to control all CEC smart AV devices via a single remote control. HDMI version 1.3a contains CEC (HDMI-CEC). 7] A HDMI 1.3a Test Specification was released along with the 1.3a spec. Guides: HDMI - High-Definition Multimedia Interface Designing CEC into your next HDMI Product Cheat Sheet: HDMI-CEC

HDMI 1.3 was released 6/22/2006

HDMI 1.3 is what you need for new Blu-ray and HD-DVDs. HDMI 1.3 is backwards compatible, and includes these enhancments: 1] Speed increased to 340 MHz (10.2 Gbps). 2] Deep Color - optionally supports 30, 36 and 48-bit RBB or YCbCr color - up from 24 bit color. Deep Color increases the number of available colors within the boundaries defined by the RGB or YCbCr color space, while xvYCC expands the available range (limits) to allow the display of colors that meet and exceed what human eyes can recognize. 3] Broader Color Space - HDMI 1.3 removes virtually all limits on color selection. Next-generation xvYCC color space supports 1.8 times as many colors as existing HDTV signals. A] Lets HDTVs and other displays go from millions of colors to billions of colors B] Eliminates on-screen color banding, for smooth tonal transitions and subtle gradations between colors C] Enables increased contrast ratio D] Can represent many times more shades of gray between black and white. At 30-bit pixel depth, four times more shades of gray would be the minimum, and the typical improvement would be eight times or more 4] Faster Frame Rates - rates can be increased from the standard 60 Hz frame rate, to at least 72 Hz (as some Pioneer Plasma sets can currently [12/2006] support). 5] New mini connector 6] Lip Sync - can automatically synch speech and video 7] New lossless audio formats: can carry Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD Master Audio (These will be on the new HD Blu-ray and HD-DVD disks - SO WE NEED HDMI 1.3.) Sony's PlayStation 3 will debut with HDMI 1.3 (NOT 1.3a, with Pioneer Receivers using HDMI version 1.3 in the Summer of 2007. ENSURE that you will NOT need any features of HDMI 1.3a in your Blu-ray DVD player. Editorial: The Secret HDMI Pact - teamxbox HDMI Cables: An Overview octavainc - HDMI switchers - my friends love these HDMI FAQ HDMI PINOUTS HDMI 1.3 announced 6/22/2006 HDMI 1.3 Doubles Bandwidth, Delivers Billions of Colors for HDTVs HDMI Connectors & Cables HDMI 1.3a & 1.4 Specifications The HDMI 1.2a Spec is out (12/2005). HDMI org which is better, DVI (or HDMI) or component video?

FUTURE HDMI ENHANCEMENTS (all backwards compatible)

HDMI connectors will now be put through certification program (some companies have made them fit a little to loosely). A new HDMI specification, 1.3 includes support for 30-bit, 36-bit and even 48-bit color depth. The new version of HDMI will also enable automatic lip-sync correction (eliminating lip-syncing problems caused by your home entertainment system. There will be a new min-connector for portable devices. HDMI Interface - A Beginner's Guide - does NOT discuss HDMI version 1.3 HDMI - wikipedia HDMI - afterdawn HDMIG = High Performance HDMI Male to Male HDTV Digital A/V Certified Gold Cable HDVI - Cables that convert HDMI to DVI


HD VMD to Battle Blu-ray Disc and HD DVD Versatile Multilayer Disc - Wikipedia Move Out HD DVD and Blu-ray, Here Comes HD VMD - Xbox Another DVD Format, but This One Says It's Cheaper - New York Times NME fleshes out 40GB HD VMD discs, hardware, still prepping for ... BetaNews | HD VMD: The third format that would not die

HDRI - High Dynmaic Range Imaging (also called HDRI)

HDR/HDRI pictures taken by DSLRs is expected to disappear, as new DLSR sensors are being developed that sense as much dynamic range as the human eye. When these sensors come to market, there will be no need to use HDR, as the new sensors can gather all of the HDR/HDRI picture data in one picture. High dynamic range imaging - Wikipedia FAQ - HDR images for Photography HDRI Handbook Overview - I RECOMMEND THIS BOOK HDRI 3D - HDRi Locations - Dynamic Photo-HDR, high dynamic range software - mediachance I do not know anyone who has used this software. High-Res HDRI Map Pack 1 by `smashmethod on deviantART High Dynamic Range Images - Wordpress HDRI-Studio HDRI - one of the world's largest royalty-free HDRI stock libraries. An Introduction to High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDR) Photoshop HDR tutorial. hdri, High Dynamic Range Photography ... MasterClass! - Adobe Photoshop HDRI Tutorials High Dynamic Range (HDR) Photography in Photoshop Merge to HDR in Photoshop CS3 High Dynamic Range Photoshop CS2 HDR How to create HDR images with Photoshop's Merge to HDR ... HOWTO: Fake HDR Photos in Photoshop - Digg Backing Winds: How to Create Professional HDR Images 70+ Stunning HDR images with useful Photoshop Tutorials HDR Tutorial - High Dynamic Range Tutorial John Nack on Adobe: HDR from Lightroom 3 to Photoshop CS5 Photoshop CS5 HDR Pro and O'Reilly HDRI and PS CS5 Webcast - Review HDRI from scratch: Photoshop Tutorial - Articles - Graphic design ... Adobe Photoshop CS5 and HDRI from Adorama Learning Center How to Make HDRI Environments in Photoshop - Digital-tutors: HDRI Workflow with Maya and Photoshop Download ... HDRI Studio Create (photoshop cs5) on Vimeo HDRI Workflow with Maya and Photoshop Photoshop CS5 imaging tip: HDR goes PRO! HDR - Photomatix, Lightroom and Photoshop CS5? - HDR Tutorial Practical HDRI, 2nd Edition: High Dynamic Range ... HDR Tutorial: How to create 'High Dynamic Range' images using ... High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDRI) - panoscan


"HDV is a format for recording and playback of high-definition video on a DV cassette tape" HDV Working with HDV (pixel aspect ratio correction) how to capture hdv without pixelation? - Mac Forums HFS - Hardware Functionality Scan. A check to see if the hardware supports the required DRM (typically HDCP and OPM for computers). HFS utilizes a chip specific "question" whose answer depends on seed, to prevent replaying the previous correct answer.

Hi8 (an 8 mm analog video format)

Hi8 - wikipedia


Robert's HiFi Info


HiQnet - An protocol based on Ethernet, used by some high-end speakers to communicate with each other and with audio equipment to monitor the audio and to then make adjustments.


Home Theater Primer Home Theater Magazine: Glossary Home Theater and HDTV Questions and Answers Home Theater Forum See also HDTV See also Dolby See also Surround Sound See also DTS

HQV - Hollywood Quality Video

The Realta Image-processing chip can enable viewers to get HQV from much lower resolution video sources. See also Silicon Optix's Realta. HTIB - Home Theater In a Box IDTV = Integrated Digital Television = IDTV nothing new, just means that the Tuner(s) is integrated into the TV, no need for a settop box, although you will need a CablecARD (one per tuner) and have to have your signal provider supply you with it (probably rented - i.e., monthly charge, rather than a one-time charge).

HULU - streaming TV shows & movies

Hulu - Wikipedia: Hulu distributes video both on its own website and syndicates its hosting to other sites, Hulu requires Flash Player 10.0.22 or higher. Javascript is required to use Hulu. Hulu - Watch your favorites. Anytime. SOON, NOT FOR free Hulu's Free Glory Days Are Officially Numbered - start charging for content in 2010 At Hulu, 'free' may soon turn into 'fee' - Los Angeles Times - 1/2010 Hulu reviews ( on blippr Hulu Desktop Windows 7 Media Center Integration 1.0 Report: Hulu app coming to the iPhone soon - Webware - CNET How to Reinstall a Working Hulu in Boxee - Boxee - Lifehacker See also: BOXEE See also: NETFLIX


illuminance - Wikipedia


Dave's DVD Image Capture Best Free Digital Image Viewers - Picture / Image Software - Recommendations (Mine) Image Resolution - Wikipedia


IMAX Movies are available on DVD. Some are spectacular. IMAX - the Nature Collection (81 DVDs). Strangly, I don't see these mentioned on IMAX dot com. Best Buy now carries only the NASCAR DVD. IMAX - Wikipedia Amazon dot com has some. Perhaps they are no longer made? I'll try to check. IMAX (home page) - the "Ultimate Movie Experience"


Integrated HDTVs have a built-in HDTV receiver that can handle both ATSC TV and HDTV signals (broadcast over the air). lines are displayed at a time, and all lines are displayed 30 times a minutes (standard TV). HDTV and other formats may not display 50% of the lines every other time (it complicated when converting both picture size and resolution). Interlaced video, required for NTSC (analog) TV broadcasts, depended on the long persistance of the phosphors used in the picture tube to create the illusion that these phosphors were always on. This trait allowed NTSC TVs to first show half of the video lines on the TV, say the odd-numbered lines, and then display the even-numbered lines (this is called interlaced video). If the display is refreshed often enough, and the phosphers are visable most of the time, the human eye puts the odd and even numbered video lines together, and we think that we see the entire video display. Interlaced - CNET Persistence of vision - Wikipedia Interlaced - Wikipedia


I like the OtterBox Defender iPhone 4S Cases


iPhone and iPod accessories: what works, what doesn't


Not all vertical lines of the video picture are displayed at once. Usually half the

IRE - International Reference Units

IRE is a measurement of amplitude in video signals. Black is defined as 0 (zero) or 7.5 IRE (depending on the situation). White is defined as 100 IRE. All brightness levels are included in the range of zero to 100.

ISO Images OR ISO sensitivity

There are two primary meanings of ISO here in the digital world: 1] In Digital Photography ISO measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The same principles apply as in film photography – the lower the number the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain - What is ISO? - digital-photography-school For more information on ISO used in photography, click HERE 2] ISO image file - an exact representation of a CD or DVD, including the content and the logical format. To quote Microsoft's MSDN web page: "An ISO image file is an exact representation of a CD or DVD, including the content and the logical format. ISO files from Subscriber Downloads end with either an .ISO or .IMG extension. The extension might need to be changed to work with your CD writing software:" ImgBurn - Freeware ISO burning software for Windows Guides: How to burn a DVD Folder with ImgBurn ImgBurn carries on from where DVD Decrypter left off! (Well, for the burning part anyway!) ImgBurn is a freeware program that allows the recording of many types of CD/DVD images HOW TO COPY A CD or DVD USING "ImgBurn" I recently had to use create a DVD-R copy of a DVD+R for a neighbor lady whose DVD player could not play DVD+Rs. There were several bad spots on the original, and strangely, my DVD software could not read the original. I WAS able to use ImgBurn to 1] crate an ISO from the original DCVD+R and then 2] burn this ISO to a DVD-R. Thus I ended up with a perfect DVD-R copy created from a DVD+R. RUN ISO IMAGES AS A VIRTUAL DISK (WITHOUT USING DRIVE HARDWARE): Virtual CD-ROM Control Panel for Windows XP (Download) ISObuster DaemonTools Virtual CloneDrive for VISTA - SlySoft

Jaggies - stair-like lines

Artifacts in raster images may be called Jaggies. Jaggies are stair-like lines that appear where they should not exist. Jaggies are often caused by too much or too little aliasing. Jaggies - wikipedia Jaggies: Digital Imaging: Glossary What is jaggies? - webopedia Jaggies - Definition of Jaggies as Used in Desktop Publishing


Juder is a picture instability, introduced when converting one frame rate to another. The process of eliminating Judder was created by Philips, quite a while ago, with it's Digital Natural Motion. It appears that Micronas, with their FRC chip, was the first company to eliminate Judder in HD displays and has licensed this to Loewe, Grundig and Sharp. JVC invented their own system, called Clear Motion Drive. Philip's now has an HD version called Perfect Pixel HD. Juder (scroll down) - imdb CNET Glossary: judder - CNET reviews judder - definition of judder by the Free Online Dictionary ... judder - Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary Telecine judder Six things you need to know about 120Hz LCD TVs - Fully Equipped ...

key2audio and key2audioXS

A Sony copy protection. key2audio and key2audioXS - Sony

LABELS - using Sharpies on DVDs/CDs

I am still reseaching this subject. So, far I've been using sharpies for years, with no apparent problems. In the meantime, here are some existing opinions. It's well documented that the solvents can eat away at the recording layer and cause problems down the road. (from my friend, J). They sell special CD / DVD markers at places like Best Buy. Interesting thing that Joe does, he gets blank DVD cases from Blockbuster that they are going to throw away, and prints the inserts from, or scan them in. That way the case looks awsome. I write labels with a sharpie on the CD. avoid a pen based on alcohol or a solvent - National Institute of Technologies. - The Joy of Labeling DVD Pen: Myth or Reality? Is it safe to write on CD/DVD's with a sharpie? RunRyder - Does Sharpie Damage CD/DVD Disks? Has any one had any luck with lables DVD DVD Skipping - are you using labels? Sticky labels can screwup the playback of your DVDR's


Laser TVs are brighter, clearer, much more energy efficient, and will be half the weight and depth of plasma TVs. Laser TVs are expected in the US by late 2007. Bye Bye LCD and Plasma's, Hello Laser TV - The Death of Plasma Laser TV debuts in Huntington Beach, California Laser TV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Laser Cathode Ray Tube (LCRT) Laser TV, no plasma killer - Engadget Novalux to demo HD Laser TV during Society ... Laser TV: The Next-Gen Screen? - redherring Mitsubishi Harnesses Colored Lasers to Produce New-Generation ... Laser TV unveiled | Futurism and emerging technology: Laser TV - FutureWire Laser TV Laser TV called the next best HDTV technology - sfgate Slashdot - Laser TV - the Death of Plasma? Forget plasma and LCD TV - the Laser TV is coming! Laser TV to topple plasma | The Daily Telegraph Laser TV by 2007? Mitsubishi Laser TV Coming 2007

Layout Compositing / Layers (Graphics)

Layers - Picture-Perfect Photo Editing Layer Photos for Special Effects

LCDs - liquid Crystal Displays

LCD (TVs) are taking over the small and medium display size market (< 60 inches). LCD sets are fairly lightweight and thin. LCDs are bright, have high resolution and won't have screen burn in problems. They are thje most expensive display per screen inch. NOTE: You probably want the ones with FOUR Millisecond response times, NOT the much more common THIRTY Milliscond response times (as they may show steaking during motion scenes). Note that LCD pixels may "die" - possibly effecting your picture quality. There are some schemes used by some manufacturers of Plasma and LCDs to minimize using the same pixels over-and-over (to lengthen the life of individual pixels). I DO NOT THINK THAT ANYONE STILL USES THE SLOWER 30 SECOND RATE, BUT ALWAYS CHECK THE SPEED. These days, I would get at least an actual 120 Hz refresh rate, NOT some softwware enhanced rates that they say is equivalent to 120 Mz. This is to cut down or eliminate the Blurring seen when things in motion are shown. liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs) - Wikipedia "Modern LCD screens, however, are built with an internal light source. Such LCD screens consist of several layers. The backlight is usually the first layer from the back. But in order to create screen images, a mechanism is needed to regulate the light intensity of the screen's pixels. For this, light valves are used that vary the amount of light reaching the target by blocking its passage in some way. The most common element is a polarizing filter to polarize the light from the source in one of two transverse directions and then passing it through a switching polarizing filter, to block the path of undesirable light." - Wikipedia All LCD panel in all PC monitors and HDTV are active matrix panels. (6/2008) However, there are different panel materials (jaguarskx): TN - Inexpensive and good enough for most people. S-PVA / P-MVA - More expensive and overall better IPS - Most expensive panel tech and best for color accuracy. The Lagom LCD monitor test pages - SCROLL DOWN - nookphotography Stuck (Dead) Pixels - Fixing: Stuck pixels are often incorrectly referred to as a dead pixels. Stuck pixels are not guaranteed to be correctable, and can remain faulty for the life of the monitor. UDPixel - Free - finds/tries to fix dead LCD pixels - requires computer video connection Click here for more information How to Fix a Stuck Pixel on an LCD Monitor JScreenFix - A web-based Java Applet that randomly turns on and off each pixel at up to 60 times a second to fix stuck pixels. - Article on how many dead pixels a monitor must have for your specific manufacturer to replace it. Pixer Fixer: save yourself from pixel death Powerbook Stuck Pixel fix The Quick 'n' Easy Online Stuck Pixel Exerciser Download Stuck Pixel Fixer (25 KB; includes source code and GBA binary) Stuck Pixel Sweeper - Download - SourceForge See also: Dark Frame See also: Hot Pixels (brighter than others) Defective pixel - Wikipedia Just when you think that "they" can't screw things up any further, along comes 6-bit LCDs (NOT the usual 8-bits). BE VERY CAREFUL WHEN BUYING AN LCD - in my opinion, you do NOT want to purchase a 6-bit LCD - buy the normal 8-bits. 8-bit LCDs can display 16.7 million colors, while a 6-bit LCD can only display 252,144 colors. 6-bit LCDs usually use techniques such as dithering, or frame rate control (FRC) to try to create a better looking picture. MaximumPC examined three 6-bit LCD models, and they state that the 6-bit LCDs looked less vibrant, with washed out colors. MaximumPC thinks that the 6-bit displays are probably acceptable given their cheaper prices. Investigate your potential purchase very carefully. 120 Hz LCDs - Some LCDs are now using a refresh rate of 120 Hz, in an effort to reduce/eliminate blurring caused by fast motion. Six things you need to know about 120Hz LCD TVs 240 Hz LCDs - Some expensive LCD monitors are now using a refresh rate of 240 Hz, in an effort to reduce/eliminate blurring caused by fast motion. ASV - Advanced Super View), also called Axially Symmetric Vertical Alignment ASV - wikipedia IPS - in-plane switching LCD Panels: See also H-IPS See also S-IPS LCD Panel Technology Explained - S-IPS, S-PVA, MVA and TN Comprehensive List of S-IPS/H-IPS Based LCD Monitors IPS - wikipedia IPS-Pro: Thin film transistor liquid crystal display - wikipedia Bistable Twisted Nematic (TN) LCDs (TN-LCD) are the cheapest, and therefore most common form of LCD displays. It was difficult to achieve the required small voltage differences between ON and OFF with TNs, so the super-twisted nematic (STN) display was developed. H-IPS - is a newer variation of S-IPS with a different pixel structure that improves contrast ratios and lowers pixel pitch to provide better picture quality. more LCoS - Liquid Crystal on Silicon (also called HD-ILA [JVC] SXRD [Sony]) LCRT - Laser Cathode Ray Tube. Click for more information

LEDs - Light Emitting Diodes

LEDs - Light Emitting Diodes - Wikipedia
- Some sets now use LEDs for backlighting (instead of fluorescent light) - such displays warm up faster, last longer and can also be thinner. LED-backlit LCD display S-IPS - In Plane Switching) panels - considered the best overall LCD technology for image quality, color accuracy and viewing angles. more Wide viewing angles up to 178 degress. Fast paced games may suffer from motion blur or ghosting with S-IPS panels that have a response time higher than 8ms - Active Matrix, TFT LCD vs. a-si TFT/TN Very technical discussion of a-si TFT - PDF TFT LCD Types - wikipedia TN Panel Technology the most widely used active LCD type (12/2008), cheapest and CAN have response times between 2ms to 5ms - READ THE SPECS. My opinion only - Gamers should avoid greater than 3ms response times. TN panels use 6-bit color and unable to display the full 16.7 million colors available in 24-bit true color - Instead, they display interpolated 24-bit color. MY OPINION - AVOID THESE (TN LCDs) if you work with digital photogoraphy. Twisted Nematic (TN) Displays TN LCD Types - wikipedia S-PVA - More expensive and overall better than TN TFT LCD Types - wikipedia Active Matrix, TFT LCD vs. a-si TFT/TN VA Panel Technology - Vertical Alignment - VA (Vertical Alignment) technology such as S-PVA/MVA are middle of the road LCD panels. they offer better color reproduction and wider viewing angles than TN panels, but have slower response times. Some suffer from streaking during fast mostion and may exhibit color shifting. LCD Panel Technology Explained LCD Help What is a LCD Monitor? - WiseGEEK LCD See also: Brightness See also: Response Tome See also: Viewing Angle

Lenticular Lens - also used for some 3D

Lenticular lens - Wikipedia Lenticular Lens: Storage, Durability, Viewing Angle etc. Lenticular Lenses Sets - 3dphotopro Alioscopy - Overview Toshiba showing prototype 21-inch lenticular lens 3D display - Sep 10, 2010 What are lenticular lens for eye glasses? - Yahoo! Answers RWC Digital Lenticular How it works! Lenticular printing - Wikipedia $50 Lenticular Lens Makes iPhone 3-D YouTube - Lenticular Lens Photos Lenticular lens - How it works - [Wireless Japan] NTT Docomo Shows Lenticular Lens-based 3D LCD NTT Docomo shows a new Lenticular Lens 3D LCD display ShortCourses-Lenticular Photography - Prints that Move Nishika N9000 35mm Quadrascopic 3D Lenticular Camera Philips 3-D Display Uses Patented Lens Technology And New Software - May 20, 2004 Deterministic Phase Encoded Holographic Data Storage Using Choosing the Right Lenticular Lens File:How a lenticular lens works.png - Wikimedia Commons

LIGHTROOM (Adobe's Photoshop)

Adobe's Lightroom 3 is out, and the is the latest version. Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 3 - Adobe Learn Lightroom 3 - Adobe George Jardine publishes new Lightroom 3 Tutorials - Adobe The ultimate Picasa (knowledge) video collection (Youtube) - collected by Paul Van Roekel Lightroom - Adobe Creative Suite Tutorials Adobe Photoshop Lightroom Tutorials: All the Modules The Online Photographer: Free Lightroom Tutorials Images and Catalog Information in Lightroom and Photoshop Slideshow improvements in Lightroom 3 What I like most in Lightroom 3 LR3 Slideshows don't have to be a yawn LIGHTROOM 4 IS AVAILABLE Photographic Workflow from Lightroom to Photoshop Images and Catalog Information in Lightroom 2 and Photoshop Lightroom 2 Develop Module Printing Images from Lightroom 2 RC talks about retouching photos using some of Lightroom's features Lightroom Retouching Tools Welcome to our free weekly Adobe Photoshop Lightroom video tutorials Important Files To Always Backup Managing Your Images Here's a quick method to match exposures from one image to multiple images Bringing Focus To Your Images Correcting Hazy Images Image Adjustment Brush Tips Getting Images Out Of Lightroom> Sharpen Selected Areas Of An Image With Pin-Point Accuracy Improving Your Sunsets - The HSL Method Shooting Tethered in Lightroom 3 Three Simple Ways To White Balance An Image Beautiful Eyes High Key High Contrast Images RAW IMAGES: Fixing Your Raw Image Previews Cut and Paste Simpleviewer for blogs using Picasa Web Albums How to export to flickr and Facebook using Adobe Photoshop My Long Path To Lightroom Plugin Development See also: BOOKS on Adobe's Lightroom

Lightroom 3 and PicasaWeb

Using Picasaweb from Lightroom 3(LR3)

Jeffrey Friedl's Blog -Jeffrey's "Export to PicasaWeb" Lightroom Adobe Marketplace & Exchange Picasa Web Albums - Peter Meier - Lightroom 3

Lightroom - SimpleViewer-Pro - Full Screen Slideshow plug-in

SimpleViewer-Pro - full screen LR3 Slideshow - $45

Line Doublers

A type of scaler that upscales only. They take an input resolution and interpolate (based on the color of the adjacent lines) a new line in between the real lines, resulting in doubling the number of lines output to your display. Obviously, they can only double lines up to what ever is their limit. line-doubler / tripler / multiplier See also: Deinterlacing See also: Doubling / Doublers (AUDIO) See also: Downconverting See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: Interlaced See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers See also: Upconverting


A compression technique that does not decompress data back to 100% of the original. Lossy compressed data can not be decompressed back to it's orignal signal - the file shrinks through the loss of data - some loss always occurs. The amount of loss depends upon the amount of compression, the algorithms used, and the type of data. Lossy compression provides a high degree of compression. The most loss that can be tolerated provides the most compression (smaller files). lossy compression (SCROLL DOWN) -


Pulse code modulation (PCM) with linear quantization. LPCM is essentially an uncompressed audio format that can similar to CD audio. Some LPCM coders and decoders on the market support sampling rates up to 192kHz and/or sample sizes up to 32 bits. It's a bitstream encoder/decoder. LPCM - LPCM - wikipedia Linear PCM - .M4A = MPEG 4 Audio files are Apple's wrongly named .mp4 audio only files. states that .m4a files can be renamed to (and processed as) .mp4 files. No licenses or payments are required for M4A. What is the difference between M4A and MP4 files? .m4e files are renamed Envivo .sdp files. ( .m4p files are iTunes DRM protected files. ( M4P - Converting Itunes protected files m4p to mp3 files - m4p - M4B AA M4P M4V Converter Guide .m4v files are Apple's wrongly named file extension for .mp4 files. .m4v files are usually raw mpeg-4 video data (not encapsulated in MP4). ( states that .m4v files can be renamed to (and processed as) .mp4 files. Other sources maintain that any file suffix with the numeral '4' in the middle, is DRM protected. Matrix Encoding - Combining surround-sound audio information into normal stereo audio. Variants of Dolby are the most commonly used Matrix Encoding. MB - Megabyte. 1024 times 1024 bytes (10 to the 6th power) = 1,048,576. Mbps - Megabits per second. Millions (10 to the 6th) of bits per second. MEDIA CENTER and MEDIA CENTER EXTENDER (MCE) - Vista)


Sony has also used SunnComm's MediaMax DVD copy protection. How do I know if my SONY BMG disc contains SunnComm MediaMax Version 5 MediaMax Titles - SONY DVDs w/MEDIAMAX - Sony Analysis of the MediaMax CD3 (older MediaMax) Copy-Prevention System See also: ARccOS See also: SONYROOTKITS megapixel - an image/display format with a resolution of approximately 1 million pixels. memory - Computer/digital electronics data storage (usually does not rotate). Examples: RAM - Random Access Memory (does not have to be be read/written sequential). Data in normal RAM will be erased when the RAM is powered off. ROM - (permanent) Read Only Memory (can not be re-written). Some people include CDs, DVDs, Floppies and the like as memory.

MHL port = Mobile High-Definition Link

The MHL 3.0 standard supports up to 4K (Ultra HD) high-definition (HD) video and 7.1 surround-sound audio, including TrueHD and DTS-HD. MHL stands for Mobile High-Definition Link technology, which allows you to display your smartphone's content to a larger screen, all while charging your mobile device (a smart phone, for example). MHL delivers up to 8K 120fps for tomorrow’s home theater products and 4K 60fps and beyond for mobile devices. Introducing superMHL - Are you ready for the next evolution of MHL®? We’re proud to introduce superMHL™, our latest technology specification. For mobile, we’re delivering higher resolution, faster frame rates, support for the USB Type-C connector and 40W of power charging, while expanding capabilities for tomorrow’s living room though 8K video at 120 frames per second, a consumer friendly superMHL connector and picture enhancement features. Mobile High-Definition Link - Wikipedia What is MHL, and why should you care? - CR Imges for MHL ports Mobile 4K video getting wired to TVs through USB 3.1, MHL List of MHL Ready Phones MHL Consortium = MHLtech.ORG


Micro-displays - a new type of RPT wherein weight and size have been significantly reduced, while light output has been increased. Current micro-display types are (proprietary names excluded): DLP - Digital Light Processing. Click here for more DLP information FOLED - Flexible OLED. Click here for more FOLED information LCD - Liquid Crystal Display. Click here for more info LCOS - Liquid Crystal on Silicon. Click here for more info OLED - Organic LEDs. Click here for more info SED - surface-conduction electron-emitter display. Click here for more info SXRD - Silicon X-tal Reflective Display - Sony's version of LCoS TOLED - Transparent OLEDsTransparent OLED displays are about 2 years from production (6/2006). Click here for more TOLED information MHz - One million (10 to the 6th power) Hz (hertz)


Note: MIDI can not include vocals unless it's a proprietary format (not playable elsewhere) MIDI Farm MIDI Format, Links to Millenium Group - The companies that proposed the Galaxy watermarking format (Digimarc, Macrovision and Philips). Mini Plug = 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) audio connector. MKB - Media Key Block, used in CPRM and CPPM to authenticate players.

MLP - Meridian Lossless Packing

Used in DVD-Audio to remove redundancy from PCM auio signals - results in a compression ration of about 2:1 while allowing for 100% (total signal reconstruction) decompression by the MLP decoder.

MMC - Mandatory Managed Copy

MMC lets you make at least one copy of an HD-DVD or Blu-Ray disc to send to a server or a portable player. MMC is very important to computer companies, such as Microsoft and Intel, who want people to be able to use media-Center PCs to store and broadcast (in the house) High Definition movies. Both Blu-ray and HD-DVD support MMC, it is not clear under what conditions, if any, you will be able to make your one legal copy, or if the copies will be free. TBD (To Be determined).

MMCD - Multi-Media CD

Sony and Philip's format - (12/1994) red-laser single-sided, 3.7 Billion-byte standard. MMCD Was formerly called HDCD. MO - Magneto-optical rewritable disks.

MoCA - Multimedia over Coaxial Alliance

"Like Ethernet, MoCA transfers digital content and information, but uses a coaxial cable to do so. So if you cannot access an Ethernet port near your DVR, you can use the same coaxial cable that brings the cable signal to your DVR to connect to your home network." - TiVo I tried MoCA using TiVo's with built-in MoCA (TiVo did NOT state which version of MoCA was used, but since I was working with my older XL TiVo, I suspect it was an earlier MoCA version. While I was able to get my Digital Cable 4-channel XL to see my (bought from TiVo) ActionTec [they seem to have a lot of satisfied customers] MoCA adapter which I had plugged into my 1G Ethernet LAN switch, I was NEVER ABLE TO SEE THE MoCA NETWORK FROM EITHER the third floor HDTV nor the two TVs on the 1st Floor. My Motorola SB-SB6141 Docsis 3.0 Cable modem includes an internal filter to eliminate potential interference from MoCA signals' intermodulation beats - SO - NEED TO REVIEW HOW I ADDED MoCA to my 1G office LAN (to ensure that I did not filter out my MoCA signal. As I remember, I placed the ActionTec MoCA adapter BEFORE the Cable modem, so it should have worked. THUS MoCA did not work for me. I have wired the rest of my house with 1G Ethernet. Most of my COAX is RG6Q (quad-shielded RG6 coax). I had previously installed the TiVo supplied (separate purchase) PoE filter just before my whole house coax splitter. All the Splitters that I can find for my house were previously converted to 3G coax splitters. I DO THINK THERE IS ONE MORE 1G SPLITTER IN MY SECOND FLOOR COAX CABLE (I need to located it), that I have not found. I've read a lot about other MoCA users - seems to either work very well or it never works, for many users. MoCA 2.0 offers two new performance modes with net or actual throughputs of 400 and 800 Mbps, respectively, each with a corresponding turbo mode. - MoCA 2.0 MoCA - Multimedia over Coax Alliance - ORG Multimedia over Coax Alliance - Wikipedia Home Networking of Digital Entertainment Without ... - MoCA Part 1: Part 1: An Introduction to MoCA Part 2: Part 2: MoCA Technology Overview Part 3: MoCA Technology Application and Testing MoCA at CES 2012 Coming Soon – MOCA TV - Technology in the Arts - Blog, podcast ... - January 2012 MoCA Technologies - Mile High Automation MoCA 100Mbps over Coax Trials - in 2005 - MUST be better by now MoCA for Installers - MoCA Technology MoCA Sales Guide 524458-001 Version 3_1.qxp - Motorola Actiontec Ethernet Over Coax MoCA Adapter - Twin Pack - Extreme Broadband - NR - Extreme Introduces MoCA Technology

Monitors - REVIEWS

Just being in this list does NOT mean that the monitor has my approval.

If I recommend any monitor, I will say so.

DELL UltraSharp U2711 Review

DELL UltraSharp U2711 Review - ExtremeTech

NEC AccuSync AS221WM 22" TFT Monitor

NEC AccuSync AS221WM - LCD display - TFT - 22" Review - ZDNet NEC AccuSync AS191, AS191WM and AS221WM LCD Monitors - iTech News NEC AS221WM review - AccuSync Monitors - Retrevo

SAMSUNG B2330H 23 inch Monitor

Samsung B2330H - 23 inch

SAMSUNG 2693HM 25.5 inch full 1080p HD LCD Monitor

I've had this monitor for a year. So far, it works perfectly. It does have that well-known problem wherein the limited viewing angle causes the bottom of the screen to appear brighter than the top. Has a 4-way adjustable stand. This is an 8-bit color monitor. I DON'T BELIEVE IT. All TN LCDs are supposedly 6-bit color. Manufacturers of TN panels use some special techniques to interpolate two more bits of color. It is almost impossible to find the Montor adjustment switches (OCD) without a flashlight. The Brightness Level is factory set at a ridiculous 100%, so you will need to adjust it. Format: 16x10 ratio (slightly wider than HDTV). Type: a-si TFT/TN LCD Display Type WUXGA Resolution: 1,920x 1,200 Viewing Angle: 160 degree(H) / 160 degree (V) I'm not sure that I believe it - I think that verticle viewing angle is not as good as 160 degrees. Pixel-response rate: 5ms Light Source: CCFL Color Gamut (NTSC %): 97% Maximum Colors Supported: 16.7M Contrast ratio: 1000:1, 3000:1 (Dynamic) Brightness: 400cd/m2 Connectivity: HDMI, DVI, VGA HDCP compliant? Yes Included video cables? DVI, VGA Weak built-in speakers. When set to warm - very accurate color tint and did not suffer from looking too red. You will want to make your own Brightness and Contrast adjustments. You may want to make your own Color adjustments. Here are ErkWit's monitor settings (which I found from someone who used an eye2 calibration thingy): Brightness : 17 Contrast : 85 Red : 20 Green : 12 Blue : 23 Sharpness: 40 Samsung 2693HM - cnet Samsung 2693HM Review | ZDNet: Reviews Opinions on the Samsung 2693HM monitor? - tomshardware SAMSUNG 2693HM Glossy Black 26" 5ms DVI HDMI Widescreen LCD Monitor - Newegg Samsung SyncMaster 2693HM 25.5-inch LCD Monitor Samsung SyncMaster 2693HM - 26" - widescreen TFT active matrix LCD Samsung SyncMaster 2693HM Widescreen LCD Monitor - 2693HM -

ViewSonic VX2233WM 22" LCD - ****

Customer Reviews Of ViewSonic VX2233wm Black 21.5" 5ms Widescreen

Monitor Test patterns

TV / Monitor Test Patterns - Nook Photography Links

Mosquitoes (Digital Artifacts)

Fuzzy dots that can appear around sharp edges after digital video compression. Mosquitoes - Digital Artifacts .mov - Apple's Quicktime container format similar to MP4. .mov was the basis for MPEG-4 Part 14 (.mp4) standard. For more .MOV information - Wikipedia

MOVIES - Click here


How to make DVD Movies Internet Video Magazine

MP3 and MP3Pro

MP3s can now limit # of times they are copied. What Are MP3 Files? MP3 Format, Links to

MP3 - MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3

The typical MP3 file bit rate is 128Kbps.

MP3 Pro

combines MP3 with SBR. MP3Pro was developed by the makers of the MP3 spec, to defeat the growing number of competing compression standards that offered better sound quality and smaller files than does MP3. You may be interested in AllofMP3 Supposedly, MP3Pro files offer 128-bit sound quality at a 64Kbps encoding rate, which roughly translates to better quality files (sound) that are half the size of MP3 files.


Global Music's format - Combines MPEG-4 AND AAC. MP4 is a container format for MPEG-4, and examples include .mpg, .ogm, .mpeg. MP4 can be streamed. MP4 FAQ - What is the difference between M4A and MP4 files? MP4 streaming FAQ (.mp4, .m4a, .m4p, .mp4v, .m4v, .3gp, .3g2) MPAA - Motion Picture Association of America


Layer 1 is for digital cassettes. Layer 2 is for radio. Layer 3 for Internet Music (better known as MP3). Making Instructional Digital Video and Audio Work with MPEG/MPEG4


DVD's MPEG-2 Doesn't Map to an NTSC Screen Size. MPEG2 (definition) MPEG-2 - protocols MPEG-4: Looks Great DVD's MPEG-2 Doesn't Map to NTSC Screen Size. North American MPEG-2 Information

MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding) = H.264

Satellite HDTV is expected to shift to using MPEG-4 compression. MPEG-4 does a much better job of compression/decompression and handling motion than does MPEG-2. MPEG-4 supports a variety of media types, including 3D (3-Dimensional) and sprites. MPEG-4 also be used for a very wide variety of bandwidth signals (from cell phones to HDTV), and can integrate many audio formats. In other words, MPEG-4 is very versatile - and does an excellent job transporting signals. MSDL Can be used to manipulate the appearance and sound of MPEG-4 data. MP4 is the offical file extension suffix for the MPEG-4 container format. For more MP4 information, click here MPEG-4 EVER HTML 5: Ogg Theora Vs H.264 In The Battle For A Web Video Standard MPEG-4 is now available in a new flavor - known variously as Layer 10, H.264, or AVC - and it's likely to surpass MPEG-2 in quality-critical applications. H.264/MPEG-4 AVC - wikipedia MP4 FAQ - H.264 Video Codec h264 video fastest mepg 4 encoder high-definition DVD MPEG Industry Forum - Formerly known as M4IF Walsh, AAron E. and Mikael Bourges-Sevenier MPEG-4: Jump-Start PH $35 0-13-060036-9 See also: HTML 5


MPEG-7 is used as a structure to define the management of multimedia data. MPEG-7 Overview MPEG home page MPEG-7 - Wikipedia Moving Picture Experts Group: MPEG-7 Standard IBM MPEG-7 Annotation Tool Supports XML Metadata ... MPEG-7 - Behind the Scenes MPEG-7 ISO - FAQs - MPEG MPEG-7 tackles multimedia content - EEtimes ITL-Led MPEG-7 Application Profile Becomes Intl. Standard MPEG-7 -


Usually called just ACC or MP4.

MSDL - MPEG Syntax Description Language

MSDL is used to modify the delivery of of visual and audio information in MPEG-4 (MP4).


Microsoft has developed MS HD Photo, an HD photo compression algorithm. MS HD Photo will probably be called: JPEG-XR, and will be royality FREE. The JPEG XR Technical Spec Work is Done - Bill Crow Turf war between Microsoft's JPEG XR and Adobe's DNG ... JPEG XR to Supersede 'Old' JPEG Format?: News Discussion Forum ... JPEG XR format from Microsoft | Digital Camera Review Microsoft photo standard comes into focus | Tech News on ZDNet Microsoft's HD Photo Proposed for JPEG XR - Photography News ... Tech news blog - Posts tagged 'JPEG XR' - CNET Microsoft photo standard comes into focus | CNET JPEG XR for Digital Cameras Nears Completion - January 23, 2009 JPG-XR - Press Release, 42nd Meeting - Lausanne, CH JPEG XR Standard from Microsoft - PhotographyBLOG Microsoft HD Photo considered for standardization by JPEG JPEG XR Could Be Neat, but JPEG2000 is Still Neater in Disruptive ... MSO - multiple system operator- an operator that owns multiple cable systems, for example, Time Warner Cable. Multiple system operator

MTS - Video Files - AVCHD media packed inside MPEG2 file containers

I suggest that you read FROM:, There is a lot of good MTS information there. "FFDShow works just fine. I hear Google's Picasa plays MTS files. Would you need a proper Hdcp video card to play those files I wonder? Just have a try with the powerful mts file converter, convert mts can be done perfectly! VLC play well MTS files, but it must be VLC version 1.0.5, the last one available today for free on many places on internet. Also I must have 2G of ram on my PC. VLC (videolan) is and always has been free software as in beer (as well as-in open source free) The best place to get a tamper-free version of VLC is their own website not some random file site out on the interwebs. Sorry forgot to post my results !! I tried the following and it worked perfect. converted all the files to *.avi with HD and it's great !! Program is: Xilisoft Video Convertor Ultimate 6. Recommend this program !!" I simply gave up of all the free stuff from Google search. In the end, I turn to an affordable AVCHD MTS/M2TS Converter from Aunsoft Studio. Lucky for me. The program turns out to be a solid and flexible MTS converter with excellent output quality for my WMP. More than that, it's also a great MTS/M2TS joiner with function of deinterlacing AVCHD files. I suggest you convert the MTS files for editing and playing purposes as working with raw MTS files is too slow. I'm using Pavtube MTS Converter to convert the HD mts video taken from Sony Handycam. The speed and quality was fine for my purposes. The software was very easy to use and I had no issues with converting my files. you can try it. It has windows and mac version. Anyway...if you want to use a custom profile when saving in Movie Maker...have a look at the following info/articles. To find the advanced options... Type...Ctrl+P to open the Save Movie Wizard / Choose...My Computer / Next / Enter a Name and a Save Location / Next / Show More Choices / Other Settings / Open the drop window to display the choices. The 1024x768 profile you can download from the following site would be a good choice. The name of it is: SlideShow-1024x768WMV9 Once you download the .prx it in the following folder: C:\Program Files\Movie Maker\shared\profiles If the Profiles folder doesn't'll have to create it. Movie Maker 2 - Saving Movies - Custom WMV Profiles or... Creating Custom Profiles for Windows Movie Maker 2 or... -- J. Inzer MS-MVP Digital Media Experience Microsoft's Movie Maker will rotate movie clips 90' but you must have XP installed. You can rotate video clips in Windows Movie Maker by doing the following: 1. Import the video clip into Movie Maker. 2. Drag the imported video clip and drop it onto the timeline. 3. On the Tools menu, click Video Effects. 4. To rotate the video clip to the right, drag the Rotate 90' video effect and drop it onto the movie on the timeline. 5. On the File menu, click Save Movie File and follow the instructions in the Save Movie Wizard. For detailed instructions, see Windows Movie Maker Help. Quote: Note that you may need to adjust the pixel aspect ratio of your rotated video so that it looks normal during playback. - FROM: MTS video clip files - Media Player - forums.techarena Convert MTS Video


MP3s can now limit # of times they are copied. What is a MiniDisc and How Does It Differ From a CD? What Are MP3 Files? Digital Sound and Music MediaMonkey RC6 - Windows Freeware

Multi-pass Encoding

When the video encode analyzes the input material many times before commencing with the actual encoding. For more Multi-pass Encoding information


Music Utilities - PC Mag New technology on music CDs limits the number of copies you can make Locate Music Cybercasts MusicMatch RockTropolis Shareware Music Machine SNAP - news,entertainment,music,weather,... Total Recorder Professional Edition 5.2 - $33 Windows Media Player Version 11.0.5721.5260


DRAT - can only play songs from SPIRALFROG on your computer and you can not burn them to CD (they are protected). is now (march 19, 2009) DEFUNCT

HiFi (Music) Information on the Internet

Robert's HiFi Info See also: HiFi

Native Rate (also called Native Resolution)

All HDTVs have a "native" resolution (or "native rate" Internally, all video signals are converted to this resolution, if neccessary, before being manipulated to produce the requested resolution and picture size. LCD, plasma, and DLP use a fixed array of pixels to display images. The dimensions of the pixel array are referred to as the native resolution. The resolution at which a TV or monitor is designed to display images. Image signals higher or lower than a specified native resolution must be converted to be displayed accurately. Native Rates for most LCDs, DLPs and Plasmas is often around 720p (12/2005), although you can now purchase units that support 1080p. Native Resolution - Wikipedia Display resolution - Wikipedia Native Resolution - CNET EDTV vs. HDTV Native Resolutions Native Resolution (scroll down) Resolution (pixels) See also: Deinterlacing See also: Downconverting See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers See also: Upconverting


Neo:6 decodes normal 2-channel audio into 6-channel playback. It creates playback with full-range channels with higher separation, comparable to digital discrete signal playback. Neo:6 consists of two modes: 1] Cinema mode and 2] Music mode.

NETFLIX - Streaming (HD) Movies or via snail mail

Netflix has deals with most hardware manufacturers - You can get streaming Netflix HD movies on your: Boxee PS3 - (Sony) Play Station 3 Roku TiVo Premiere (TiVo 4) or Roamio Microsoft's Xbox 360 Netflix - Overview Netflix - TV & movies instantly streamed online + DVD & Blu-ray ... Netflix - Wikipedia Hacking NetFlix The Official Netflix Blog Netflix: An Honest User Review About Netflix Video Rental! Hands-on: Netflix on the Apple iPad - cnet Netflix - CrunchBase Profile See also: HULU nits - Candela per square metre - a (video / SI) measure of brightness. more

NTSC - National Television System Committee

An NTSC tuner is one that tunes the old style, analog, over-the-air signals. NTSC video signals are displayed in an aspect ratio of 1.33, and are analog signals. The NTSC format is more correctly called the M format, consists of 29.97 interlaced frames of video per second. Each frame consists of 486 lines out of a total of 525 (the rest are used for "overhead" [signal control and extra data, such as SAP]). NTSC TV is being phased out. The current drop-dead (no more NTSC broacasting) date is March, 2008. Also called "FULL SCREEN". HOWEVER, it seems to be more typical to get about 330 lines of vertical resolution from an older NTSC TV. NTSC typically broadcasts about a viewable 450 lines of vertical resolution. HDTVs can produce a 1080p video display. NTSC - wikipedia NTSC - webopedia COLOR TELEVISION, NTSC Tutorials NTSC Video Signal Basics PAL, NTSC and SECAM Comparisons COLOR TELEVISION, NTSC Tutorials NTSC - Wikipedia What cCountries use what Video Signal Standards - NTSC, PAL, SECAM PAL - Phase Alternating Line

OCAP - OpenCable Applications Platform

OCAP is supposed to enable manufacturers of interactive TV and programs to provide support for all functions allowed on the cable company's network. The currrent OCAP 1.0 specification was issued in late 2001. OCAP Primer

ogg Vorbis

Vorbis is an open and free audio compression codec. Ogg Vorbis - Wikipedia Official web site of Ogg Vorbis

OLED - Organic LEDs

Organic LEDs are another TV display option. No backlight is required for OLED displays. OLED TVs were shown at CES 2012, and will be available in 2012. OLED - Wikipedia OLED Info | OLED TV, Displays, Screens, Lighting, Information and ...

OPM - Output Protection Management (Microsoft DRM)

PVP = Protected Video Path. Click here for more PVP information PAP = Protected Audio Path. PVP-UAB = PVP User-Accessible Bus. Click here for more PVP-UAB information SAP = Secure Audio Path PUMA = Protected User Mode Audio Note that no OPM functions are allowed until a Hardware Functionality Scan (HFS) confirms that required (typically HDCP and OPM for computers) DRM handling exists. Optical Digital Audio Connectors - all optical audio connectors for the USA are 6 mm. This is the larger TOSlink connector, not the smaller, "mini-optical connector. (I'm told that since all connectors in the USA are supposed to be 6mm (TOSlink), there should be no confusion.) TOSlink is capable of carrying TWO decompressed PCM audio data, or 5.1 channels of Dolby Digital or DTS-encoded audio data. To cary eight channels of uncompressed PCM audio, you need four S/PDIF or TOSlink connections, all working together (this is not happening). OTA - Over The Air (broadcast) TV shows. See also: Terrestrial (OTA) Antennas & Tuners - LOTS more information here. See also: Information about your local, over-the-air TV channels - See also: See also ANTENNAS OTT - In broadcasting, over-the-top content (OTT) refers to delivery of audio, video, and other media over the Internet without the involvement of a multiple-system operator in the control or distribution of the content. - OTT- Wikipedia Over-the-top (OTT) services: Netflix, Amazon Prime and HBO Go. Is OTT video squeezing your network? - Infographic

PAL - Information About

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS - Pal Secam NTSC World Standards Conversion Transfer Convert PAL system information and the countries that use it PAL, NTSC and SECAM Comparisons PAL - Wikipedia What is the Difference Between NTSC and PAL? What is NTSC, PAL and SECAM PAL to NTSC Software - DVFilm Atlantis Now Only $45 - I DO NOT KNOW THIS COMPANY DVD FAQ - Does it work with NTSC, PAL, and SECAM? - what about Animation? Note - I believe that the Highly recommended $80 "DVD Demystified" Book comes from this FAQ.

PAL to NTSC Conversion

How to convert PAL DVD's to NTSC and vice versa - Articles How to convert PAL DVD's to NTSC and vice versa - Articles ifoEdit - Freeware - IFOEDIT (what it can & cannot do) - Digital Video Forums Convert PAL to NTSC - afterdawn Convert PAL to NTSC using Nero Recode - afterdawn Nero Recode Convert PAL to NTSC using TMPGEnc Xpress - afterdawn TMPGEnc Xpress Convert PAL to NTSC using using AviSynth - afterdawn AviSynth - powerful open source video editor AvsP is an editor for AviSynth files Convert MPEG-2 PAL to NTSC using Pulldown - afterdawn DGPulldown - It can be downloaded from Donald Graft's website DGindex - Creates separate Audio & Video Files - Convert Between PAL/NTSC Video Standards Convert PAL to NTSC with all the trimmings... Pal to NTSC Video Converters (hardware) - DVD FAQ - Does it work with NTSC, PAL, and SECAM? - what about Animation? Note - I believe that the Highly recommended $80 "DVD Demystified" Book comes from this FAQ. Many cheap DVD players play PAL and output NTSC. TOSHIBA SD Color Stream Pro Region Free dvd player Someone did the long slow TMPenc way and yes the results are great but is it ever a pain plus it takes all afternoon for just one movie. Canopus Procoder (the best in someone's opinion.Easy to use but $$$$$$$) Video Help Video Help Guides Video Help Conversion Guides Nero PAL, NTSC and SECAM Comparisons What is the Difference Between NTSC and PAL? What is NTSC, PAL and SECAM PAP - Protected Audio Path - A Microsoft DRM. PAP - Picture And Picture - displays two channels side-by-side, instead of putting one a tiny window. Depending on what formats are being viewed on what screen's aspect ratio, black bars may be visable.

Passive Matrix LCD Display

Passive Matrix LCDs have a more narrow fiewing angle that do Active Matrix, and do not allow multiple people to have a quality view of the display (the narrow angle makes it very difficult for more than one person to view a Passivce Matrix computer monitor). HowStuffWorks "Passive and Active Matrix" Liquid crystal display - Wikipedia Passive matrix addressing - Wikipedia Passive Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays What is passive-matrix display? - A Word Definition Comparison of Passive Matrix LCD Technolgies More recent, better, versions of Passive Matrix LCD Displays: CSTN - Color Super-Twisted Nematic, are improved versions of the Passive Matrix displays DSTN - Double Layer Super-Twist Nematic, are improved versions of the Passive Matrix displays HPA - High-Performance Addressing displays, are improved versions of the Passive Matrix displays Today's Passive Matrix, while much improved, is still does NOT yield as high a quality as does an Active Matrix LCD Display. More PEL - same as a Pixel.

PCM (Linear PCM)

Pulse Code Modulation. Linear PCM is a signal format which digitizes an anlog audio signal, records and transmits the signal without using any compression. Linear PCM is one method used when recording the audio portion of CDs and DVDs. The analog signal is encoded as pulses and then modulated for recording.


My APOLOGIES - it has moved to HERE


IRFANVIEW - Get the Free Graphics/Picture editor/converter/slide shower - Version 4.37 is out IrfanView free from Tucows JPEGcrop - lossless JPEC cropping - free Lossless JPEG cropping tool Picasa3.8 - free from Google PhotoPlus 6 (an older, good version) - free from Serif PIP - Picture In Picture - One small window covers the main channel window. PIP can often be moved around in the entire screen to a desired location.

PIXELS (also called PELs)

Each horizontal line displayed on a TV or Monitor consists of tiny dots, called "pixels". These pixels can be turned off, red, blue or green. To get the total pixel count, multiple the largest number of pixels that can be displayed on the horizontal line, with the number of vertical lines. Note that some displays, such as CRTs (Cathode Ray Tubes) or LCD displays have a fixed number of pixels. Other types of displays, such as RPT sets, can display a variable number of pixels. Pixels generally come in one of two shapes: Square or Rectangular. Since TVs/Monitors generally have more horizontal lines than vertical lines, rectangular pixels was usually the type used. Computer monitors and HDTVs use Square pixels, as they work better for Progressive Scan display modes (the picture looks better). THE TELEVISION PIXEL PAGE


Pixelization on your TV can have several causes: 1] Poor reception (signal strength is too low). THIS IS TYPICALLY THE NUMBER ONE CAUSE of PIXELIZATION. See Download speeds and Quality of Service (QoS) for more info If on cable, open a complaint about the signal quality. Causes can include: bad cable, bad splitter, bad connector, router, dirty fiber, bad connection 2] Signals that are compressed too much will often yield pixelization - this is caused when the Cable or Satellite company is compressing the TV signal too much, in an effort to squeeze more stations in the alloted bandwidth. I have read reports in the past, that Comcast was doing this in some locations. I have also heard (this may be false) that some of the TV satellite are using to much compression. What causes pixelation? Experiencing Pixelation using analog TV converter Box Pixelation in HD content: The signal or the television? Pixelization - Wikipedia HD/digital pixelization + sound problems? - tomshardware Pixelization of a Font - wolfram See also Blurring for more similar information Plasma (TVs) are bright and detailed, but offer a better black level than most LCDs. Unlike LCDs, some models of Plasma sets can get burn in if you run them too hard (perhaps have the contrast turned up high) or watch too much TV with the channel's Icon displayed on the screen. The best sets can be close to tube displays in picture quality. Quality of Plasma sets, like most things, varys significantly. BURN PROTECTION - There are some new tricks being used to extend the life of Plasma TVs, including: the pixel orbiter, another trick to avoid burn-in is to turn off pixels that have been on for too long a time. User should watch as many shows in Wide-screen mode as possible (any why not), as this prevents continually using the same pixels for the sidebars. Keeping your plasma TV as cool as possible will also prolong it's life. Most TV manufactures are now quoting the lifespan of their plasma TVs as 60,000 hours. See also However, Plasma TVs do get more dim as they age, so their lifespan is usually considered to be the half-life of the phosphors, so that would mean abour 30,000 hours. DLP TV vs Plasma TV SED might just leave plasma in the dust. Plasma Facts: A compilation of information to reveal truths/misinformation aboutplasma display technology - 2005

PlayReady DRM

Microsoft announced PlayReady, a new Digital Rights Management (DRM) system to allow the use of DRM protected content on multiple devices for a single fee. PlayReady may not be in commercial use for some time. It could be used on any platform (any operating system, any heardware [if so programmed]). PlayReady DRM- C/Net POP - Picture-Out-of-Picture - uses about three-quarters of the screen to display one channel and then shrinks down the other channel to display it in the remaining space. This leaves black bars at the top and bottom of the screen where the secondary channel displays, but unlike PIP, there is no window covering a portion of the first channel. See also PAP.


More information coming soon. See also: AFCI See also: GFI - Ground Fault Interrupters (Also called GFCI and RCCB) See also: Natural Gas Electric Backup Generators See also: Surge Protectors See also: UPS and AVRs See also: Whole House Surge Protectors


polarization filter - Wikipedia

POWER CONSUMPTION of Household Appliances

Appliance Electricity Consumption Calculator - HydroOne Appliance Power Consumption Calculator 2 - Romsey Australia Power Consumption Caluculator - Macfarlane Generators Appliance typical power consumption information Power Consumption Table - ABS Alaskan Alternative Energy Estimation of power consumption for household electric appliances ... Why are my power bills so high? Which appliances ... - Howstuffworks Appliance Consumption Chart Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic ... - EERE Check the power consumption of your appliances Consumption of Electricity by End Use and Appliance CalculatingConsumption


Appliance Standby Power Consumption Store Survey 2005/2006 - Final ... - PDF Appliance Standby Power Consumption - Store Survey 2004/2005 ... - PDF Whole-House Measurements of Standby Power Consumption Appliance energy use - scroll down Standby Power Leaking Electricity: Standby and Off-Mode Power Consumption in ... Perspectives for Reduction of Standby Power Consumption in ... Whole-House Measurements of Standby Power Consumption - data for year 2000 - UC Berkeley Standby Power Home Page Standby Power FAQ The basics of TV power consumption - cnet's quick guide Standby Electricity Perspectives for Reduction of Standby Power Consumption in ... Standby power - wikipedia Energy cost of PCs on standby For Currency Calculators, Click Here


All lines of a video picture are displayed at once, from top to bottom, instead of displaying some, then displaying the others (interlaced). Regular (analog/NTSC) TV is interlaced, and refreshes the display of 50% of the lines once, sixty times per minute. Some TVs/Monitors will de-interlace interlaced video, to create progressive scan video. Interlace vs. Progressive Scanning


program and system information protocol. Within their signal, digital stations send channel remapping info via something called PSIP. If I'm tuning to ch 45 to watch HDTV, why does the display say 7.1 PVR - Personal Video Recorder. I see no real difference between a PVR and a DVR PVP-OPM Protected Video Path Output Protection Management. Downgrades video resolutionor blocks tghe picture entirely if the connected display doesn't support content protection. PVP-UAB Protected Video Path User-Accessable Bus. Encrypts video content as it passes over the PCi-Express bus from the high-def disc to prevent other PCI Express devices from intercepting the video stream.

QAM - quadrature amplitude modulation

QAM stands for quadrature amplitude modulation, the format by which digital cable channels are encoded and transmitted via cable television providers. QAM it allows you to pull in certain (UN-encrypted) digital cable channels without the use of a set-top box. - CNET If you have a QAM tuner, you will not need a CableCARD to view UN-scrambled (non Pay channels, such as HBO) . QAM (television) - Wikipedia How to get 'free' HD with a QAM tuner - How To - CNET Qam Tuner - QAM Tuner QAM Tuner FAQ How can I tell if I have an internal digital QAM Tuner?

Rear Projection TVs (RPT)

Rear Projection TVs is probably the cheapest way to buy a large screen size. In bright light (sunny rooms) most RPTs appear washed out. RPTs are also bulky and heavy. Some RPTs are meant to be on a stand, which is usually optional (additional cost). Newer types of RPTs, Micro-displays, are available. The Whole Picture on Projection Televisions - BestBuy Click for more info on Micro-Displays. QT - Quick Time. Contains some DRM features. RA - RAM -


Coming Soon... RMA - Regional Management

REALTA - a programmable HQV video chip

While 1080p was the big story at CEDIA (2005), high resolution is far from the only factor in producing a high-quality image. For example, it's very encouraging that several manufacturers have turned to Silicon Optix's Realta image processing chip to improve picture quality, even if it is a more expensive solution than others. Some of the products incorporating the new Realta chip include NEC's premium plasmas; Yamaha's DPX-1300 front projector; 3M's videowalls; Digital Projection's, Lumagen's, and Calibre's dedicated scaler/improcessors; and Runco's Vivix-enabled displays. Silicon Optix Announces Realta Chip Home Theater: Hollywood Quality Video for Home Theaters Runco Integrates Silicon Optix Realta Silicon Optix room provided the show's most spectacular video demo - Home Entertainment Show 2005 Denon Selects Realta ... The Realta Chip - Bringing Teranex's Hollywood Quality Video to the Home The Faroudja chip, and now the Realta chip Ultimate AV: CES 2005 Oddz 'n' Endz Why 1080p? - Part 2 - A Brillian(t) Case See also HQV - Hollywood Quality Video.


YAMAHA 980 Watt 7.1 Digital A/V Receiver - handles 9.1 surround sound speakers AVR

Reel60 technology

Hitachi has developed what it calls Reel60 technology to reduce Judder. Instead of just increasing the TV's Rrefresh Rate, doubling the rate to 120 per minute by showing eash frame twice, Reel60 interpolates a new frame between to existing frames to create a smother transition from one actual (existing) frame to the next. Hitachi's Reel60 processing technology eliminates 'judder ... HDTV Info Europe - Reel60 technology should solve 24fps judder errors Reel Sixty Super8 wedding films on DVD and video Hitachi Announces Reel60 Film Processing Technology DVD Reviews, Home Theater Equipment Reviews, Home Theatre Setup ...


Online Magazines Recommended Reference Books

REFRESH RATE (Vertical, Video)

Many people can detect the 60 cycle refresh rate that is used for both HD and NTSC TV. Flicker (screen) - Wikipedia Maximum Resolution - BEST BUY - 2/2016 1920 x 1080 1366 x 768 3840 x 2160 1080 x 1920 1280 x 1024 3840 x 2160 (4K) 1024 x 768 1600 x 900 2560 x 1440 1680 x 1050 2560 x 1080 Refresh rate - Wikipedia A lot of new LCD monitors have a refresh rate of 120 HZ, double the normal rate of 60Hz. This higher refresh rate helps eliminate blurring, which may be seen while viewing fast moving sceens in videos or games. 120Hz LCDs Click here for more information about FLICKER


get original equipment Replacement Remote Controls for Electronic Equipment Worked great for us - should have done it sooner - exact same remote control. Someone recently recommended (I know nothing about this company): MR Remote - 1-800-294-3889 Since original remotes or remotes that you are using likely will not have overt part ID information you will need specific information relating to the TV with which it is being used from the TV or it's original documentation that came with the TV.

Reon-VX HQV by Silicon Optix

Reon-VX HQV (Hollywood Quality Video) provides an advanced form of video processing. Faroudja DCDi vs HQV Reon-VX - Silicon Optix Brings HQV Video Processing to the Mainstream with Reon-VX (5/7/2006)


"Response time is the amount of time a pixel in an LCD monitor takes to go from a fully active (black) to fully inactive (white) and back to fully active (black) again" ( Response time: the faster, the better? - CNET reviews LCD TV and Image lag: LCD Response Time LCD TV Buying Guide: LCD TV Misconceptions: Six Common Myths LCD TV Response Time, Why it's Important LCD response time. 2ms? 5ms? - GameDev.Net Discussion Forums Top Tip: Does LCD response time really matter? Response time (technology) - Wikipedia LCD Response Time Test - Developer Zone - National Instruments LCD Response Time

RF (Radio Frequency) - New Remote Control Specification

A new RF Remote Control protocol is being developed (6/2008) to handle more advanced functionality (which can not be handled by today's protocols. The new protocol (standard) will be based on the IEEE 802.15.4. MAC/PHY radio technology specification in the 2.4-GHz frequency band. New RF remote control spec planned for consumer devices RGBHV - An RGBHV cable splits the video signal into five (5) parts, red, green and blue color information, plus horizontal and vertical sync info. These five cables are usually terminated with either RCA or BNC connectors.

RESOLUTION (also called "rez"

Video content and video displays (TVs/monitors) have two resolutions: 1] Vertical Resolution 2] Horizontal Resolution - not very relevent. Vertical Resolution is the number of scanning lines presented by a video display from the top of the display to the bottom. NTSC has a theoretical vertical resoluion of 480 lines (interlaced). HDTV has a vertical resolution that can be 1080 (progressive) lines. Horizontal Resolution is the amount of line detail (usually measured in pixels) that can be contained in a video format in each horizontal scanning line. NOTE that there are schemes in place to prevent your being able to view a High Definition video signal if your equipment: 1] Does not have HDMI inputs 2] Is not HDCP compliant These features are enforceable by AACS and other COPY PROTECTION schemes. These schemes are built-in Blu-ray DVDs and HD-DVDs (although the the "flags" telling the hardware to restrict viewing to compliant hardware only, might not be turned on in the media that you wish to view). Early HDTV adopters screwed by HD-disc rules Display Resolution - Wikipedia See also 330 See also 480i See also 480p See also 720p See also 960x540 See also 1080i See also 1080p See also HDTV Interlaced See also NTSC See also Progressive Scan

All Variations of RGB

RGB - Red, Green Blue color channels

(monitor) VGA connector = RGB = D-sub 15 = mini sub D15 = mini D15 = three-row 15 pin DE-15 RGB color model - Wikipedia RGB color space - Wikipedia RGB to Color Name Mapping(Triplet and Hex) Digital compositing for film and video - Google Books Result RGB World - Understanding Color HTML Colors RGB (Eclipse Platform API Specification) Web Design Group's RGB Values Page ColorMixers grew out of my simple, yet popular color tool See also: Adobe RGB (1998) See also: ProPhoto RGB See also: RGBHV (cable) See also: sRGB See also: srgb.icm

Adobe RGB (1998)

Adobe RGB color space - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Many professional workflows are built around the Adobe RGB (1998) ICC color profile - Photoshop 5.0 and later Adobe RGB (1998) Color Image Encoding - PDF Should I Shoot in the Adobe RGB or sRGB Color Space? The Great sRGB Versus Adobe RGB Debate - Photo Tips @ Earthbound Light To demonstrate a real-world difference between Adobe RGB and ProPhoto RGB Flickr: Discussing Srgb Vs. Adobe RGB on the web Canon PIXMA iP3300 printer Windows Adobe RGB 1998 Installer Gamut comparison, Eizo CG211 vs Adobe RGB color space ProPhoto RGB is a much larger gamut than Adobe RGB Adobe Forums - AdobeRGB(1998) working space/monitor Adobe RGB (1998) - Recipes for Disaster: Turn Color Management Off - Emulate Photoshop4 sRGB? huh? Adobe RGB? what? - Photography QnA at Digital Light and Color Message Boards: Adobe RGB sRGB vs Adobe RGB: The Truth - I set my D70 to shoot JPEG images in Adobe RGB but when I download my ... > images Adobe RGB or sRGB setting on Canon 40D (which to use) - Adobe Wide Gamut RGB color space - Wikipedi Changing files from Adobe RGB to sRBG?? See also: ProPhoto RGB See also: RGB See also: RGBHV (cable) See also: sRGB See also: srgb.icm

ProPhoto RGB

Understanding ProPhoto RGB To demonstrate a real-world difference between Adobe RGB and ProPhoto RGB ProPhoto RGB is a much larger gamut than Adobe RGB See also: Adobe RGB (1998) See also: RGB See also: RGBHV (cable) See also: sRGB See also: srgb.icm


sRGB - An agreement to standardize how to handle colors, originally for Monitors, but now for any monitor, printer, scanner, or camera. sRGB means (ITU-R BT.709 primaries, 2.2 gamma, 6500 degrees Kelvin, no luma spec but try 30 fL for consistency with video). Click here for more sRGB info sRGB vs. ADOBE RGB 1998 A Standard Default Color Space for the Internet - sRGB The sRGB Conundrum - Inside Lightroom - Lightroom uses ProPhoto RGB Color space Should I Shoot in the Adobe RGB or sRGB Color Space? sRGB vs. Adobe RGB - The same old-wives-tale about Adobe RGB having a broader range of colors - Ken Rockwell sRGB - Wikipedia The Great sRGB Versus Adobe RGB Debate - Photo Tips @ Earthbound Light help - sRGB versus Adobe RGB (1998) - SmugMug sRGB profiles - The sRGB v4 ICC preference profile is a v4 replacement for commonly used v2 sRGB profiles Flickr: Discussing Srgb Vs. Adobe RGB on the web sRGB? huh? Adobe RGB? what? - Photography QnA at Adobe RGB or sRGB setting on Canon 40D (which to use) - Changing files from Adobe RGB to sRBG?? See also: Adobe RGB (1998) See also: ProPhoto RGB See also: RGB See also: RGBHV (cable) See also: srgb.icm


my printer needs this srgb.icm - FILExt Forum Files Needed sRGB.ICM ON CD-ROM - Tech Support Guy Forums sRGB.ICM Error - Tech Support Guy Forum Can't find files serscan.sys and sRGB.ICM sRGB.ICM - Missing File sRGB.ICM - XP Hardware Color Management (ICC) - "sRGB.icm" sRGB.ICM - Support. Visit our forum to discuss sRGB.ICM.


Recording Industry Association of America RIAA RMC - Room-mode Correction - audio corrections made to counteract any of a room's audio "problems".

ROAD RUNNER (North Carolina)

Road Runner Help Road Runner Email Settings: - INCOMING - OUTGOING (probably set by default) - NEWSGROUP SERVER - Web Mail (via Firefox, Internet Explorer, etc. Road Runner/Time-Warner (RTP area) is using DOCSIS 2, not 3.0. See also Time Warner Cable

ROKU - Streaming Netflix & other consumer products

Wikipedia: - "Roku - a consumer electronics firm which specializes in home digital media products, including the first Netflix streaming receiver box". ROKU-3 - released 2015 Roku Digital Video Player - Watch Netflix, Amazon Video On Demand ... Roku Netflix Player | Watch Netflix Ready Devices Instantly on your TV Roku SoundBridge plays your PC or Mac digital music files anywhere in the house Roku HD Player (Netflix Player) Digital Media Receivers reviews - cnet - Roku's Netflix Player: a hands-on review Radio Roku - The Best Internet Radio Guide Roku Forums - Index page See also: NETFLIX ROM - Read Only Memory (can not be over-written).

ROUTERS - Home & Small Office

Desired ("REQUIRED") Router Capabilities (MY opinions)

ROUTER VULNERABILITIES / SECURITY 1] Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) 2] NAT - (Network Address Translation) is the translation of an Internet Protocol address (IP address) used within one network to a different IP address known within another network. 4] Protocols must include: DHCP, PPPoE, TCP 5] At least Four (4) Gigabit Ethernet (10/100/1000) Ports for computers, TiVos, etc. (plus one for your Cable/DSL Modem) 6] HTTP - GUI management (manage Router via your web browser) 7] Auto-sensing Ports (both "Polarity" (MDI/MDI-X) and Speed) 8) Features: VPN Pass-Thru (allow VPN connections to go through the Firewall) Firewall Protection - You NEED a Hardware Firewall DHCP Server Auto-uplink auto MDI/MDI-X) (straight-through or Cross over detection & Connection) 9) QoS 10) If it is a wireless router, it needs to support WPA2 encryption. 11) I would consider a Gigabit Router - the prices have come down a lot. A Gigabit Router will only improve throughput if it is connected via Gigabit Ethernet connections between two devices on your network - in other words, a really typical home user will have no use for one. Notes: Unless you have/install Gigabit Ethernet cards and CAT6 Ethernet cables, a Gigabit Router will NOT increase your throughput. Unless you now, or later, want to transfer large files or run streaming video through your router, a Gigabit Router will NOT really be useful (so perhaps you do NOT want one). NOTE - I highly recommend NOT (my opinion) buying a Router with an LCD screen. My Opinions on these LCD screens also applys to LCD panels on UPS/AVR systems. 1] It adds to the cost of the device. 2] These LCD screens take power to run 3] Just something else to break 4] You don't need this information - get it from normal lights or a web browser connection. 5] They can be hard to read 6] or it might be on the "wrong" side of the Router in your setup, so you can't readily see it. NICE ROUTER FEATURES TO HAVE: 1] Deep Packet Inspection - probably impossible to CURRENTLY (1/2010) find on a reasonably priced Router DPI will come with the next generation Routers. 2] A mechanism for prioritizing packets (ONLY if you do unique things, like VoIP, Gaming, streaming video) and these packets run through your Router. See also: Router Reviews - Home / Small Office See also: Routers / Switches / Hubs - Enterprise ROUTING

ROUTER REVIEWS - Home & Small Office


I, personally, have decided not to buy another D-Link router - this is my opinion. D-Link Xtreme N Gigabit Router - D-Link D-Link DIR-655 Xtreme N Gigabit Router Router reviews - CNET Reviews D-Link DIR-655 Extreme N Wireless Router D-Link DIR-655 Xtreme N Gigabit Router - D-Link DIR-655 Xtreme N Gigabit Router Networking & Wireles Review - PC World D-Link DIR-655 Reviews - testfreaks


Linksys WRT54G

The WRT54G was one of the best and most popular routers. OF COURSE, IT IS FAR TO SLOW FOR THESE DAYS. It came in many different versions. There is open source code available to download onto most versions of this router - the open source code allows even more features and options (of course, if your warentee ist still good, unlikely, this VOIDS your warentee). The Open Source WRT54G Story - Tomato Firmware - Linksys WRT54G series - Wikipedia Unleash Your Router - Upgrade the Linksys WRT54G with open source firmware - Engadget WIFI-BOX - WRT54G(s) GPL Firmware | Get WIFI-BOX - WRT54G(s) GPL ... - sourceforge Linksys WRT54GL Linux-based Open Source Firmware... - extremetech Your Resource for WRT Routers - See also: Routers - Home / Small Office See also: Routers / Switches / Hubs - Enterprise See also: ROUTING


Because RPC1 did not provide Regional Management (DVD's made for one region can not be played on a DVD player made for another region), RPC2 was developed. All (DVD) drive manufacturers are required to implement RPC2. RPC2 drives maintain the region code and region change count (region codes can be changed 5 times), in the drive firmware. After the five times, only the manufacturer can change region code. RPC2 has four region states: 1] None - the drive region has not yet been set. 2] Set - the drive region code has been set. 3] Last Chance - the region-setting counter is '1', and the drive region can be set one more time (The counter starts at '5', and is decremented when a region code change is made). 4] Permanent - The region-setting counter is '0', and the region can no longer be changed.


Sony's high-resolution audio format that's was competing with DVD-A to eventually replace CDs. SACD discs are not backwards-compatible with current CD players. However, dual-layer hybrid discs have been introduced that allow a SACD player to access the high-resolution layer and a standard CD player to play back the regular top layer. Music companies are dis-continuing support for SACD. Sample Rate - The number of times a digital sample is taken per second (Hertz). SAP - Secondary Audio Program. Some TVs and DVDs can handle SAP, which is usually is used to present the audio portion of the program in another language, such as Spanish. SBR - Spectral Band Replication


Electronic circuit usually capable of converting video picture (vertical) resolution (up [up-converted] or down), de-lacing (also "delacing") or inter-lacing, and coverting the display ratio (picture dimensions). Digital recording is done a 30 frames per second, and film is recorded at 24 fps. One of the (usual) tasks of Scalers is to convert from one speed to another. Smart Scalers can detect the rate (24 or 30 fps) at which the video content was originally shot, and using this knowledge, automatically adjust the video (if necessary) to create a better looking picture. Line Doublers, Progressive Scan - ajaynejr Gefen Home Theater Video Scaler ~ $400 Centerstage scalers (Focus Enhancements, Inc.) See also: Deinterlacing See also: Downconverting See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: DVI See also: HDMI See also: HDTV See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Switchers, Video See also: Upconverting


Modern Displays are tending to use 120 Hz scan rates. Modern scan rate converters often upgrade standard 60 Hz signals to 120 Hz. Some higher-end LCD sets are using 240 hz scan rates to overcome blurring during display of high speed action movies. Scan rate Scan rate conversion - PDF General 120hz and DVD question Trick play using crt scan modes invention SCMS - Serial copy management system, used to limit the number of copies that can be made from copies. SD - Standard Definition (DVD) - a maximum of 480i. If the TV has a vertical resolution of less than 480p, but it can handle DTV signals (even though signals with higher resolutions will be downconverted to fit the display's resolution), the TV is considered a Standard Definition TV (SDTV). SDMI - Secure Digital Music Initiative.


If you Cable TV provider uses SWITCHED DIGITAL BROADCAST, as Time-Warner/ Road Runner does in the RTP, NC area, you MUST use a TUNING ADAPTER in addition to your CableCARD to properly view Digital TV and digital HDTV signals. T-W provides a Cisco STA-1520 Tuning Adapter along with my M-CARD. Furthermore, your M-CARD (Multi-Stream CableCARD) will NOT retain it's decryption and activation codes without the Tuning Adapter. Switched Digital Video Architecture Overview - PDF Switched video - Wikipedia Making Cable More IPTV-Like - Switched Digital Broadcast (SDB) Cablevision Deploys Switched Digital Broadcast - In hopes of saving some precious bandwidth SDB = Switched Digital Broadcast = SDV = SWB SDV = Switched Digital Video = SDB = SWB SWB = Switched Broadcast = SDB = SDV SDTV - ATSC Digital TV = DTV. This is "SDTV" - Standard Definition TV - the new, (digital) TV Standard; replaces NTSC Analog TV. THIS IS NOT HDTV, but it is Digital video.

SDV - Switched Digital Video - an historical perspective

CURRENT SDB - SDV - SWB information is HERE Switched (Digital) Video - Wikipedia Switched Digital Video - Will it impact you? - TiVo HowStuffWorks "How Switched Digital Video Works" Switched Digital Video - Time Warner Cable - Carolinas BigBand Likes FCC's Switched Digital Video Ruling - 2009-06-29 21 ... Switched Digital Video - Cisco Systems Switched Digital Video Tuning Adapter FAQ-clean.DOC - CableLabs TiVo and cable industry unveil Switched Digital Video workaround ... Time Warner to deploy Switched Digital to 50% of their markets in 2007 SDB = Switched Digital Broadcast = SDV = SWB SDV = Switched Digital Video = SDB = SWB SWB = Switched Broadcast = SDB = SDV


SecuROM is Sony's CD-ROM and DVD-ROM copy protection. More info SDTV - whatis.techtarget SED - surface-conduction electron-emitter display. Both Toshiba and Canon recently (1/2006) demonstrated this technology, which could provide CRT-like image quality from extremly thin flat panels. Light is emitted by phosphor dots that coat the inside of the screen. These dots are masked by green, blue, or red filters, which is used to display a single pixel. SED uses a grid of emitters to fire electons directly at the desired phosphor dot. A SED panel is thin, only a few centimeters. Because SED only sends power to dots needed for displaying the image, SED consumes less power than most other types of displays. SED TV - New Flatscreen Technology SED HDTV information - SED/NED - scroll down to SED The SED HDTV: Delayed Again? - 12/21/2006 The Future of Flat-Panel TVs Serial Digital Interface (SDI) - A professional digital video connection format using a 270 Mbps transfer rate.

Slingbox by Sling Media

Wikipedi - "The Slingbox is a TV streaming device that enables users to remotely view their home's cable, satellite, or personal video recorder (PVR) programming from an Internet-enabled computer with a broadband Internet connection" Slingbox - Wikipedia Sling Media - Home - Watch Your TV Anywhere with a Slingbox Slingbox PRO-HD - Slingbox Products Sling Community - The Official Community for the Slingbox Sling Media Slingbox Video Players and Recorder reviews - CNET Reviews Slingbox - PCWorld How Slingbox Works - HowStuffWorks

Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR)

The ratio of pure signal to extraneous noise, in Decibels (dB>). Also referrred to as S/N.

PS3 - (Sony) Play Station 3 The PlayStation3 has built-in Wi-Fi, huge storage for games, add-ons, music, videos, photos. Its built-in Blu-ray player shows HD movies at 1080P. The included Blu-ray DVD player is still considered one of the best, but it has no remote control, and does NOT do a good job up upscaling regular DVDs to higher resolution (so all the PS3 forums say - THEIR OPINIONS). SEE also XBOX 360 See also XBOX 360 vs PS3 - OfficialSite PlayStation 3 - Wikipedia Sony PlayStation 3 - PS3 Games, Cheats, Walkthroughs, News ... - Sony PlayStation 3 and PS3 Games: PS3 news and reviews - Sony PS3 Pictures - PS3 Games - Sony PlayStation 3 Pictures ... PS3 Vault PS3 update: Sony to disable PlayStation 3 operating system feature PS3 - PlayStation Universe See also: NETFLIX


Playstation 3 (PS3) Upgrade Kits (bigger HDDs)

SPDC - Self-Protecting Digital Content

"Cryptography Research's" proposed self-protecting digital Content scheme. At startup, each playback device loads SPDC decryption software into a security virtual machine. In the event that the security handling software is "cracked" (defeated), new SPDC software, that operates differently, can be created for managing newer DVDs - this ability to change the decryption techniques would allow content vendors to side-step known decryption cracks. In other words, your expensive HD playing device might no longer be allowed to play new HD content. The ramifications, as I understand them, are horrible. If "Joe" cracks the decryption algorithm for your "expensive gadget", the content vendors could make your "expensive gadget" not able to play any new HD content, forcing you to buy another, newer, "expensive gadget", even though you did not circumvent the SPDC decryption software. The managers of "SPDC" software would include a list of black-listed HD devices in their HD media. If your HD equipment's decryption software was cracked by anyone, and the makers of SPDC software found out, they could blacklist your device, making it useless for playing newer HD media. SPDC is available on Sony's Blu-ray (of course), but NOT on HD-DVD. S/PDIFThe Sony/Philips digital interface, employed as a 75 Ohm RCA-type digital output on transports or CD/DVD players.


Dolby Digital and pro Logic II Room Layout and Speaker Setup History and Basics of Surround Sound


DIRECT RADIATING - any speaker that's not a Dipole, Bipole, or Omnipolar. Most speakers were direct-radiating until THX recommended Dipole surround speakers BIPOLAR Speakers radiate sound equally, and in phase (same polarity) in two directions. DIPOLAR speakers radiate sound equally in two directions, but with opposite polarity (phase), creating a diffuse sound. Dipolar speakers are recommended by THX for surround sound channels in home theater systems. OMNIPOLAR speakers radiate sound equally in all directions (trademarked). ELECTROSTATIC speakers have a large, flat plastic panel that moves back and forth between the positive and negative poles. Requires an AC outlet for power. HYBRID ELECTROSTATIC speakers use a cone woofer to increase base response. PLANAR-MAGNETIC speakers differ from Electrostatic speakers, except that they use metal ribbons instead of panels and don't need to be plugged into an electrical outlet. Also called RIBBON speakers.

SCART - 21-pin EuroSCART AV connector

SCART was developed by the French and is the most common AV connector used in Europe. SCART - wikipedia


Sprites these days refer to two or threee-dimensional computer generated figures integrated into video content. Sprite (computer graphics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sprite Database Video Game Sprites Learning Flexible Sprites in Video Layers - PDF SQUEEZED VIDEO - same as anamorphic.

sRGB - Please Click here for sRGB

See also: Adobe RGB 1998 See also: RGB

SRS Labs

Dolby Pro Logic II vs SRS Circle-Surround SRS Labs Debuts SRS Mobile HD Audio Technology for Mobile Video Services - 4/5/2006 STB - Set Top Box (usually a TV tuner or cablebox, these days, probably an HDTV tuner). STB Really means any box that is electronically connected before your TV (the STB's output is the TV's input). Group Formed to Create Consistent Set-Top TV Data - Cable, satellite, telcos join MRC in new coalition

Streaming Audio and Video

Streaming Media - wikipedia Recording Streaming Audio and Video - all-streaming-media One of my friends has had great luck with TechSmith's Camtasia - (see the above link) or TechSmith's Camtasia MOVIES on TV SUPER was recommended by PCmagazine: SUPER - a FREE Multimedia Encoder and a Multimedia Player SUPER - Download free from

Super 16 mm film

Was frequently used for shooting Television shows. Super 16 mm film - wikipedia

Surge Protectors

Surge Protectors are supposed to protect your fragile (computers) and expensive electronics from surges and spikes (abnormally high voltages) in your house electrical wiring. There are many causes of surges and spikes, the most destructive of which are caused by lightening strikes on or, more likely, near an electrical line. While Surge Protectors can work wonders, a direct lighting strike will probably still destroy all of your electronic equipment (that is plugged on, even if it is turned off). In really severe lightening storms, you may wish to unplug expensive ectronic equipment. FEATURES TO LOOK FOR IN A SURGE PROTECTOR: 1] The more JOULES (current) that your surge proectector can handle, the better. The joule is a mathematical equation of Voltage x Amps x Time. Watts = Joules/Sec=Amps x Volts 2] The LOWER the CLAMPING VOLTAGE, the better. (This is the voltage at which the surge protector starts operating, sending the surge to ground. 3] The FASTER the Clamping Time, the better. Clamping time is the speed at which the product reacts to a surge, and starts protecting your electronic equipment. (Unfortunately, I see fewer and fewer companies listing the Clamping Time of their products.) Most users of Surge Protectors buy "small" units that are plugged into wall outlets. The equipment to be protected is then plugged into the surge protector. There are also Whole House Surge Protectors, which provide some protection for all electrical equipment in the house. In my opinion, while these whole house protectors are very useful, I feel that they do not react as quickly as the GOOD outlet type of surge protector (my guess, $100 - $10,000). Since I can't find any specs for the Clamping Time of the units I have looked at lately, I can not really confirm this personal opinion. NOTE: IT TOOK ABOUT TEN (10) MINUTES TO INSTALL THE WHOLE HOUSE SURGE PROTECTOR - A VERY EASY JOB (MY PERSONAL OPINION). We are using some $100 Surge Protectors for our computers, and a $250 unit for the large TV. I have also added a Whole House Surge Protector. We also use UPSs with AVRs for the computers, to add more protection, and to provide power to the computers when the electricity goes out. I use cheaper, even smaller, single outlet 15 AMP surge protectors for my microwaves, refrigerators, bread makers, dish washers, and other such things.So many of today's appliances contain small computers. Don't Get Zapped - MOVs, Gas Discharge Tubes and silicon avalanche diodes Surge 101 and the PowerSquid Difference This Week's Report: PowerSquid surge protector Surge3000 Calamari Edition [PCSQ3K-CAL] - $84.95 : PowerSquid.NET ... YOU CAN ALSO RENT SURGE PROTECTORS FROM PROGRESS ENERGY, But why? This my OPINION only. You may not agree. Caveat emptor: I think that it is cheaper to buy your own, rather than rent. Surge Protection - Progress Energy See also: Appliance Electricity Consumption Calculator See also: UPS and AVRs See also: GFI / GFCI / RCCB - Ground Fault Interrupters See also: Natural Gas Electric Backup Generators See also: Power Cleaners See also: Whole House Surge Protectors Guide to A/V Surge Protection - Best Buy Surge Protector - Wikipedia How Surge Protectors Work Panamax and MOVs HOW ARE WATTS, OHMS,AMPS, AND VOLTS RELATED? Electricity FAQ Electricity Misconceptions Electricity is not energy

WHOLE HOUSE Surge Protectors

Unlike the smaller, Surge Protectors that plug into an electrical outlet, and protect a few pieces of electronic equipment, Whole House Surge Protectors hook up to both 120 volt lines in your circuit breaker box, and provide some protection to all electrical equipment connected to the house circuit breaker box. In my opinion, while these whole house protectors are very useful, I feel that they do not react as quickly as the GOOD outlet type of surge protector (my guess, $100 - $10,000). Since I can't find any specs for the Clamping Time of the units I have looked at lately, I can not really confirm this personal opinion. We have recently installed an Intermatic PanelGuard whole house residential Surge Protector, model #IG3240RC, normally about $ 140 ?? NOTE: IT TOOK ABOUT TEN (10) MINUTES TO INSTALL THE WHOLE HOUSE SURGE PROTECTOR A VERY EASY JOB (MY PERSONAL OPINION). I have seen no reviews of any surge protectors, so I don't know how good this one is - at least it is heavy. It is supposed to handle 60,000 AMPs per voltage leg: 1] Hot to Ground 2] Common to Ground 3] Hot to Common For a total of 180,000 AMPs of surge protection. Since it uses 14 gage wire for it's connections (like all of the other such products, I think???), it obviously can only shunt excess voltage (surges) for a short time. It has a NEMA 4 metal enclosure (I'll have to track down that specification). It meets NEC Section 285 (25 kAIC fault currrent level). Protection Modes: L1-G, L1-N, L2-G, L2-N, N-G and L1-L2. Clamping Voltage: 330 Volts Peak L-N 330 Volts Peak L-G 330 Volts Peak N-G 660 Volts Peak L-L I noticed that Home Depot has (a different) one in their catalog. See also: Appliance Electricity Consumption Calculator See also: Electrical (House / Home) Wiring See also: GFI /GFCI / RCCB - Ground Fault Interrupters See also: Natural Gas Electric Backup Generators See also: Power Cleaners See also: Surge Protectors See also: UPS and AVRs


a video connection scheme in which the brightness and color video information are delivered on separate wires. Click here for a picture of the connector

S-VHS (Super VHS)

S-VHS - wikipedia


sYCC is simply YCC created from sRGB. sYCC saves file size for otherwise huge TIF files. It makes no sense to select it for JPG since JPG already incorporates it for free. Click here for more sYCC information. sYCC specification - pdf Sync - A video signal whose information is used to synchronize the picture for displaying correctly. TDEL - Thick-film Dialectric Electroluminescent technology. Toronto based iFire has developed a 2.2 pound, 37 inch Flat Panel Display using TDEL.


The process of transferring motion picture film to an electronic format. terrestrial tuners - over-the-air (OTA) tuner (as opposed to a Cable or Satellite tuner) RabbitEars - ll about your local, over-the-air TV channels Note that OTA digital TV stations may broadcast on either UHF or VUF bands - If you are purchasing an antenna for OTA (terrestrial) reception you probably (depends on the stations you ar trying to receive) need a very good antenna capable of receiving both UHF and VHF frequencies. You should run RG-6 cable, I use Quad shielded RG-6 [RG6Q], sometimes called RG-7. NOTE - that you need a different sized connector for quad RG-6 than you do for orginary RG-6. "RG-6 is available in four different types designed for various applications. In addition, the core may be copper clad steel (CCS) or bare solid copper (BC). "Plain" or "house" RG-6 is designed for indoor or external house wiring. "Flooded" cable is infused with waterblocking gel for use in underground conduit or direct burial. "Messenger" may contain some waterproofing but is distinguished by the addition of a steel messenger wire along its length to carry the tension involved in an aerial drop from a utility pole. "Plenum" cabling is expensive and comes with a special Teflon-based outer jacket designed for use in ventilation ducts to meet fire codes. It was developed since the plastics used as the outer jacket and inner insulation in many "Plain" or "house" cabling gives off poison gas when burned." - QUOTED from Wikipedia RG6Q - QUAD SHIELDED RG6 COAX CABLE Rewiring RG6 to RG6Q [Cable] - The difference [Cable] Rewiring RG6 to RG6Q. The difference Shielding question when putting on F connector on RG6Q ConnecTec RG6Q F Termination - YouTube How to Compress a Connector onto a RG6 Quad Shield Use RG6 Quad or not? - DIRECTV Installation/MDU Make sure it has solid copper center conductor. Stuff I see in my Home Depot is copper coated steel which is not D* approved (NOT my comment). You may need an antenna rotor, to rotate the antenna towards the direction of the transmitter. In some areas, "all" of the TV broadcast antennas wiil be in the same direction (lucky you), and in other areas, the antennas may by in vastly different directions, mandating some method of pointing your antenna to the transmitter, in-order-to receive stronger signals. You may need a broadband antenna mounted on your antenna pole (very near the incoming signal) to ensure enough signal strength. Some of these are made so that you can power them via the same RG-6 cable that you use to send the TV signal to your DTV or HDTV. Digital TVGOS Service List learn all about local, over-the-air TV channels - RabbitEars More Antenna Information can be found here: ANTENNAS RG6A - Augmented RG6 COAX CABLE RG6A Coax Cable) Cat 6A (Augmented) bulk cable includes theCat following varieties: Cat 6A UTP (Unshileded Twisted Pair) Solid Conductor Riser Rated, Cat 6A UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) Plenum Rated, Cat 6A FTP Shielded Solid Conductor Riser Rated, Cat 6A FTP Shielded Plenum Rated, and Cat 6A FTP Shielded Stranded Conductor The TIA specifications for Cat 6A Ethernet Cable has limits on alien crosstalk in cabling systmes. Augmented Cat 6 Ethernet Cable has to operate at a minimum frequency of 500MHz fot. It helps future proof your network and supports 10 Gbit application up to a maximum distance of 100 meters on a 4-connector channel. Cat 6A Augmented Bulk Cable - RG-7 (Coax Cable) - comes Direct Burial (flooded), Tri-Shielded, Quad-Shielded and Low-loss, serial digital interface. RG 7/U (can be buried) One person's (Brian Mahony) experiences with "cutting the Cable": Part 1: Why do we want to "cut the cord"? Part 2: What device options are we consdiering? Cutting the Cord from Pay TV Part 3: Over the Air Channels Part 4 (Cutting the Cable Cord on Pay TV)- Wife's thougts - But Not Just Yet Part 5 (Cutting the Cable Cord on Pay TV)- on Pay TV Sports and News


THX is essentially an Audio quality certification invented by George Lucas. For equipment or CDs/DVDs to legally use the THX name and logo, the equipment (or media) must adhere to the THX standards. THX was invented for use in theaters but has been extended to Home Theater equipment. THX certification also requires adherence to more ridgid specifations regarding noise levels, frequency rollover values and other such things. Now (2007) there is also a Thx Video Certification for high definition video products. Check the March 2007 edition of Home Theater Magazine. THX INTRODUCES PERFORMANCE BENCHMARK AND PRODUCT CERTIFICATION FOR HDTVS THX @ CEDIA - THX certification for video displays THX Introduces Performance Benchmark and Product Certification for HDTVs (12/10/2006)

THX Loudness Plus

THX Loudness Plus works by realizing that the reference signal level used for movie mixing, is too loud for home use. THX Loudness Plus utilizes both THX Multichannel Spectrum Balancing and THX Dynamic Ambience Preservation to create the correct audio at low levels. licensed for Ultra2 Plus and Select2 Plus.

THX Select2

THX Select2 Specification - Audioholics Home Theater Reviews and News THX Product Logo Guide Comparison between AC-3, Home THX and DTS THX Surround EX (Dolby Digital EX) THX: Making the Magic Happen

THX Surround EX

THX Surround EX is THX's implementation of decoding Dolby Digital EX. It requires a pair of Back Surround Sound speakers, along with the more normal Left and Right Surround Speakers (for a total of 7.1). The two back surround speakers output slightly different signals.

THX Ultra2

THX Ultra2 Certified products are engineered for rooms with a viewing distance of 12 feet and beyond. THX Ultra2 decoding algorithms, which improve on the former THX Ultra decoding New THX Ultra2 Provides Optimum Playback of All Multi-Channel Music and Movie Formats Home Theater: THX ULTRA: Episode 2


Time Warner (North Carolina) Cable's website Turn to Channel 500 for information on how to use your TW cable box. See also Road Runner


As far as I know, TiVo is still using the EXT2 file system. TiVo - IS TiVO DOWN ? TiVo and Rovi close to Rovi buying TiVo, says NYT - 3/24/2016 on a personal level, this greatly concerns me. Rivo created Macrovision and other DRM schemes - not sure I trust them with TiVo's future. This is my PERSONAL opinion. Rivo makes interactive TV guides that are used by 18 million or so TV subscribers. You may purchase TiVo's for Cable HDTV, FIOS and Digital OTA (Over-the-Air). TiVo Bolt DVR TiVo Models, uses, facts, how-to,... Have a TiVo improvement idea? Submit it to TiVo's Developers Submit your IDEAS FOR TIVO DEVELOPERS, HERE.


Opening your TiVo voids your warranty. You MUST pull the TiVo's power cord before you open the unit. I just replaced the power supply on my TiVo licensed Chinese HUMAX T2500 TiVo. I go the power supply from WeaKnees, along with the instructions. It was extremely easy to do. On computers (TiVos are computers) the one piece that fails the most often is the power supply, althogh I'm beginning to think that the Hard Drive is failing enve more often. WeaKnees - Feel the power of TiVo TiVo DVR Troubleshooting - stuck on Powering Up Replacement power supplies for TiVo Replacement Hard Drives for your TiVo TiVo Kickstart Code 54 Details - enable certain diagnostics at boot time S.M.A.R.T Hard Drive testing TiVo Networking Parts, TiVo Wireless USB Adapters and USB to Ethernet Adapters Problems with Humax T2500 TiVo 300-Hours Video Recorder? (slight CO$T) - USEFUL ACCESSORIES for TIVO: Since cableCARDs are superceded, You do NOT want to buy a device that used CableCARDs (My OPINION)(as they may disappear) - instead, you want a device that uses the newer "Tru2Way". HOWEVER, Tru2WAY seems to be still NOT available, so I'm having to stick with CableCARD (3/2012). CableCARD 2.0 has been superseded by Tru2Way, also from CableCARD labs CableCARD Information Installing CableCARDs in TiVo HD DVRs - Series 2 Installing CableCARDs in a Series3 HD DVR I WAS using the Linksys Compact USB 2.0 10/100 Network Adapter model USB200M, to connect my Tivo2 Series to my Ethernet network. In my personal opinion, this is a piece of junk. As other owners have stated: review linksys usb200M it is so flimsy, mine broke when I moved the TiVo without carefully moving the ethernet cable at the same time. I replaced this broken Linksys USB200M adapter with a $20 TRENDnet unit that I got from my local CompUSA (TigerDirect bought CompUSA last year [2008], and has renamed their local TigerDirect store to "CompUSA"). My replacement unit is the TRENDnet TU2-ET100 USB 2.0 to 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet Adapter. More reviews even more reviews MY ADVICE - DO NOT BUY THE LINKSYS USB200M USB to Ethernet Adapter EOP - ETHERNET over (houshold) POWER (wires): I am using various EOP solutions to hook my remote TiVo's to my Ethernet switch to allow TiVo to connect to the Internet. Click here for more EOP (Ethernet over Power) information How to install a Tuning Adapter for switched digital video TiVo Series3 and JVC receivers throw DRM fit - Engadget

Tivo's Series 4, TiVo Premiere, has been ANNOUNCED - 3/7/2010 & IS avalaible

Cox to promote TiVo retail box - Will integrate VOD, offer free installation

TiVo is selling TiVo ROAMIO Digital Channel DVRs only

Includes builtin WiFi. A TiVo Romario OTA - Records EITHER 4 OTA Digital or 4 (TW) Digital Cable Channels - my home office. TiVo Roamio OTA review: Finally, TiVo makes a DVR for CORD CUTTERS Best HD Antenna or Cable DVR from TiVo | Roamio OTA DVR (for cable or HD antennas) Records digital OTA with an OTA HDTV antenna, OR add an M-CableCARD and record digital cable channels. ROAMIOs also come as 6-channel Digital Cable only Recorders: 1) The 1,000 HD hour, 6-digital cable channel recorders 2) The 3,000 HD hour, 6-digital cable channel recorders

TiVo announces new Fourth Generation TiVo (TiVo PREMIERE).

Supports digital cable, antenna (ATSC - a Digital source from antennae) and Verizon FiOS (Does not support satellite nor AT&T U-verse)

TiVo Minis

I'm using a TiVo Mini in my Exercise room - displays any of 4 TiVo Romario or 4 TiVo Elite Digital channels. Tivo Mini SPECS I'm using a TiVo Mini in my Master Bedroom - displays any of 4 TiVo Romario or 4 TiVo Elite Digital channels. Tivo Mini SPECS DIGITAL MEDIA TiVos ONLY - NO ANALOG SIGNALS: TiVo Premiere Elite - 4 tuners, 2 TBs storage, 300 hours of HD programming, plus optional external stoage TiVo Premiere XL - Up to 150 hours of HD recording - THX certifiedd - $300 TiVo Premiere = Up to 45 hours of HD recording - $ 100 DirectTV now offers a compatible TiVo This TiVo IV (TiVo Premier) unit apparently uses CableCard 2.0 (but it does NOT state that). It states: Inputs: CableCARD Since it says it uses CableCard, it does not , apparently use the successor to Cablecard 2.0, Tru2way. But then, only 50% of all cable viewers are expected to have the option for tru2way by 2013, so I guess that I would not wait for it. Time-Warner is not even on the list of vendors who have licensed tru2ay. CHECK WITH YOUR CABLE COMPANY/ Verizon FiOS TO SEE IF YOU CAN GET THE NEEDED CARD AND ENCRYPTION PASSWORD FROM THEM, BEFORE MAKING A PURCHASE. TiVo Premiere and XL (Two New Models) Info from TiVo * Premiere records up to 45 hours of HD programming; XL records up to 150 hours of HD programming * Sources: Supports digital cable, antenna (ATSC) and Verizon FiOS (Does not support satellite or AT&T U-verse) * Outputs: HDMI, Component video, Composite video, Optical audio, Analog audio * Video output modes include: 480i, 480p, 720p, 1080i, 1080p * Inputs: CableCARD support, Cable coax, Antenna coax * Ethernet connection, USB 2.0 ports (2), E-SATA * TiVo Wireless G Network Adapter support * TiVo Series4 architecture * ENERGY STAR certified * Premiere XL is THX certified for exceptional sound and video quality * Netflix is available Note - WeakKnees says it has discounts (I haven't tried to confirm the discount) TiVo survey hints at new name, direction for Series4 boxes TiVo Series 4 - "UnOfficial" Thread - AVS Forum

Tivo's Series 3

Tivo's new Series 3 allows recording of two HDTV signals at the same time, while watching a recorded show. The Series 3 handles 720p and 1080i HD resolution. The Series 3 uses (optional) Ethernet connections - no USB to Ethernet adapter needed. The Series 3 has CableCARD. The Series 3 has no coaxial digital audio outputs. The Series 3 has two CableCARDS. TiVo Series3 and JVC receivers throw DRM fit - Engadget Posts tagged Series3 at Engadget Latest version of MFSLive enables TiVo Series3 internal and external expansion How-to: Use your TiVo Series3 eSATA port to add an external drive - I don't know if this works TiVo CEO promises lower-priced HD TiVo this year - March 2007 You can add SATA hard drives via the an E-SATA data output. First Look: TiVo Series3 Sees the World in HD TiVo Series3 HD Digital Media Recorder TiVo Series3 HD Digital Media Recorder - consumerelectronicsnet Hands-on with the TiVo Series3! TiVo Series3 HD Digital Media Recorder Hands-On - gizmodo TiVo's New Copy Protection TiVo - home page Gizmo Lovers dot com TiVo's Wireless G USB network adapter boosts performance Tivo USB to Wireless Adapter - connect your TiVo box to your 802.11n, g or b wireless network CES 2006 Video: TiVo Series 3 Video Interview, First Look Mega-DVRs: attack of the supersize TiVos TiVo hacks flourish TiVoLovers LJ TiVo Community Forum (not affiliated) TiVo Forum FAQ TiVo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia here is a negative TiVo article

Tivo's Series 2

TiVo Series2 DVR product information - TiVo TiVo digital video recorders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia TiVo Series 2 DVRs up to 1300 hours Viewers Guide for TiVo Series2 Video Recorders How to hook up your TiVo Series2 DT with a cable box

TiVo Hacking & Hacking Books

Brosnan, John and Kyle Copeley @ Beginning TiVo Programming WROX $40 978-0-47005427-7 Hagen, William von Hacking the TIVO. Second Edition Thomson Course Technology $30 w/bootable CD 1-59200-481-4 Krikorian, Raffi (this is my personal favorite) TiVo Hacks O'Reilly $25 0-596-00553-9 Rathbone, Andy TiVo for Dummies AW $22

TOLED - Transparent OLEDs

Transparent OLED dispalys are about 2 years from production (6/2006). The TOLED display is fairly transparent, like a window, but becomes a Monitor/TV when turned on. Transparent OLED On the Way - Gizmodo Universal Display First to Achieve 200 dpi Transparent OLED Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft 12-2005-Top2 German researchers claim first transparent OLED pixels OLED Glossary TOSlink Optical audio cable connection - all optical audio connectors for the USA are supposed to be 6 mm (square). This 6mm size is the larger TOSlink connector, not the smaller, "mini-optical connector. (I'm told that since all connectors in the USA are supposed to be 6mm, there should be no confusion.)


A transflective liquid crystal display is a liquid crystal display (LCD) that reflects and transmits light (transflective = transmissive + reflective) - Wikipedia Transflective liquid crystal display - Wikipedia


See also: 3D Television NC TV Stations Parental TV controls and TV Show Content Ratings TV dot com TVL - TV line - same as horizontal scan lines. UHDV - Ultra High Definition Video Click for more UHDV info

UD - Ultra-definition TV

UD starts at 4K (resolution) and includes 8K (2/2012). Currently there is no 4K nor 8K content, except for Digital cinema video, but UD TVs and some Blu-Ray players can upconvert 1080p to quasi-4K resolution. LG will release an 84 inch UD TV in 2012. See also: 3D TV SETS See also: 4K TV SETS See also: 8K TV SETS See also: CINEMA 21:9 HDMI 1.4a (required for 3D over HDMI) See also: UD - Ultra-definition TV See also: 1080p See also: 1080i

UDF - Universal Disk Format

A standard designed to create a usable subset of the ISO/IEC 13346 recordable, random-access file system. Universal Disk Format - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia OSTA Universal Disk Format Specifications Linux UDF

UDF Bridge

A combination of UDF and ISO 9660 file system formats that provides backward-compatibility with ISO 9660 readers.

UDI - Unified Display Interface

Unified Display Interface (UDI) (designed for computers) is a new, proposed interface specification designed for HDTV and PC usage. UDI is expected to replace the obsolete VGA specification, and to be compatible with existing HDMI and DVI standards. The specification is expected in 2Q2006. UDI SIG has been formed to promote and define UDI. Unified Display Interface - wikipedia Apple and Intel Spearheading New Unified Display Interface ... Unified Display Interface: Information from An overview of needs for a unified display interface standard ... What is Unified Display Interface?


Upconverting is the process of interpolating additional, computer generated video display lines between existing, actual video display lines. The process adds apparent quality to the display video. Note that upconverting and re-sizing (changing from a 4x3 to a 16x9 size, for example) are difficult tasks to do accurately. A really good upconverter is expensive to create, adding to the cost of your HDTV (but well worth the investment). Note that sometimes upconverting will yield a picture that looks worse than the original, lower resolution video (especially if the upcoverter is not robust enough). Upconverting changes a video signal from one scanning rate to a signal with a higher scanning rate. The process of upconverting/downconvertiong and resizing is typically done by what is referred to as a scaler. How HD Upconverters Work - howstuffworks What is an HD Upconverter? - wisegeek See also: Deinterlacing See also: Downconverting See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: DVI See also: HDMI See also: HDTV See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers / Scaling See also: Switchers, Video


The main purpose of a UPS is to power electric equipment when your house or office electric power goes out. While we expect our electric power to be 120 volts AC, at 60 Hertz (cycles per second), and without spurious electric signals (interference), The truth is, our electric power is often dirty (contains interference), may vary considerbly from 120 volts, may be higher or lower than 60 Hertz (cycles per second), and subject to spikes, surges, sags, and brownouts - In other words, your electric power may be very hard on your computers and other electronic equipment. A UPS is an "Uninterruptable Power Supply". Cheaper units will consist almost entirely of a battery(ies) and an inverter to convert the battery's DC (direct Current) power to 120 Volt, 60 cycle AC (alternating current), close to what you have in your house. Better units will include some amount of surge protectiuon, and some kind of filtering to lessen the impact of EFI and EMI interference. Some UPS' incorporate AVR - Automatic Voltage Regulation - to adjust the input voltage up or down, as necessary, to produce close to 120 volts. AVR should prolong the life of delicate electronic equipment, while eleviating the effects of brownouts, mild over-voltages, lightening strikes, etc.. No matter how good they are, no UPS/AVR can completely protect your equipment against all possible problems, but they can really help. There are a lot of good brands and models of UPS/AVRs, Personally, I am using both CyberPower and APC AVRs. My CyberPowers cost less, produce more watts and run hotter than do my APC units. I like both brands.


You can get replacment batteries at Batteries Plus. CyberPower likes to use HR9 batteries - they produce more current (a good thing), but are harder to find. HR9 batteries can produce 9 AMPs per hour. Most brands of UPS', in my experience, seem to use batteries rated at 7 AMPs per hour. I found that I had to order HR9 batteries from my local Batteries Plus, but that they carried a large supply of 7 AMP per hour replacment batteries, which should work fine (instead of HR9s), but will shorten the amount of run time the UPS provides (ones that take HR9 batteries). The 7 AMPs per hour batteries ARE working fine - of course, when I'm running on these batteries, I get less current (amps) than with the original HR9 batteries. I am using: 1] CyberPower CPS1500AVR (produces 950 watts at 120 volts, so they say) 2] APC Back-UPS RS 1500 AVR (produces 865 watts. so they say, at 120 volts) 3] CyberPower CPS1250AVR If you are in a hurry, you can get replacement batteries at nation wide Batteries Plus. NOTE that currently (11/23/2009) Batteries Plus does not have all of the correct amperage batteries, for example, they did not have 9 AMP/hour batteries OR 9 AMP/hour batteries that I needed for some of more more robust AVRs. Batteries Plue (9/23/2009) DID tell me that they will be carrying 9 AMP/hour batteries. In regards to installing an 8 AMP/hour battery instead of the CPS1250AVR'S 9 AMP/hour batteries, I found this on the Internet: Within the specifications of the UPS, the UPS should try and keep the output voltage constant as the battery's output voltage decreases. The current from the battery will have to increase since the volt-amps need from the battery is, more or less, a constant for a given volt- amps output. As the current increases, the voltage drops even further due to circuit resistance (our dear friend Ohm and his law). At some point the UPS should decide that the voltage from the battery is too low and give up. So, yes, an 8Ah battery will provide less run-time, but it's not like you'll get 1/9th less runtime (9Ah versus 8Ah), probably something closer to 1/5th less since voltage drop is related to the amount of charge remaining, and you're reducing the charge remaining faster. I'd have to sit down and do a bit of calculus to get a better estimate. My recollection, and it's been a while, is that "amp hours" is measured to when the output voltage drops to 10.5 volts under some constant load. If you want a better idea, see if you can find the specifications the manufacturer used to calculate the amp-hours for each battery. That might give you a clue. Quote: Please let me know if I am not correct in my understanding now. Thank you very much for your reply tallgirl ! Nope, your understanding is correct. The only remaining issue is that the UPS charging circuit is designed for a specific rate of charge, and that's typically linked to the battery's capacity. Since your battery has an 11% smaller capacity, rather than, say, 50% smaller, I can't see there being a major problem. But then, I'm not the UL, UPS manufacturer, or anyone else who could say there isn't an actual problem. Lots of UPSes do not function well on non-sinewave (they don't output true sine wave AC power) electric generators. One way around this, is to use a line double conversion UPS - this type always runs off of the battery while it charges the battery. There is no switching lag when the power goes out, because they are already running on the battery. These are usually more expensive that non double conversion models, generate more heat, and are less efficient as they always convert the input line AC to DC, then take the DC battery output and convert that into AC for you electic device. I've seen a lot of Internet talk about the problem of NON double conversion UPSs staying on battery power when a home generator is supplying the AC power - my APC 1500 KVA unit has this problem. Some of my other friends are not having this problem, and are successfully using a multitude of brands of UPSs on their electric generators. An online quote I saw: "have a 12KW Generac running Propane and once the freqency was locked in at 60Hz [i]under load[/i] I had no problems. In fact, the APC units I had were giving me fits until I reduced their sensitivity, but the E3200 had no such problems.

APC Back-UPS RS 1500VA/865W

This APC UPS/AVR has a three position Sensitivity Setting, factory set to the Medium Setting, according to the owner's manual, which seems to contradict my experiences (my voltages should have allowed the use of the HIGH Sensitivity Setting). Instead, my APC UPS would NOT run on my Generac Generator AT ALL. SENSITIVITY Input Voltage range USE WHEN LOW 78 - 150 VAC Input voltage is extremely high or low - NOT recommended for Computer Loads. MEDIUM 83 - 147 VAC If UPS frequently goes "on-battery". HIGH 88 - 144 VAC Connected equipment is sensitive to Voltage Fluctuations. I had to set my APC Back-UPS RS 1500VA (w/AVR) to LOW SENSITIVITY, to allow the UPS to run on my Generac natrual gas generator, which NEVER went below 105 volts AC, nor above 119 VAC, and stayed at 59 Hz. My Three CyberPower UPS/AVR units had no trouble on the generator. See also: GFI / GFCI / RCCB - Ground Fault Interrupters See also: Natural Gas Electric Backup Generators See also: Power Cleaners See also: Surge Protectors See also: Whole House Surge Protectors

VBI - Vertical Blanking Interval

VBI lines are used to allow the electron scanning beam to return to the top and are used to contain other information. VBR - Variable Bit Rate (encoding/decoding)


Video Encoding Invisable Light - A means of plugging the analog hole (whereby analog equipment could be used to process HD content), regardless of the use of HDCP). VEIL-I was used for toys. VEIL provides Watermarking. VEIL modifies the brightness of a video signal, essentially creating a "zero" or "one" based on the brightness of the video signal. This brightness variation allows analog equipment to recognize certain patterns, i.e., to recognize that a VRAM exists in the analog signal, and to block processing of the video signal. Now, how do you make this retroactive?

VFW - Video For Windows

VFW disappeared about the time of Windows98 Video for Windows (definition) VGA connector = RGB = D-sub 15 = mini sub D15 = mini D15 = three-row 15 pin DE-15 VGA connector - 15 pin HD D-Sub (HD-15 See also Connectors / Pinouts / Wiring See also Monitor Resolutions


VHS's (a video tape cormat) 240 lines of vertical resoluion is, now days, pathetic. Making Movies - from VHS to DVD - PC World


Video file format conversion Video Memory and Screen Resolution Table Video resolution Bandwidth Versus Video Resolution TV and Video Resolution Video Resolution - An Overview Image Resolution for the Video Monitor Screen Video Resolution - Edited postings Video Cable Shielding--What Works, Why, and the Myth of "Quad-Shield" Cables Video Cables from the Inside Out VIDEO RESOLUTIONS: Old style NTSC screens have 4:3 ratios, Wide Screen HDTVs have 16x9 ratios and Wide Screen Computer Monitors have 16x10 Ratios. 300 pixels x 360 pixels - VHS quality - standard VCRs (not S-VHS) 320 pixels x 200 pixels - old, NTSC resolution 320 pixesl x 256 pixels - old PAL resolution 460 pixels x 360 pixels - Analog broadcast television - analog (NTSC) stations 480 pixels x 270 pixels - (126k) 16:9 ratio WQVGA 560 pixels x 360 pixels - Laserdisc quality - they usually don't look good on an HDTV 640 pixels x 200 pixels - old, NTSC resolution 640 pixels x 256 pixels - old PAL resolution 640 pixels x 480 pixels - 480i or 480p - DTV either interlaced (i) or progressive (p) 720 pixels x 360 pixels - DVD quality non-HD) 800 pixels x 500 pixels - one of the 16:10 Wide Screen Computer Monitors resolutions 800 pixels x 600 pixels - old PC resolution 1024 pixesl x 640 pixels - one of the 16:10 Wide Screen Computer Monitors resolutions 1024 pixels x 768 pixels - XGA/XVGA eXtended 1280 pixels x 720 pixels - 720i or 720p - DTV either interlaced (i) or progressive (p) 1280 pixels x 800 pixels - one of the 16:10 Wide Screen Computer Monitors resolutions 1280 pixels x 960 pixels - a possible computer monitor resolution 1280 pixels x 1024 pixels - SXGA - a possible computer monitor resolution 1280 pixels x 1280 pixels - a possible computer monitor resolution 1440 pixels x 900 pixels - one of the 16:10 Wide Screen Computer Monitors resolutions 1600 pixels x 900 pixels - WSXGA 1600 pixels x 1200 pixels - UXGA, a possible computer monitor resolution 1680 pixels x 1050 pixels - WSXGA (also). A wide screen resolution 1920 pixels x 1080 pixels - 1080i or 1080p - DTV either interlaced (i) or progressive (p) 1920 pixels x 1200 pixels - one of the 16:10 Wide Screen Computer Monitors resolutions 2560 pixels x 1600 pixels - one of the 16:10 Wide Screen Computer Monitors resolutions MONITOR / PICTURE PIXEL RESOLUTIONS: Old style NTSC screens have 4:3 ratios, Wide Screen HDTVs have 16x9 ratios and Wide Screen Computer Monitors have 16x10 Ratios. QCIF = A display with 176 x 144 pixels - Quarter Common Intermediate Format. QVGA = A display with 320 x 240 pixel resolution. QXGA = A video resolution of 2048 x 1536. SVGA = A display with 800 x 600 pixel resolution. SXGA = A display with 1280 x 1024 pixel resolution. SXGA+ = Super XGA+ = 1400 x 1050 pixels. 16M colors. 8 MB video RAM required. VGA = A display with 640 x 480 pixel resolution. UXGA = Ultra XGA = 1600 x 1200 pixles. 16M colors. 8 MB video RAM required. WQVGA = A display with 480 x 270 pixels (126k) 16:9 ratio WSXGA = A display with 1600 x 900 OR 1680 x 1050 Pixels (Wide Super XGA) WXGA = A display with 1920 x 1080i pixel Resolution XGA = A display with 1024 x 768 pixel resolution. Bandwidth Versus Video Resolution and a great chart Display Resolution - Wikipedia A Quick Guide to Digital Video Resolution and Aspect Ratio Conversions (monitor) VGA connector = RGB = D-sub 15 = mini sub D15 = mini D15 = three-row 15 pin DE-15


REVIEW, Testing out disposable camcorders Video Connectors




Videohelp com Doom9


I have no personal experience with any of these. Be certain to get at least a 30 MHz per channel bandwidth. HDMI Swichers - Information about Audio Authority (& video) Octava Inc. Pure Digital Internconnects I have two friends who own these great Octavia Inc. switchers - one guy owns the Octavia Inc. 4 Port HDMI Switch with TOSLINK Audio Routing (~$274) (the HDMI Switch with TOSLINK Audio Routing will switch and merge Toslink Audio and DVI ouput into HDMI) and the other guy owns the Octavia Inc. 5 Port HDMI Switch (~$200. Inday See also: Deinterlacing See also: Downconverting See also: DOWNRESOLUTION See also: DVI See also: HDMI See also: HDTV See also: Interlaced See also: Line Doublers See also: Native Rate See also: Progressive Scan See also: Realta See also: Scalers / Scaling See also: Upconverting


Break dot com Google Video - submit your videos - PC World favorite Broadcaster Yahoo (Jumpcut) (Video Egg) DVguru's Ten video sharing services compared

Viewing Angle

Viewing Angle effects how far people can be seated from directly in front of the Monitor and still be able to view a good picture. Many recommend a viewing angle of at least 140 degrees horizontal and 120 degrees vertical. The wider the viewing angles, the better. In reality, viewing angle is directly related to contrast ratio - Elo TouchSystems Viewing Angle - Height and Side-to-Side - osha OSHA Ergonomic Solutions: Computer Workstations eTool Monitor buying guide - viewing angle - CNET Reviews LCD monitors: colours and viewing angle effect The vertical horopter and the angle of view [monitor tilt] - PDF A Challenge to Eye-Level, Perpendicular-to-Gaze, Monitor Placement New coating material can improve viewing angle in TN film based InformeDesign: RS_Detail:Computer Monitor Viewing Angle


The rule of thumb is to be 3,400 times the distance between the scan lines. For example, if you have a 50-inch TV, with a resolution of 1280 by 768, and the vertical height if the display area is 24.5 inches, then the ideal viewing distance is: (24.5/768) * 3400 = 108.8 inches = about 9 feet. If you sit further back, you won't be able to resolve the detail. One potential problem when sitting too close to a bright TV is flicker. Flicker is the physical perception of the actual flashing of the light source. Normally, TVs flash to quickly for most people to notice. As TVs get brighter, we tend to notice flicker more. The human eye can better detect flicker in the periphery of your vision, than in the central viewing area (so too close may make flicker more obvious in the outer edges of our version. Many people can detect the 60 cycle refresh rate that is used for both HD and NTSC TV. Flicker (screen) - Wikipedia Click here for more info on Refresh Rates. Refresh rate - Wikipedia What is a Refresh Rate? - tech-faq Video Frame Rate vs Screen Refresh Rate - What You Need To Know HDTV Refresh Rate versus Frame Rate | Tech-Evangelist Flicker can be reduced by three things: 1] Moving back from the TV (placing the image more in the center of your vision) 2] Reducing the overall brightness of the display 3] Increasing the refresh rate (not an option on TVs). (- Digital TV and Sound)


Uses an HQV chip specially developed for Runco by Silicon Optix, makers of the realta HQV video chip.

VMD - Versatile Multilayer Disc - another HD DVD format

VMD uses a red laser (unlike Blu-ray and HD-DVD) and multiple layers to record an eventual 100 MB of data. New Medium Enterprises (NME) has lined up six Indian, and some German and Chinese film companies to provide DVD content. Players in the US will be sold under the NME name. VOD - Video On Demand (streaming feature)

VR - DVD Video Recording Mode

VR Mode allows editing the DVD directly, to change the Title, Menu and Menu Color. Space formerly used by deleted scenes and titles becomes available whne you reformat the DVD. VR recorded discs can only be played on VR capable players. VRAM - Veil Rights Assertion Mark, used to prevent analog equipment from processing data that was originally distributed as HD content.


Watermarking is a means of embedding hidden but detectable data. Bill H.R. 4569 would implement VEIL-II (Video Encoding Invisable Light). If Bill H.R. 4569 is passed, all analog equipment would be required to detect and prevent recording of video signals containing the Veil Rights Assertion Mark (VRAM). This means that analog equipment will not be able to process data that originated as a Veil protected HD signal. VEIL-I was used for toys. "Galaxy" is an earlier watermark. WAV - WAV was a joint development effort between IBM and Microsoft. Any program that plays audio files should be able to play Windows .wav files. WAV files are not compressed. WAV files use an average bit rate of 1411.2Kbps. Note that the typical MP3 files bit rate is 128Kbps, creating a much smaller file. Widescreen TV - aspect ratio of 1.78:1 [also called "16 by 9"])

WiDi - Intel's Wireless Display Connection

WiDi let's Notebook computers with certain Intel chips wireless send conect (via WiFi) to their TVs (requires an adapter or built -in WiDi support for the TV). WiDi technology is Intel proprietary and it requires a current Intel CPU. WiDi Adapters are made by NETGEAR, Belkin and D-LINK. I have seen a lot of good reports on the NetGear Push2TV (the PTV2000). The NetGear PTV2000 even has AV Composite output for older TVs (along with HDMI). WiDi Adapters Let Notebooks Wirelessly Stream 1080p, Blu-ray Content to HDTVs New WiDi Adapters Let Notebooks Wirelessly Stream 1080p, Blu-ray Content to HDTVs Intel Wireless Display - Intel Intel announces WiDi HD wireless display technology - Engadget Intel WiDi Wireless Display Technology - HOT - HotHardware Intel Touts 'WiDi' for Connecting PCs, TVs | Gadget Lab -


WiMedia Alliance - Home Page WiMedia Alliance - Wikipedia WiMedia Alliance Certifies Four UWB Platforms - 2008 Ecma International Standards WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization. WIPO Copyright Treaty WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (December 1996)


Uncompressed 720p video requires a transfer rate of approximately 1.3Gbps. Uncompressed 1080i video requires a transfer rate of approximately 1.5Gbps. Uncompressed 1080p video requires a transfer rate of approximately 3.0Gbps. See also: 802.11n See also: Ultra-Wideband (UWB) See also: WireFreeHD See also: WirelessHD - WiHD See also: Wireless High definition Interface (WHDI)


Radiospire's WiredFreeHD uses UWB technology and supposedly can achieve speeds of up to 3 Gbps and 1080p signals for a 25 foot distance. Uses Ferquency range or 3.1 to 4.8 GHz. (Home Theater Magazine) See also: 802.11n See also: Ultra-Wideband (UWB) See also: WireFreeHD See also: WirelessHD - WiHD See also: Wireless High definition Interface (WHDI)


WirelessHD will stream up to three 1080p signals at distances up to 32 feet via a 60 Gigahertz bandwidth. The Specification should be finished by Spring 2007, and products due out in late 2008. WirelessHD ORG The 1st generation products should be able to transmit 1080p to a range of 32 feet. 15Gbps is the expected 2nd generation speed. (Home Theater Magazine) Participants include LG, Matsushita, NEC, Samsung, Sony Toshiba and SiBeam. The Wireless Weblog: WirelessHD vs. UWB WirelessHD's 60GHz platform could spark standards war | The Register wirelessHD: See what people are saying right now on Technorati Top-Tier CE Companies Sidestep UWB For WirelessHD WirelessHD group plans to replace cables using 60GHz band - Engadget RED HERRING | WirelessHD Aims to Cut Cables See also: 802.11n See also: Ultra-Wideband (UWB) See also: WireFreeHD See also: WirelessHD - WiHD See also: Wireless High definition Interface (WHDI)

Wireless High definition Interface (WHDI)

WHDI was created by Amimon and supposedly can broadcast uncompressed 1080i or 720p (1.5 Gbps) over 100 feet, utilizing a 20-MHz portion of the 5 GHz band. WHDI can also broadcast 1080p (3 Gbps) in a 40-Mhz channel. Pixelworks and Motorola are working with Amimon. Products are expected by the end of 2007. Some products were demoed at the 2007 CES show. (Home Theater Magazine) See also: 802.11n See also: Ultra-Wideband (UWB) See also: WireFreeHD See also: WirelessHD - WiHD See also: Wireless High definition Interface (WHDI)

Wireless HDMI

Wireless HDMI utilizes Ultra Wide Band (UWB), suports a theoretical 480Mbps and a new compression scheme. Wireless HDMI utilizes WiMedia, a UWB standard created by the WiMedia Alliance (Microsoft, Nokia, NEC and others). Wireless HDMI competes with Wireless-HD (WiHD).

Wireless USB - Click here

WMA - Windows Media Audio - Allows full DRM capabilities WMAPro - WMAPro Information - .DOC - Microsoft WMAPro Gets More Hardware Support! - Chris Lanier's Blog WMV - Windows Media High Definition Video - a Microsoft HD format. Needs a fast PC (12/2005).


Since there are currently (5/2006) no 1080p video sources available for public use, Hewlett-Packard invented a technology that we call wobulation, to simulate 1080p video content (to fool the human eye). HP first used wobulation to improve the resolution of 720p DLP displays. Wobulation works by dividing each image frame into sub-frames. Pixels from the first sub-frame are displayed and then, a very short time later (fractions of a second), pixels from second sub-frame are shifted a minute amount, sideways, and then displayed so that they seem to overlap the first sub-frame's pixels. Wobulation effectively interlaces horizontal pixels, resulting in two effects: 1] The image appears to have twice it's real horizontal resolution - allowing the use of cheaper 960x1080 pixel Digital Micromirror Devices (DMDs). 2] The image appears a bit softer than it would otherwise. Samsung's WiseLink supports USB 2.0 (and may be just that, USB 2.0).

XBOX 360 (Microsoft's gaming console)

Xbox - Home The new (late 2010) XBOX 360 'S' (Slim) model has a builtin Wireless network controller. It can handle 802.11a/b or 802.11n BUT only at the 2.4 MHz frequency (not the expected 5.8 NHz frequency, or both 2.4 and 5.8 MHz, SO ENSURE that your wireless access point will handle the 2.4 MHz frequency. Microsoft also does not tell you the MAC address of the wireless controller, but you can find that out from your wireless router. I STRONGLY SUGGEST THAT YOU USE BOTH A (strong) WPA2 PASSWORD and FILTER OUT ALL OTHER MAC ADDRESSES (via your wireless router) to help lessen the chance that your computer gets hacked. Your wireless router's instructions will help you set up some wireless security. How to JTAG your Xbox 360 and run homebrew Xbox 360 JTAG Tutorial - Part 1 - Video KINECT (for XBOX 360) RESPONDS TO HOW YOU MOVE: Kinect - Report: Software update to boost Kinect's camera Kinect to recognize finger gestures, insiders say Xbox 360 Xbox - Wikipedia Microsoft Xbox - Microsoft Xbox NXE Hardware, Xbox LIVE, Games & Media Support - Xbox Support Microsoft Xbox 360: Games and console reviews and news - Top 25 Xbox Games of All-Time - Games Home See which original Xbox games are playable on your Xbox 360 console - Buy PS3, PS2, PSP, Wii, DS, Xbox 360, Used, PC ... XBOX FORUMS: Xbox Forums Xbox Forums Directory - Account Suspensions and Console Bans - Xbox 360 Forum Xbox 360 & Xbox Forums - HomeBrew Xbox 360 and Orignal Xbox News, JTAG/SMC ... Xbox Forum XBOX GADGETS / ACCESSORIES / ADD-ONS: - Netflix - Xbox 360 & Netflix - XIM Technologies new XIM3 adapter See also: NETFLIX


Here are some "facts", that I believe to be true at this (12/24/2010) time. These are either facts or opinions, and the hardware and software is constantly changing (so this information may be out of date quickly): XBOX 360 ========= 0) It is strongly rumored that Microsoft will issue a firmware change for the Kinect cameras to double their resolution, so that they can better track what the player is doing. 2) Almost all games are first developed for the XBOX 360, then ported to PS3 3) Online membership $50 / year. 4) Does NOT have a Blueray DVD player (PS3 does) 5) Uses 802.11b/g or n WiFi (wireless ethernet connection 6) 100 Mbps Ethernet 7) HDMI 1.2 8) Seems to have the best of the hands-free (a la Kinect) - 12/24/2010 9) Can output 1080i (not 'p') 10) Still has more games than PS3, but PS3 is adding more PS3 only games 11) 3.2 GHz Xenon processor 12) 3 dual-threaded cores 13) Maximum 77 GFlops 14) Requires Microsoft proprietary HDD format (have to buy HDD from Microsoft) 15) optimized to run at 720p 16) The computational power of the system itself sports the equivalent of 1 teraflops 17) The previous version (before the new 'S' [slim]) model) ran too hot, sometimes, causing (a permanent) RED RING of DEATH (CPU failure) 18 The largest HDD that I have seen for sale for the XBOX 360 is 250 GB PS3 - Sony PLAYSTATION 3 ======================== 1) Requires the DVD to be in the optical drive to run the game. 2) 1 Gbps Ethernet 3) Wifi is NOT n, only 802.11b or 802/11g 4) Online "membership" is free 5) Poor hands-free (a la Kinect) - OPINIONS 6) Fairly good Bluray player - HAS NO REMOTE The Bluray player does upscaling, but opions on many forums state that it does a poor job of upconverting (converting lower resolutions to higher, such as 1080i). 7) HDMI 1.3 (includes functioning CEC for controlling other devices) 8) The computational power of the system itself sports the equivalent of 2 teraflops 9) Can output 1080p 10) 3.2 GHz Cell processor 11) 7 single-threaded cores (plus 1 backup core) 12) Maximum 230 GFlops 13) Can utilize any SATA drive - can buy from any vendor. 14) Seems to have slightly better graphics display 15) "PS3 seems to add extra lightning to scenes to hide poorer textures" (opinions from forums - I have not been able to compare them) 16) optimized to run at 1080p (can also output 720p and 1080i, via downscaling) 17) The largest HDD that I have seen for sale for the PS3 is 320 GB Xbox 360 vs. PlayStation 3: The Hardware Throwdown - Aug 26, 2010 Xbox 360 vs. PS3 Graphics Comparison Round 5 - August 2010 Compare Xbox 360 vs PS3 - Checking Out Xbox 360 vs PS3 Stats - Nov 28, 2009 Comparison Chart - - August 23, 2009 Playstation 3 vs. Xbox 360 - Reviews and News from Audioholics - JULY 2009 See also Sony PLAYSTATION3 (PS3) See also XBOX 360

XCP - Extended Copy Protection

Sony has been using First 4's XCP (Extended Copy Protection) software since early 2005 as a copy protection mechanism for some of its music CDs, according to Sony spokesperson John McKay. He could not say how many of Sony's CDs currently use the XCP software, but he said it is one of two digital rights management productsused by Sony. The other is SunnComm's MediaMax software, he said.

XCP2 Copy Protection

XCP2 is content protection software that was used by SONY BMG Music Entertainment on some audio CDs during 2005 in the US. XCP-Aurora

XM Satellite Radio

XM broadcasts high-quality audio signals via satellite, to it's paying customers. It has no commercials. XM competes with Sirius Satellite Radio.

XMB - Xross Media Bar interface

XMB is a TV-centric user interface for digital home networks based on DLNA industry standards. SONY has demoed sets with XMB interfaces.


Extended Video YCC color space for video applications. xvYCC expands the number of available colors to about 1.8 times that of existing (6/2006) HDTV signals. It is based on the Munsell Color Cascade system accepted by the IEC in October 2005. The IEC indicates that the expanded colour gamut may be included into an expanded definition of the ATSC HDTV ITU-R BT.709 colour standard rather than becoming an entirely new standard. BUT, other documentation states that HDMI 1.3 adopts use of the IEC 61966-2-4 color standard, commonly called xvYCC (shorthand for Extended YCC Colorimetry for Video Applications). HDMI version 1.3 is required to distribute xvYCC. Get ready to throw out your TV! xvYCC is coming! Extended-gamut YCC color space for video applications - xvYCC - in fast procedure (61966-2-4) Mitsubishi xvYCC-compatible laser video projector

YCbCr (or YCrCb)

A component digital video signal containing one luma and two chroma components. DVD-Videos MPEG-2 encoding is based on YCbCr signals. Uses ITU-R BT.601


YCC is just a shorter way of saying YCrCb. YCC is video terminology that's been around for decades. It's new only to photographers. It's old hat to video design engineers. It's already inside your TV, every JPG and every color video device ever made. A variant has been in Photoshop forever as the Lab (CIE L*a*b*) color space. xvYCC is possible due to the use of LEDs or lasers as their light source. YCC transmits or represents the three Red, Green and Blue (RGB) channels as a luminance (Y) channel (Y) and two color-difference channels, Cr and Cb. The advantage of YCC over RGB is that it can reduce overall file size by reducing resolution of the color channels without altering the apparent resolution image, since the main Y (luminance) signal is untouched. This allows better images for the same file size. See also: Adobe RGB 1998 See also: RGB See also: sRGB YELLOW BOOK - Commonly called CD-ROM. Extended the Red Book compact disc format to include computer digital data.

YPrPb - Component (video) inputs

YPrPb is also referred to as YPbPr, PrPbY>, and PbPrY. Y, Pr, Pb: Refers to the color video output jacks on DVD players with component video. Component Video consists of three video cables, they are usually colored Red, Blue and Green. Component video can carry a better video signal than S-Video, but is not quite as good as DVI or HDMI. YPrPb is numerically equivalent to the YCbCr color space, but is designed for use in analog systems whereas YCbCr is for digital video. Y - GREEN Connector - Y - is the Luminance (Luma), which is the brightness and gray scale portion of the signal. Pr - RED Connector - CR - is the RED portion of the signal minus the luminance element. Pb - BLUE Connector - CB - is the BLUE portion of the signal minus the luminance. These (YPrPb) require less bandwidth than the R,G, B signals. Benefit: Requires less processing and combining, produces better image quality, and reduces chance of noise in the signal compared to traditional R, G, B signals.


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